Tag Archives: tobacco use

Research Raises Concerns about Thirdhand Smoke


Health care providers are more and more concerned about effects on body which thirdhand smoke has. How thirdhand smoke is defined? It the residue from tobacco smoke which remains on curtains, carpets, clothing, couches, and dust particles.

In other words, when you enter a room or flat several hours after a man was smoking there, you can still feel the tobacco smoke there — it is thirdhand smoke.

Latest study made in California reveals that the hazard from inhaling thirdhand smoke remains for several hours after the last cigarette has been butt out. The study was published in November issue of journal Environmental Sciences and Technology. It is funded by the Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program.

The author of the study is Hugo Destaillats, who said that everyone knows that secondhand smoke is harmful, but few know that thirdhand smoke is also harmful. For example, parents smoke at home when kids are out, considering it is safe. However, when kids come home in few hours they are subjected to thirdhand smoke as 60% of harm from inhaling thirdhand smoke remains.

A crew at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory were examining two different places. First was a room in the lab where was installed a machine that used 6 cigarettes in a row, and then were monitored substances found for the next 18 hours. The second was a smoker’s home, where researchers gathered necessary data 8 hours after the last cigarette was smoked.

Thus the study reveals that the high amount of toxic substances is found in first five hours after smoking and it continues to increase more gradually in the next 5 hours. So at least ten hours should pass before effects begin to go down.

Back in 2010 a study showed that when the nicotine in thirdhand smoke reacts with a common indoor air pollutant, together they form carcinogens.

Scientists add that people are exposed to thirdhand smoke not only by breathing, but also by touching surfaces where tobacco smoke residue is present. The chemicals do enter into skin and can be absorbed by the body, Moreover, people smoking outside can bring chemicals inside to their family members on their clothing.

Fewer Students Smoking Cigarettes in North Carolina


Latest Youth Tobacco Survey conducted in North Carolina found that fewer middle and high school students in the state are smoking cheapest cigarettes.

The bad news is that more students use other tobacco products and here the talk is about pipes, snuff, hookah and e-cigarettes.

The doctors are worried much about youth interest towards e-cigarettes and significant increase in use of this product. Data shows that in the last two years e-ciagrettes use among teens has more than tripled.

In the course of the survey, the researchers found that 10% of middle school students and 30% of high school students in North Carolina use one or another kind of tobacco product. According to Health Director of Mecklenburg County, e-cigarettes do represent a serious problem when the talk is about youth, because still few studies were made on thir effects on human bodies.

E-cigarettes are sold to young people without any restriction, therefore they start smoking at their early age. Studies demonstrate that 90% of smokers started smoking when they were under 18 and in adult age they already became regular smokers. The earlier  people begin smoking, the harder for them is to quit in adult age.

Dr. Marcus Plescia comes with a proposal to prohibit tobacco use on county grounds in order to reduce smoking rates among youth in North Carolina. Mecklenburg County Commission is the body who takes such decisions. At the same time, smokers who want to quit may use QuitLine NC.

Ireland Leads EU on Plain Packaging of Cigarettes

Plain Packaging

The Irish government approved draft laws which make tobacco companies use plain packs on tobacco products sold in the country. This is a great and important step towards the improvment of public health, which will improve country’s reputation as a global leader in tobacco control.

If the law will be adopted, it will prohibit use of logos on cigarettes packs. The packs must contain graphic warnings and insriptions like “low tar” are prohibited. With this law Ireland is going to be first country in the European Union who introduced plain packaging for cigarettes.

It is expected that tobacco industry will oppose strongly to this law and their lobbists will defend the industry’s interests. The opponents of the law already told that the plain packaging initiative would cause negative reaction to foreign investors.

Minister for Health says that the goal of Standardised Packaging of Tobacco Bill is to make cigarettes packs look less attractive to users, especially youth. It will help to prevent people from starting smoking and make people aware about the effects of tobacco use.

Experts say that beautiful cigarettes packs make children start smoking at an early age and soon they easy become regular smokers. They become so addicted that later in life have difficulties with quitting. It is known that tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals and 250 of them are harmful. Smoking may cause cancer, cardiovascular diseases and lung disease.

The tobacco industry will dispute the effectiveness of the proposed packaging measures and will talk about intellectual property rights. However, Australia managed to adopt such a law and this is an example to follow.

Tax Increase Will Not Reduce Tobacco Use


British American Tobacco Zimbabwe asked governments in Southern Africa to pay attention to the consequences of high taxes on tobacco products which were increased in order to reduce tobacco use among population.

On May 31 the world celebrated No Tobacco Day and with this regard BAT Zimbabwe released a statement which says that the company does not believe that increasing tobacco taxes will make people refuse from smoking. Instead they will look for cheap cigarettes.

In Southern Africa already are registered high tobacco taxes in comparision with other parts of Africa. In these conditions it would never do to increase taxes again. The economic environment in which the disposable income of smokers remains stretched.

