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New York celebrated 10th anniversary of smoking ban public places such as bars and restaurants
On March 27, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg celebrated 10th anniversary of smoking ban public places such as bars and restaurants.
“Ten years ago when New York City banned smoking in restaurants and bars, many forecasted the end of the hospitality, restaurant and tourism industries,” Bloomberg stated.
Critics of the step anticipated smoking ban would harm the restaurant and bar earnings, but the Health Department review said there are now some 6,000 more restaurants and bars in New York than there were ten years ago.
The New York’s Smoke-Free Air Act became operative a little over a year into Bloomberg’s first term as mayor in 2003 and banned smoking inside bars, restaurants and most office buildings.
The following year, New York began offering free nicotine replacement therapy to smokers attempting to stop smoking and in 2011 extended the smoking ban to the New York’s parks and beaches.
As outlined by the review unveiled on March 27, the percentage of adult smokers decreased by about a third to 13% in 2011 from 19 % in 2002. The review, published by the city’s Health Department, also said the percentage of youths aged 18 who smoke slipped by about half to 9%.
Bloomberg’s period, which will end in 2013, has been marked by his efforts to boost New Yorkers’ health by trying to stimulate them to eat less salt, trans fats and calories in general, among other actions.
A week later, Bloomberg released his strategy to demand stores to hide cigarettes and tobacco products from tobacco displays, reasoning that would protect youth from advertising efforts.
Some store proprietors and tobacco companies have criticized the strategy as unnecessary extra regulation that would break the free speech provision of the U.S. Constitution.
Bloomberg also suggested a minimum price of $10.50 for a cigarette pack in order to some smokers would find smoking too costly to keep. The two bills are now before the city council.
Ronald Bayer, a professor of public health at Columbia University, called Bloomberg’s health projects a “major achievement” and said his attempts to make smoking less socially appropriate were an effective and legitimate use of his office.
He said it remains at question how much further government could go to discourage smokers to stop smoking.
Sydney University public health expert Simon Chapman has prompted the Australian government to provide smokers with yearly licences that would identify the quantity of cigarettes they could purchase.
Giving up the licence would be compensated with the payment of all the fees paid. If you give up smoking at 40, for example, you might be looking at a windfall of a few thousand dollars.
“If a person puts an additional dollar on a pack and put that into the incentive fund, the person stopping smoking would get all that money back as well,” Mr. Chapman said.
A specific glory of the licensing system would be a efficient anti-smoking strategy, with health authorities gaining from having a list of smokers’ data and details of their habit. Someone who, for example, proved resolve one year about quitting by claiming 10 cigarettes a day rather than 20 could be aimed with an individual incentive to take that final step.
Mr. Chapman wants governments to be bold in their thinking and treat tobacco like the dangerous substance it is.
Cigarettes, in contrast, are widely available to any adult person.
“Tobacco is marketed in the way it is as the style of marketing was set up long before the proof was in about the negative affects of smoking,” Mr. Chapman said. “But there is that evidence since the 1950s.” Certainly, the program would be complex. Licensed tobacco retailers would need to have a swipe-card reader and be prohibited from selling tobacco products to anyone who does not have a licence. People applying for a licence would take a test to find whether they completely knew the risks of smoking.
That the tobacco industry would struggle the initiative tooth and nail was evident from a declaration that British American Tobacco made this year.
“Manu adult people enjoy cigarette smoking and will continue to smoke and it’s their right. It is sold a controversial product, but it’s a legal.” Jeff Collin, a public health specialist from Scotland’s Edinburgh University, condemned Chapman’s proposal from a different perspective, stating that the target of anti-smoking campaigns should keep with the providers, rather than move to customers.
“Another apparent criticism is that, if tobacco is so dangerous, why not ban it?” Mr. Chapman said. “Some people are greatly hooked. It would be a formula for a very significant black market supplying those desperate people.”
