Tag Archives: tobacco use
Fifty years ago on January 11, the surgeon general released a report which showed a link between smoking and disease, which changed totally the attitude towards tobacco.
Social pressures against smoking resulted in regulation by government, thus smoking now is banned in bars and restaurants in a number od American states.
Since the release of report people changed their attitude towards smoking and today in the USA smoking rate has dropped by half. Experts say that almost 8 million lives were saved.
Surgeon General Boris D. Lushniak said that on January 11 we celebrated 50 years from the first surgeon general’s report on smoking effects on human’s health. It was Luther Terry who made it. It played a big role in understanding the importance of making a research and today people are familiar enough about the effects of tobacco use on human body.
Since 1964 the label “Surgeon General’s Warning” on tobacco products forever connects people with the Surgeon General. It was estimated that 50 years of struggle against smoking resulted in 50% drop in America’s smoking rate.
The Journal of the American Medical Association released the next important data about smoking:
- About 23%of adult males and about 18% of adult females smoke.
- About 60% of American kids aged 4 – 11 are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.
- 90% of lung cancer in males is connected to smoking and 80% of lung cancer in females is caused by cigarettes.
- On average, smokers die 13 to 14 years earlier than nonsmokers.
- The greatest number of smokers are between the ages of 25 and 44.
- Since 1965, more than 45% of smokers have quit.
American Heart Association estimated that most smokers began to smoke in their teenage. Regretably, young people don’t quite realize the dangers of smoking.
Quitting smoking is a most popular New Year’s Resolution. Everyone knows that smoking is harmful to the body so every year more and more smokers promise to and successfully quit the habit.
Secondhand smoke can cause allergic reactions and asthma in some people and stop healthy development of lungs in kids.
Therefore, smokers should not smoke in the presence of kids and people with health problems.
Also scientists talk about thirdhand smoke. What is it? It is what tobacco smoke leaves on surfaces, upholstery and a variety of porous materials. We may feel thirdhand smoke in the car when someone smoked, in someone’s house or from someone’s clothes.
Like secondhand smoke, thirdhand smoke is connected to allergic reactions, asthmatic symptoms and other physical responses not only in people but also in pets.
Many years the Florida Department of Health has worked to reduce tobacco exposure rates in the state. Now they are concentrated on reduction of tobacco exposure on multi-unit housing, where air containing secondhand and thirdhand smoke can involuntarily be shared by neighbors via ventilation systems, cracks in walls and so on.
Apartments where lived a man who smoked indoors usually have a strong tobacco odor and nicotine discoloration on floors, walls and window which demands great cleaning or replacement before a new man can move in and feel himself comfortable there.
Apartment communities having policies that restrict tobacco use in indoor spaces, are become popular. Such policies do greatly improve air quality and keep maintenance costs down and besides this they reduce the risk of fire.
Experts say that tobacco use among young people in West Virginia is declining, Recently West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources Division of Tobacco Prevention revealed data that demonstrates the percentage of high school students who said they have never used any kind of tobacco products has raised from 20.6% in 2000 to 46.1% in 2013.
Over the same period of ten years, there was a 107% increase in the number of high school students who never have tried to smoke cigarettes.
Dr. Letitia Tierney, State Health Officer and Commission for the Bureau for Public Health says that this data shows that anti-smoking programs and other initiatives by the Bureau of Public Health which help to inform young people about the effects of nicotine are working.
The data revealed today suggests that improvements that were made over the last 10 years are very effective and this is worth celebrating.
Data shows that 18.6% of high school students in West Virginia are smokes while in 2000 there were 38.5% of smokers.
Tierney says it is a great success and attributes it to teenagers that take part in Raze, West Virginia’s tobacco prevention movement. Generally, there are almost 4,000 young people who joined the program with 150 crews in the entire state.
Tierney also says it is a great progress and it is important to keep in mind that nicotine causes addiction. Young people must be informed about the effects of tobacco use before they become addicted.
In the city of Beaverton, Oregon, from September 1 a new tobacco-free policy comes into effect. The new policy touches far more than just city’s buildings.
Use of tobacco is going to be prohibited not only in city-owned buildings but in leased buildings too. Besides this, in Beaverton smoking will not be permitted on any city-sponsored event or venue.