Usually smokers react on cigarettes prices increase with turning to such cheap cigarettes as Doina and Armada which they buy in online cigarettes shops. This helps them to save money. People always look for attractive prices and they are ready to change premium brands for not popular brands.

BAT Zimbabwe asks governments, who want to reduce tobacco usage, to broaden the possibility of their considerations beyond increases in tax. Public health purposes cannot be the single aspect of consideration when using fiscal policy.

In reality, unintended consequences resulted from increases in tax on tobacco products may expose to a risk the achievement of these public health purposes.

The WHO estimated that today there are one billion smokers worldwide and that by 2050 this number could increase to 2.2billion.  BAT Zimbabwe says that there is a need for a different approach to tobacco taxation that takes into consideration all the potential unintended consequences.

WHO Calls for Tobacco Taxes Increase


On May 31 the world would celebrate No Tobacco Day. In connection with this the WHO calls the countries in the entire world to increase taxes on tobacco in order to encourage smokers to quit and prevent youth from becoming smokers.

The WHO estimated that increasing tobacco taxes by 50% in all countries worldwide will help to reduce the number of smokers by 49 million within the next 3 years.

These days smoking incurs considerable costs for families, governments and businesses because treating smoking related diseases is quite expensive. Smoking-related disease affect negatively businesses because low productivity leads to income drop.

The WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan considers that increasing taxes on cigarettes is the most effective way to reduce tobacco use among people.

High prices on cigarettes are very effective in discouraging young people from starting smoking and becoming regular smokers. Moreover, they encourage existing young smokers to reduce their tobacco use or quit.

According to Dr Douglas Bettcher, Director of the Department for Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases at WHO, increasing prices on cigarettes helps to reduce tobacco use among young people than among older adults. Adult smokers say that when taxes are increased they buy cheap cigarettes in the Internet.

The  WHO estimates that if all countries in the world increased tobacco taxes by 50% per pack, governments would gain US$ 101 billion in global revenue.  For example, fhose money could be used in social programmes.

Philippines and France are countries that increased taxes on cigarettes and this measure proved to be effective. Thus in France has reduced the number of people suffering from smoking related diseases, and in Philippines the Government gathered more money than it was expected and wants to spend them on health services.

Earlier FDA launched an anti-smoking campaign aimed at youth

How Has Smoking In the USA Changed Since 1964


Fifty years ago on January 11, the surgeon general released a report which showed a link between smoking and disease, which changed totally the attitude towards tobacco.

Social pressures against smoking resulted in regulation by government, thus smoking now is banned in bars and restaurants in a number od American states.

Since the release of report people changed their attitude towards smoking and today in the USA smoking rate has dropped by half. Experts say that almost 8 million lives were saved.

Surgeon General Boris D. Lushniak said that on January 11 we celebrated 50 years from the first surgeon general’s report on smoking effects on human’s health. It was Luther Terry who made it. It played a big role in understanding the importance of making a research and today people are familiar enough about the effects of tobacco use on human body.

Since 1964 the label “Surgeon General’s Warning” on tobacco products forever connects people with the Surgeon General. It was estimated that 50 years of struggle against smoking resulted in 50% drop in America’s smoking rate.

The Journal of the American Medical Association released the next important data about smoking:
– About 23%of adult males and about 18% of adult females smoke.
– About 60% of American kids aged 4 – 11 are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.
– 90% of lung cancer in males is connected to smoking and 80% of lung cancer in females is caused by cigarettes.
–  On average, smokers die 13 to 14 years earlier than nonsmokers.
–  The greatest number of smokers are between the ages of 25 and 44.
–  Since 1965, more than 45% of smokers have quit.

American Heart Association estimated that most smokers began to smoke in their teenage. Regretably, young people don’t quite realize the dangers of smoking.

Quit Smoking in 2014


Quitting smoking is a most popular New Year’s Resolution. Everyone knows that smoking is harmful to the body so every year more and more smokers promise to and successfully quit the habit.

Secondhand smoke can cause allergic reactions and asthma in some people and stop healthy development of lungs in kids.

Therefore, smokers should not smoke in the presence of kids and people with health problems.

Also scientists talk about thirdhand smoke. What is it? It is what tobacco smoke leaves on surfaces, upholstery and a variety of porous materials. We may feel   thirdhand smoke in the car when someone smoked, in someone’s house or from someone’s clothes.

Like secondhand smoke, thirdhand smoke is connected to allergic reactions, asthmatic symptoms and other physical responses not only in people but also in pets.

Many years the Florida Department of Health has worked to reduce tobacco exposure rates in the state. Now they are concentrated on reduction of tobacco exposure on multi-unit housing, where air containing secondhand and thirdhand smoke can involuntarily be shared by neighbors via ventilation systems, cracks in walls and so on.

Apartments where lived a man who smoked indoors usually have a strong tobacco odor and nicotine discoloration on floors, walls and window which demands great cleaning or replacement before a new man can move in and feel himself comfortable there.