On October 30, Shu-Hong Zhu, PhD, main specialist for the California Smokers’ Helpline celebrated the Helpline’s 20th anniversary. In 1992, the Helpline, as well well-known as 1-800-N0-BUTTS, started to be the first in the USA to provide free, telephone-based services for smokers looking for to smoking cessation programs. The Helpline has functioned as a example for identical services that are today offered in all 50 states.
“In the course of two decades, the California Smokers’ Helpline has made it possible for smokers across California to take charge of their health and quit smoking,” said Zhu. “It has been a long way in lowering the number of smoking people in the state. California has the second-lowest rate in the USA, but there is more work to do. This is a verified service that increases people’s possibilities of successfully giving up smoking, and the service wants to ensure people know about it.”
At the moment, there are around 3.6 million smoking people in the state. The estimated cost of smoking in California is almost $16 billion yearly, more than $3,000 per smoker per year.
Since its launch in August 1992, the California Smokers’ Helpline has offered ree, personalized and confidential assistance to more than 600,000 Californians from various towns in California. Smoking cessation services are offered in English (800-NO-BUTTS), Korean (800-556-5564), Mandarin and Cantonese (800-838-8917), Spanish (800-45-NO-FUME), Vietnamese (800-778-8440).
“The fact that so many smokers have telephoned for assistance demonstrates how badly people want to give up smoking,” said Christopher Anderson, program director for the Helpline. “It seems that if people who are still smokers, in spite of all the data about harmful health effects, they do not want to stop smoking. However, usually, they just do not know how to start it or don’t feel assured in their ability to quit smoking. The service helps them made a plan and keep to it.”
A free tip list for smokers, Top 10 Tips to Help Smokers Quit, is offered in Helpline consultants who offer their top 10 tips for giving up smoking successfully. “Smoking cessation can feel like a difficult task,” said Dr. Gary Tedeschi, clinical director of the Helpline. “If you fall it apart into smaller steps it starts to appear more achievable.” The tip list is offered in English, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese.
Media materials are as well presented, including: Twenty Years of Calls to the California Smokers’ Helpline, California Smokers’ Helpline Success Stories, and Quotes from California Smokers’ Helpline Counselors.
The Helpline is financed by the California Department of Public Health and by First 5 California.
The United States is winning the war against smoking. More than 3 million Americans quit smoking every year and fewer are adopting the unhealthy and expensive habit.
“The good news is that smoking rates in the US are declining,” said Dr. Carlos Reynes, integrative medicine, Loyola University Health System’s Gottlieb Memorial Hospital. “From 1965 to 2006, smoking rates fell by half, falling from 42 percent to 20.8 percent of adults and we will continue to do even better through education and incentives.”
The Great American Smoke Out, a day sponsored by the American Cancer Society to end smoking, is Thursday, Nov. 17 and thousands of smokers are expected to take a 24-hour break from cigarettes.
“Twenty minutes after quitting, your heart rate and blood pressure drop. Twelve hours after quitting the carbon monoxide level in your blood drops to normal,” said Dr. Reynes. “One year after quitting the excess risk of coronary heart disease is half that of a continuing smoker’s.”
And you will save money. “At $7 to $9 each, a pack-a-day habit sets you back between $2,500 and $3,300 each year, ” says Dr. Reynes. “And improved health also will save you trips to the doctor.”
Dr. Reynes is board-certified in internal medicine and also integrative medicine. “Hypnosis and acupuncture as well as nicotine patches and chewing gums are just a few of the successful tools out there to help smokers kick the habit,” he said. “The important step is to make the effort to quit and if you are unsuccessful, to keep trying different techniques.”
An estimated 46 million adults in the United States currently smoke, and approximately half will die prematurely from smoking.
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for men and women and more than 80 percent of lung cancers are thought to result from smoking.
Tobacco use remains the single largest preventable cause of disease and premature death in the US, yet more than 46 million Americans still smoke. However, more than half of these smokers have attempted to quit for at least one day in the past year.