The authorities say these anti-tobacco measures are taken in order to encourage a healthy lifestyle in their city.
Until Sunday, the use of tobacco had been prohibited in city-owned buildings only. However, Sunday’s tobacco ban expansion spreads to city-owned or leased properties, city-sponsored events or venues, the parking areas of Beaverton City Hall, Activities Center and Community Center, the city’s Operations Facility, Beaverton City Library,
In a press release, the City of Beaverton reports that smoking is prohibited inside all privately owned means of transport when parked in the zones mentioned above.
In October 2012, the city received a federal grant in an amount of $1.6 million from the Center for Disease Control in order to improve total health of citizens in the community. The new anti-tobacco initiative in Beaverton meets main requirement of the grant to increase the number of tobacco-free places for staff and resident access.
Mayor of the city, Denny Doyl, said in a statement that as a good federal partner, they recognize that the city of Beaverton has a responsibility to protect their employees and visitors from the negative effects of secondhand smoke. The major aim of authorities is to create a healthy environment for the citizens and this step is very important in achieving it.
In the USA tobacco use and heavy drinking are among major causes of preventable diseases. Cigarette taxation is considered one of most important policy tools to reduce smoking among Americans.
Most of all, drinking and smoking occur together. There was made a research on the field which analyzed the effects of cigarette taxation and it found out that cigarettes price increase is linked with modest to moderate reductions in alcohol usage among vulnerable groups of population.
The results of the research will be published in January 2014 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.
Sherry McKee, the author of the research and associate professor of psychiatry at Yale University School of Medicine, said that together heavy drinking and smoking occur in terrifyingly high rates.
Tobacco use can intensify the effects of alcohol and even increase the risk for problematic and heavy drinking. Smokers drink more ofren and more heavily than non-smokers, and are more likely than non-smokers to become alcohol dependent.
Сo-occurrence of drinking and smoking has a particular clinical importance because of evidence that health effects increase with combined against singular abuse of alcohol and tobacco.
Christopher W. Kahler, professor and chair of the department of behavioral and social sciences at Brown School of Public Health, said that drinking and smoking are strongly connected for a number of reasons including corresponding pharmacologic effects, shared genetic associations, shared neuronal pathways, learned associations, common environmental factors. It is possible to fight these habits with pharmacotherapy, behavioral treatments and policy.
Cigarette taxes are considered most efficient tool to fight smoking. Increases in cigarette taxes reduces the number of people who want to start smoking and increases the number of people who want to quit. In other woeds, by increasing the price of cigarettes, taxes are thought to help smokers reduce tobacco use or even quit smoking, and prevent non-smokers from starting to smoke cigarettes.
McKee with her colleagues analyzed data received through interviews with 21,473 alcohol users as part the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a survey made by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
The researchers estimated how increases in cigarette taxes between Waves I (2001-2002) and II (2004-2005) were connected to reductions in frequency and quantity of alcohol use. The results of the study suggest that increases in cigarette taxes were connected to reductions in alcohol usage over time among men.
Senators will interrogate the tobacco industry stakeholders about the government plan to reform excise taxes on tobacco and alcohol in spite of the presupposition made by Cesar Purisima, Finance Secretary that the tax rise was not a reason for quitting smoking.
During a previous hearing led by the Senate committee Purisima said that they suppose that essential tax increases and following retail prices increase will not lead to a significant decrease in tobacco use.
According to the recent study, it was demonstrated that cigarette use even increased under the conditions of hikes in tobacco taxes and prices.
Cesar Purisima said that cigarette prices from year 2004 to 2011 were augmented by as much as 61%, but tobacco use did not decreased.
He made reference to tobacco tax hikes, which over the years, had led to corresponding increases in the retail prices by as much as 99%.
Republic Act 9334 requires tax increases on tobacco and alcohol products starting January 1, 2005 and every other year until January 1, 2011.
But Senator Ralph Recto, ways and means committee chairman, pointed out that the main thing in the current tax reform discussions is coming up with the efficient tax rate.
He declared that it was the opinion of majority in the Senate to reach a tax structure that would profit all players equally.
Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile said if the Senate wants to increase the tax, it won’t reduce the number of smokers and they will continue to smoke.