Apartment communities having policies that restrict tobacco use in indoor spaces, are become popular. Such policies do greatly improve air quality and keep maintenance costs down and besides this they reduce the risk of fire.

Tobacco Use Among Teens in West Virginia Declined


Experts say that tobacco use among young people in West Virginia is declining, Recently West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources Division of Tobacco Prevention revealed data that demonstrates the percentage of high school students who said they have never used any kind of tobacco productshas raised from 20.6% in 2000 to 46.1% in 2013.

Over the same period of ten years, there was a 107% increase in the number of high school students who never have tried to smoke cigarettes.

Dr. Letitia Tierney, State Health Officer and Commission for the Bureau for Public Health says that this data shows that anti-smoking programs and other initiatives by the Bureau of Public Health  which help to inform young people about the effects of nicotine are working.

The data revealed today suggests that improvements that were made over the last 10 years are very effective and this is worth celebrating.

Data shows that 18.6% of high school students in West Virginia are smokes while in 2000 there were 38.5% of smokers.

Tierney says it is a great success and attributes it to teenagers that take part in Raze, West Virginia’s tobacco prevention movement. Generally, there are almost 4,000 young people who joined the program with 150 crews in the entire state.

Tierney also says it is a great progress and it is important to keep in mind that nicotine causes addiction. Young people must be informed about the effects of tobacco use before they become addicted.

New Smoking Policy Came into Action in Beaverton

tobacco use

In the city of Beaverton, Oregon, from September 1 a new tobacco-free policy comes into effect. The new policy touches far more than just city’s buildings.

Use of tobacco is going to be prohibited not only in city-owned buildings but in leased buildings too. Besides this, in Beaverton smoking will not be permitted on any city-sponsored event or venue.

The authorities say these anti-tobacco measures are taken in order to encourage a healthy lifestyle in their city.

Until Sunday, the use of tobacco had been prohibited in city-owned buildings only. However, Sunday’s tobacco ban expansion spreads to city-owned or leased properties, city-sponsored events or venues, the parking areas of Beaverton City Hall, Activities Center and Community Center, the city’s Operations Facility, Beaverton City Library,

In a press release, the City of Beaverton reports that smoking is prohibited inside all privately owned means of transport when parked in the zones mentioned above.

In October 2012, the city received a federal grant in an amount of $1.6 million from the Center for Disease Control in order to improve total health of citizens in the community. The new anti-tobacco initiative in Beaverton meets main requirement of the grant to increase the number of tobacco-free places for staff and resident access.

Mayor of the city, Denny Doyl, said in a statement that as a good federal partner, they recognize that the city of Beaverton has a responsibility to protect their employees and visitors from the negative effects of secondhand smoke. The major aim of authorities is to create a healthy environment for the citizens and this step is very important in achieving it.

Cigarette Taxation Helps to Reduce Drinking Rates

Smoking and Drinking

In the USA tobacco use and heavy drinking are among major causes of preventable diseases.  Cigarette taxation is considered one of most important policy tools to reduce smoking among Americans.

Most of all, drinking and smoking occur together. There was made a research on the field which analyzed the effects of cigarette taxation and it found out that cigarettes price increase is linked with modest to moderate reductions in alcohol usage among vulnerable groups of population.

The results of the research will be published in January 2014 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Sherry McKee, the author of the research and associate professor of psychiatry at Yale University School of Medicine, said that together heavy drinking and smoking occur in terrifyingly high rates.

Tobacco use can intensify the effects of alcohol and even increase the risk for problematic and heavy drinking. Smokers drink more ofren and more heavily than non-smokers, and are more likely than non-smokers to become alcohol dependent.

Сo-occurrence of drinking and smoking has a particular clinical importance because of evidence that health effects increase with combined against singular abuse of alcohol and tobacco.

Christopher W. Kahler, professor and chair of the department of behavioral and social sciences at Brown School of Public Health, said that drinking and smoking are strongly connected for a number of reasons including corresponding pharmacologic effects, shared genetic associations, shared neuronal pathways, learned associations, common environmental factors. It is possible to fight these habits with pharmacotherapy, behavioral treatments and policy.

Cigarette taxes are considered most efficient tool to fight smoking. Increases in cigarette taxes reduces the number of people who want to start smoking and increases the number of people who want to quit. In other woeds, by increasing the price of cigarettes, taxes are thought to help smokers reduce tobacco use or even quit smoking, and prevent non-smokers from starting to smoke cigarettes.

McKee with her colleagues analyzed data received through interviews with 21,473 alcohol users as part the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a survey made by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

The researchers estimated how increases in cigarette taxes between Waves I (2001-2002) and II (2004-2005) were connected to reductions in frequency and quantity of alcohol use. The results of the study suggest that increases in cigarette taxes were connected to reductions in alcohol usage over time among men.