Dr. Reynes will be sharing medical advice during a free lecture on how to give up smoking from 7 – 8 p.m. on Thursday, Nov. 17 at Gottlieb Memorial Hospital in Melrose Park, a suburb of Chicago. He will be joined by a certified hypnotherapist and also a licensed acupuncturist who will share how these practices work to help decrease the urge to smoke.
Smoking cigarettes used to be a lot more widespread than it is these days. Now most smokers are searching for ways of quitting smoking. This is because smokers and the general public at large are more aware of the risks of smoking cigarettes nowadays.
Simply look at films made in the Sixties and before, everyone is smoking. It proves how de rigeur smoking was compared with today. This would not be permissible now as you may not smoke in public places, on public transport, in restaurants or in pubs any more in most Western countries and elsewhere too.
The problem with smoking is that not merely the smoker suffers, so does everybody in the environs of the smoker. This is known as passive smoking and it has an effect on those working or living with smokers – a barmaid or a spouse for instance. So, all these individuals are endangering their health so that tobacco firms may become richer.
No matter how long somebody has been smoking, it is possible to stop the habit. Anyone who has stopped smoking will tell you that quitting smoking cigarettes has all to do with the mind. You really have to desire to give up smoking or you will not do it successfully.
People have different ways of ceasing smoking cigarettes. Some say that nicotine patches or nicotine gum helps, because you can wean yourself off nicotine slowly without having to inhale the poisonous smoke of cigarettes.
Nicotine is extremely addictive and most of the chemical withdrawal symptoms have to do with the shortage of nicotine in the body.
Most individuals find that the single most effective manner of quitting smoking cigarettes is to give up smoking dead – in one go. It is very hard to cut down or to switch to a weaker brand. You are still inhaling toxic smoke and it is still no help to you or anyone around you.
Cutting down or changing brands does not help, because you will still smoke other smokers’ cigarettes and you will still be in a smokers’ environment. You will also find yourself smoking tomorrow’s five cigarettes today, swearing not to smoke any the next day. That never works. You have to stop smoking dead.
There are a number of situations that can provide the motivation to quit smoking cigarettes. Illness is usually high on the list. A couple of years ago two friends of mine who smoked heavily gave up smoking cigarettes within weeks of each other.
One was in his sixties and had smoked for almost sixty years: he was advised that his lungs were starting to go, but that if he stopped smoking, the shock may kill him. He give up smoking one morning and is still alive, but what a dilemma!
The other was in his fifties and drove a great amount as a travelling salesman. The physician told him that he would almost certainly have to have a leg amputated next year, if he did not give up smoking and that the other might go a year or so after that. He stopped smoking immediately and still has both legs.
So it seems that the secret to quitting smoking cigarettes successfully is to discover your motivation (do you hope to live long enough to see the grandkids get married?) and hold that image in front of you at all times.
Take nicotine substitutes if you have to and stay away from environments where individuals smoke more, like pubs. Join a sports club instead, something like golf, table tennis, swimming or even chess.
Widener University students make all kinds of decisions about their lives, from how much to drink at parties to whether to show up for classes.
But there’s one decision the school has made for them:
No using tobacco. Not on campus.
Last year, Widener became the first four-year school in Pennsylvania to go not just smoke-free but tobacco-free, adopting a simple, stringent policy:
No cigarettes, no cigars, no cigarillos, no pipes, no hookahs, no pinch between the cheek and gum. Nowhere, no time, no how.
The rule also applies to faculty and staff, and to visitors and contractors, banning tobacco use even in personal cars or work trucks that drive onto campus.
So how is it working out?
“I know a lot of people on campus who do smoke, and they’re smoking less,” said Ashley Nilsen, a senior civil-engineering major from Waymart, Pa. “It’s good for the rest of us.”