Rodelito Atienza, who is the Labor Union president, asked if the proposed aim will not be reached, why is the DOF willing to cause so much injury to many of stakeholders in both alcohol and tobacco industries who are ready to lose their jobs?”
Blake Dy, Associated Anglo-American Tobacco Corp. vice president, said that government was being “heavy-handed” without the need. There are other ways of make money without giving such radical change, he said.
He added that the government should preserve an open mind on this matter. There are various ways to obtain government’s goals without destroying the industry, he said.
Health Secretary Enrique Ona told that the country is now number one country in tobacco use in the Southeast Asia with every Filipino smoking an estimated 1,073 sticks yearly.
He stressed that cigarette consumption is a risk factor in 6 of the world’s 8 leading causes of preventable diseases.
It is just the latest in a series of objections to the video which depicts the singer and a boyfriend fighting in a drug-fuelled haze.
At the time of filming, a farmer spoke out against Rihanna’s nudity on set, but on Tuesday local charity Ulster Cancer Foundation criticised her deadly habit.
The Barbados-born singer smokes openly in the video, which was filmed on locations across Northern Ireland including Co Down and Belfast’s New Lodge.
Thousands flocked to catch a glimpse of Rihanna as she was captured on film for the song, which was a collaboration with Scottish DJ Calvin Harris, in the days before she kicked off her latest tour at the Odyssey arena.
The Ulster Cancer Foundation says it is concerned that the singer’s smoking habits could influence young people in Northern Ireland.
“After so much hype around the filming of the video it was very disappointing to see Rihanna so blatantly smoking throughout it,” said UCF Cancer Prevention Officer, Doreen Regan.
“Artists such as Rihanna are held in high esteem and regarded as role models by millions of young people. We are very concerned that young people watching the video will see smoking as glamorous and want to copy her behaviour,” she added.
Research by the UCF has revealed that almost one third of 14 to 16-year-olds have tried smoking, and smoking in television, films and music videos is a key trigger for teens starting to smoke
“Young people who experiment with tobacco can become quickly addicted. The earlier a young person begins to smoke the worse the impact on their health including wheeziness and shortness of breath compared to those who do not smoke, and impaired lung growth and function which may lead to lung cancer in later life.
“Three-quarters of adult smokers start the habit as teenagers, which is why it is so irresponsible of Rihanna to influence her young fan base in this way,” added Ms Regan.
Last week the Rape Crisis Centre said the video was a “disgrace” and “sends the message that [Rihanna] is an object to be possessed by men, which is disturbingly what we see in real violence cases”.
Henceforth, every time an actor is seen taking a puff on screen, a prominent scroll warning that smoking is injurious to health will run at the bottom. What’s more, the actor will personally read out the ill-effects of smoking, say the new health ministry rules to be effective from Monday.
According to the rules, all filmmakers depicting usage of tobacco will have to show a message or spot of minimum 30 seconds at the beginning and middle of the concerned film or TV programme.
For films or programmes being made after Monday, a strong editorial justification for display of tobacco products or their use shall be given to the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) along with a UA certification.
A representative from health ministry will also be present in the CBFC.
It will also need a disclaimer of minimum 20 seconds duration by the concerned actor regarding the ill effects of the use of such products in the beginning and middle of the film or television programme.
Also, the names of brands of cigarettes and other tobacco products will also have to be cropped or blurred.
“India has the largest film producing industry and films have played a key role in the process of social change and in influencing the Indian culture. Thus, for the tobacco industry, films provide an opportunity to convert a deadly product into a status symbol or token of independence,” a statement from the ministry said Friday.
“The role of movies as vehicles for promoting tobacco use has become even more important as other forms of tobacco promotion are constrained,” it said.
According to a combined study by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the health ministry, tobacco usage was shown in nearly 89 percent movies in 2005 compared to 76 percent in 2003.
Nearly 75 percent of the movies showed the lead character smoking in 2005 and 41 percent showed the brand.
The University of Illinois at Chicago has received $14.2 million from the National Cancer Institute to study how mass media and tax and pricing affects tobacco use and behavior.
The two five-year studies at UIC’s Institute for Health Research and Policy build on previous tobacco research conducted by the institute to better understand what factors influence smoking behaviors.