Smokers who used to congregate outside building entrances now trudge to the edge of campus, stepping over the boundary that divides gown from town.
Last week, Roseann McNeill, a senior from Drexel Hill, stood smoking a cigarette at East 15th and Melrose Streets, where dozens of discarded butts lay on the ground.
She called the tobacco ban “ridiculous.”
“I don’t think it’s really safe to have all the undergrads going off-campus, especially in Chester at night, just to have a cigarette,” she said.
A Widener staffer who stood nearby, puffing a smoke, said the rule was fine with him.
“When I didn’t smoke cigarettes, I didn’t want someone smoking a cigarette and blowing it at my face,” said Chris Lucchi, assistant locksmith and assistant fire marshal. “They want us off campus to do it. Fine.”
Graduate student Nathyn Smith had just arrived from Indiana when he lit up in front of another student.
“She kind of snapped at me,” he said. “I’m like, ‘I’m from out of town!’ ”
His previous school, Ball State University, designated smoking areas on campus, and he said Widener should do the same.
“I don’t feel picked on, but people should have a choice,” Smith said. “If they want to smoke, so be it. That’s what college is all about, making choices.”
Widener framed its policy as being about health, not punishment – at least not right away.
An initial offense merits a warning. A second offense brings a $25 fine, a third $50. A fourth could mean unspecified penalties up to dismissal for students and faculty.
Who is responsible for enforcement? Everyone. Students, faculty, and staff are asked to respectfully address violators. If campus security spots an infraction, they may write an incident report.
As of Sept. 22, three reports had been filed, all involving first-time student offenders who received warnings.
Widener president James Harris said the school was not limiting students’ right to smoke but was definitely telling them where they can do it.
Smoking kills 443,000 people a year in the United States, secondhand smoke 49,000. Smokeless tobacco, or snuff, raises the risk of mouth and throat cancers.
“It’s almost irresponsible if you don’t bring that to the students’ attention,” Harris said.
Harris, who says he has never smoked beyond an occasional cigar, said he wanted Widener to lead, to commit itself to eliminating secondhand smoke, promoting healthy practices, and establishing a culture of wellness. The school also was getting complaints about the clouds emanating from groups of smokers outside buildings.
Nationally, scores of colleges have banned smoking or prohibited people from lighting up near doorways. Widener officials said the medical facts demanded a total ban.
“If tobacco is bad for you,” Harris said, “why would you tolerate one [product] and not the other?”
At the same time it says no to tobacco, Widener is offering free smoking-cessation programs to students, faculty, and staff. The classes cost the college money, but officials figure to reap long-term savings on health insurance.
“Widener cares about people’s health,” said Hillary Grumbine, a staff coordinator in residential life. “It’s great.”
The Widener campus is a green, 2,800-student enclave on the north side of Chester. The school embraces a civic mission, graduating nurses and social workers, and this year stood among the nation’s 25 most service-oriented colleges, as ranked by Newsweek/Daily Beast.
Widener’s leadership on tobacco takes it onto ground where only certain schools tread.
During the last two years, the number of colleges that ban all forms of tobacco has grown from 160 to 250, according to the American Lung Association of Oregon.
That is a 56 percent increase but still only 5.2 percent of the nation’s 4,788 degree-granting colleges. Almost all the schools that ban tobacco are community colleges or smaller, lesser-known institutions.
The University of Pennsylvania is not tobacco-free. Neither is Pennsylvania State University. The only other tobacco-free school in the state is Butler County Community College.
New Jersey has three tobaccoless schools, all community colleges.
Mike Townsend, spokesman for the American Lung Association in Washington, said big colleges often had multiple campuses, satellite offices, a medical center, and a fleet of vehicles, which can make a blanket policy unwieldy.
They also have more students, which could mean more resistance.
By comparison, smaller schools tend to be more autonomous.
Still, he said, a few big schools, including the University of Michigan and the University of Oregon, are moving ahead with tobacco-free policies.
Nationally, 83 percent of college students are nonsmokers. Of course, even nonsmokers have been known to inhale a certain psychoactive plant, banned at Widener under a separate policy on illegal drugs.
Officials adopted the no-tobacco rule in May 2009, then spent more than a year spreading word of the pending change through campus signs, e-mails, policy manuals, and website postings. The policy began in July 2010.
“This freshman class knows, if a student wanted to use tobacco products, Widener was not going to be a place where they could do that,” Harris said. “We’re a healthier campus because of it.”
REASURE VALLEY — With a ban on smoking in city parks, this year Meridian joined other governments and businesses that continue to limit where people can light up.
It’s part of a trend that makes it harder and harder for smokers to find places to smoke. And measures like the Meridian park ban could be part of the reason adult smoking rates in Idaho have gone done over the past 15 years.
On Sept. 1, the Woodgrain Millwork facilities in Nampa and Fruitland implemented a smoke free policy on all business property.
“We’ve heard from a lot of our smokers that it’s helped them actually quit,” Idaho Health and Welfare anti-smoking crusader Jack Miller said about smoke-free zones. “‘OK, I can’t smoke at work now, so maybe I should quit.’ A lot of them say that’s been the trigger.”
The Idaho American Heart Association’s Adrean Casper said a study at the University of California, San Francisco found a link between smoke-free zones and quitting and reducing smoking.
Idaho law prohibits smoking in most indoor public places, such as shopping malls, most businesses, hospitals and restaurants.
In the case of Woodgrain, Southwest District Health stepped in to help the company write its new smoking policies.
“Business owners would like government to be the ones to implement their (smoke- free) policies,” Mitch Kiester, of Southwest District Health, said.
“Then maybe they don’t look like the bad guy.”
In 2000, 22.3 percent of Idaho adults smoked. By 2010, that statistic decreased to 15.7 percent.
Casper pointed to other factors that can curb smoking.
“History has shown us when you increase the tobacco tax, when you implement smoke free policies, and when you fully fund a state smoking cessation program you’ll see a decrease in tobacco use,” Casper said.
It showed that teenage boys who took part in a smoking cessation program and combined it with exercise were several times less likely to continue smoking than those who received only traditional anti-smoking advice. Exercise did not have a comparable effect on teenage girls; researchers aren’t sure why. But the research is among the first to show that an exercise plan for teenage smokers can help them kick two bad habits at once, smoking and inactivity, which often go hand in hand.
For young smokers, breaking the habit before adulthood can be particularly crucial. Studies show that starting as a teenager makes it much more difficult to quit later on. About 80 percent of adult smokers began their habit before turning 18. Yet every day, 3,500 teenagers light their first cigarette.
The researchers recruited 233 smokers ages 14 to 19 at West Virginia high schools, and randomly assigned each to one of three groups. Some students received a single smoking-cessation session. A second group went through a 10-week anti-smoking program called Not on Tobacco, or NOT. And those in the third group went through the NOT program and were given pedometers and counseling on starting an exercise plan, which they could then schedule on their own time.
After three months, the study found that only 5 percent of the students who got the single anti-smoking session had quit smoking. But almost twice as many who went through the 10-week program had quit. When exercise was added to the mix, the effect on boys was remarkable: 24 percent of male students in the exercise group quit smoking, while only about 8 percent in the 10-week program that did not encourage exercise had stopped. They were also more likely to have stayed away from cigarettes after six months as well. The teenage girls in the exercise group, though, were no more likely to have quit smoking than those who received only counseling on quitting smoking.
Published in the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, the analysis included eight clinical trials of nearly 3,300 pregnant women. Researchers looked at whether counseling helped pregnant women quit smoking after six months.
Four of eight trials showed no difference between groups of pregnant women who got smoking-cessation counseling and those who didn’t, while the remaining four studies showed just a slightly lower quit rate in women who didn’t receive the counseling.