In one study, senior research scientist Sherry Emery and colleagues will measure the extent to which people are exposed to, search for, and exchange both pro- and anti-tobacco information in mass media, how these activities are related to one another, and ultimately, how these actions are related to smoking behavior, beliefs and attitudes.
In evaluating pro- and anti-tobacco information the researchers will use existing data to assess passive exposure to television advertisements, banner ads that pop up on the internet, and sponsored text messaging; what people actively search for on the internet; and what people exchange via social media, such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube.
“The hypothesis is that if you’re exposed to, for example, an ad that says you should quit smoking your level of engagement with that information will be substantially lower than if you actively search the Internet for ways to quit smoking; in turn, engagement will be even greater if you share your experience with quitting via social media. These different levels of engagement may be associated in important ways to tobacco-related attitudes, beliefs and behavior,” says Emery, principal investigator of the $7.2 million NCI-funded grant.
Emery’s study will also collect new data from an online survey of 15,000 people in the country’s top 75 media markets to obtain media market estimates of people’s behavior and their consumption of pro- and anti-tobacco information from a variety of mass media, as well as smoking behavior information and demographics.
The tobacco industry is prohibited from advertising on television, but they are not prohibited from providing information about their products that can be actively searched for on the internet, says Emery, whose previous research has examined the impact of tobacco-related television advertising on youth and adult smoking attitudes and behaviors.
Watching television, while still the dominant source of information for many people, is a different behavior than it was five years ago, Emery said.
In the other study, Frank Chaloupka, distinguished professor of economics and director of the Health Policy Center at UIC, and colleagues will assess policies affecting retail tobacco prices over a 10-year period; evaluate the impact of price-reducing promotions on tobacco purchasing behaviors, such as choice of product and brand; and determine to what extent consumers will avoid paying tax on tobacco products by crossing county or state borders, or by purchasing online or by phone or mail order.
The study will also investigate how pricing and tax policies impact tobacco behaviors, including prevalence, frequency and intensity of use, youth uptake, cessation, and substitution among products.
“Tobacco tax increases are widely recognized as the most effective policy governments have for reducing the death, disease and economic costs imposed by tobacco use,” said Chaloupka. “Findings from this project will help to ensure that these policies are designed and implemented in a way that maximizes their effectiveness in reducing tobacco use and its consequences.”
Chaloupka has conducted extensive research on the economics of tobacco use and found that increases in cigarette prices – including tax hikes – lead to significant reductions in smoking. This research has led to many substance-abuse policy initiatives and has been cited by the U.S. surgeon general’s office.
It’s no secret that cigarette smoking is dangerous to your health. You can even see it on cigarette packs and boxes. Why do people still smoke despite the warnings? The answer is simple; nicotine is a highly addictive substance. It explains why people who start smoking can’t seem to kick the habit out the window easily. The good news is there are many stop smoking aids available on the market.
Quitting smoking is a real tough job. Fortunately, a number of alternatives have been introduced to the world and have helped thousands of people. Nicotine gums, nicotine patches and nicotine sprays are often used to replace the nicotine you get from cigarettes. They were designed to control your nicotine cravings and suppress the urge to light up a cigar at every chance you get. Keep in mind that you cannot smoke while you are on nicotine replacement therapy as it can result to nicotine overdose.
The stop smoking aids can be really helpful but you cannot rely solely on them. You still have to work hard for it. You need to resist the urge to smoke. It may be difficult but your efforts will surely pay off in the end.
The possibility of catching chronic diseases such as bronchitis, pneumonia and lung cancer will also be decreased. It’s a win-win situation for you. Quitting smoking has indeed several advantages and they should be enough to motivate you to kick the habit out the window.
Stop smoking aids include the disposal of cigarettes, lighters and ashtrays. Be sure to clean your house and your work place as it is much easier to quit if you can’t see tempting things lying around. Also, make it a point to stay away from places where you will be prompted to light up a cigarette. It’s also best to stay away from people who smoke while you are still in the process of breaking the habit so that you won’t be tempted.
Fill your pockets with gums and candies. Whenever you feel like smoking, pop in a candy or chew a gum instead. This should do the trick. You will eventually forget the remnants of tobacco smell.
Quitting smoking is not easy but it can be done. You just have to be patient. Soon, you will see that your efforts have paid off thanks to the stop smoking aids. Live a clean life, live a healthy life.