In the study with the highest success rate, for instance, just 24 percent of women who got counseling were able to quit, compared to twenty-one percent who didn’t get counseling.
In other words, three out of four moms-to-be in that study continued to smoke whether they had counseling or not, lead author Dr. Kristian Filion noted in an email.
“We were a little surprised by the small number of women that remained abstinent and by the small effect of counseling,” he told Reuters Health.
Filion doesn’t recommend abandoning counseling as an intervention, but he does see a need to study more effective approaches.
“Evidence regarding the safety and effectiveness of nicotine replacement therapies in pregnant women is limited,” he said. “More research in this area is needed so that we can better understand the risk-benefit ratio of nicotine replacement therapies in pregnant women.”
Dr. Nancy A. Rigotti, who directs the Tobacco Research and Treatment Center at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston and who was not involved in the study, also agrees that medication should be considered to help pregnant smokers quit.
“There’s a concern using any medication in pregnant women,” Rigotti told Reuters Health. “But if a woman continues to smoke, exposing the fetus to nicotine and carbon dioxide, I would argue that it would be safer for her to take the small risk of taking a medication.”
U.S. Public Health Service guidelines recommend nicotine replacement therapies and drugs such as Wellbutrin and Chantix to help people stop smoking, notes Rigotti. But she wouldn’t suggest that pregnant women try Chantix, she added.
In 2009, the FDA required the drug’s maker Pfizer to add a so-called black box warning on the label listing side effects such as depression, suicidal thoughts and, just recently, the drug’s link to an increased risk of heart problems.
“It’s a relatively new medication,” Rigotti said. “There really is a lack of animal data to address any questions, and until we know more, we should be careful to use it in pregnant women. It probably wouldn’t be my first choice.”
Despite public awareness of the dangers of smoking, more than 13 percent of pregnant American women smoked in 2005, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Using counseling, nicotine replacement and other therapies that might help in a quit attempt before getting pregnant is a woman’s best bet, said Filion.
“When women think about getting pregnant, it’s probably the best time to intervene,” he explained. “It’s when they can use these drugs and increase the likelihood of quitting.”
It’s hard to stop people smoking addiction actually quit smoking. Nicotine makes smoking addictiv and effects do not want to stop.
But some foods can help people to stop smoking addiction. There are many ways to counter the effects of feedback, such as nicotine patches, hypnosis and some prescription drugs. But apparently not many people know that foodcan also help. Here are some foods that can help you stop smoking:
1. Milk and Milk Products
Milk is one food that provides a comprehensive nutrition for the body. But not many people know that milk can also help you quit smoking. Dukes University revealed that smokers who drank a glass of milk before smoking will not like the taste of their cigarettes. They complained that the taste of cigarettes suddenly become bitter. You can also dip cigarettes into the milk and let it dry. This willcreate a sense of cigarettes a bad taste in the mouth.
2. Certain Vegetables
Some vegetables such as celery, cucumber and eggplant also left a bitter taste if eaten before smoking. In addition, some experts claim that eating lots of vegetables may reduce the intensity of nicotine dependence. However, vegetables such as beans and sweet corn can increase your desire to stimulate areas of the brain responsible for pleasure and satisfaction.
3. Orange Juice
Smoking robs the body’s supply of vitamin C, making you deficient in vitamin C which isfilled with nicotine. So if you want to kick the smoking habit quickly, start drinking more orange juice or eat more fruits such as oranges, lemons and pomegranates are packed with vitamin C as a powerhouse.
Whenever you want to smoke, you should eat something salty, or lick a little salt with the tip of the tongue. It can kill your urge to smoke.
Ginseng has been shown to prevent nicotine-induced release of the neurotransmitterdopamine. It should not be used everyday but can be used 3-4 times a month.
Chewing sugarless gum when you have the urge to smoke is a good way to keep the mouth ‘busy’.