Tag Archives: smoking rates

Smoking Rates High in Lubbock and Amarillo Refions

Smoker

Tobacco Prevention & Control Regional Coordinator for region 1 with the Texas Department of State Health Services Jennifer Hasty confesses that for several years she was starting a new day with a Winston Blue cigarette and a cup of coffee. She wanted to quit the habit but did not know how to do it.

Soon the decision came naturally due to health problems and the mandatory need to give up smoking. She explains that she came to a thought that she does not want to be addicted to something till the rest of her life. She managed to fight smoking and now she helps other people to do it.

The Department of State Health Services reveals that Amarillo and Lubbock regions have highest smoking rates in Texas. According to a report, these regions had a higher percentage of smokers in comparison with to the state average in 2010.  However, latest data showed that smoking rates dropped but still remain higher than the state’s averages from 2011 through 2014.

According to  Kathy Oaks, senior market manager of community engagement for the High Plains Division of the American Cancer Society, smoking rates across the USA are declining steadily.  She considers that this occured due to increasing people’s awarness about effects of tobacco use. Annually thousands people get diseased with one or another smoking-related disease.

American Cancer Society aims to reduce smoking rates. Thus it launched the Great American Smoke Out campaign which spreads info about smoking risks and encourages smokers to stop the habit.

Most hazardous smoking is to pregnant women, and therefore a special attention is paid to this problem. Pregnancy smoking rates in Lubbock are the same as the state average – 1.3 to 6.3%.

New York Shows Decline in Smoking Rates

Smoker

On Monday, state officials said that in New York there was reported lowering of smoking rates.

In past four years smoking rates among high school students has reduced by 42% to 7.3%, while the adult smoking rate has reduced to 14.5%, below the national average of 17.8%.

State authorities say that smoking rates reduction occured due to common anti-smoking efforts of the Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan and Tobacco Control Program.

In 2003 was adopted Clean Indoor Air Act which banned use of tobacco in restaurants and a number of other workplaces. Harlan Juster, director of the state Health Department’s Bureau of Tobacco Control told that there were increased taxes on cigarettes and those money were directed to the state budget.

However, in past years there was significantly cut funding of anti-tobacco efforts. In 2008-2009, New York state spent $84 million on the program, while in 2012-2013 it reduced to $39.3 million.

Harlan Juster says that generally the state achieved success in anti-smoking efforts. In the USA best results in fighting smoking achieved California and Florida, and New York goes right afther them.

According to Judy Rightmyer, director of the Capital District Tobacco Free Coalition,   New York shows great results when it comes to tobacco control. However, despite good results here, smoking rates still remain high among certain groups of people. For example, smoking rates are high among poor people, people with mental diseases and people with no education.

Knowing that, officials want to restrict sale of tobacco products in areas where those categories of people live. Also there is a need to develop adequate policies to reduce number of tobacco retailers.

One Billion People on the Globe are Tobacco Users

Smoking Woman

Latest global survey demonstrates that alcohol and tobacco ramian two major causes of a number of health problems in people around the world.

Researchers say that according to obtained data, nearly one billion people (more that 20% of adults) use tobacco regularly while 240 million people (5% adults) are dependent from alcohol.

The author of the study is Linda Gowing, an associate professor at the University of Adelaide in Australia. She says that the negative impact from alcohol is much higher than from use of tobacco and illegal drugs. Researchers say that in the course of the study they estimated that the impact from alcohol use in terms of disability is more than three times higher.

Co-author of the study Robert West, editor-in-chief of the journal Addiction, told that the aim of the research was to compare impacts of legal and illegal drugs and find out which of them are more dangerous. By the way, the results of the study were published in the journal.

According to the research, the heaviest drinkers in the world are found in Eastern Europe, where annually are used nearly 3.7 gallons of alcohol per person, on average. Then follows  Northern Europe  with high alcohol rates. Lowest alcohol use rates are reported in Central, Southern and Western Asia where people do drink about a half-gallon of alcohol annually.

Also Eastern Europe shows highest smoking rates along with Oceania region (30% smoking adults). In Western Europe 20% smoke.

When it comes to injection drugs, the leaders are North and Central America/Caribbean. Here the lowest rate is reported in Northern Europe.

Senate in Hawaii Passed Bill Raising Smoking Age

Hawaii

Hawaii became first state in the USA to raise legal smoking age to 21.

The lawmakers  adopted on Friday a new legislation which increases age for smoking.

The law passed in state Senate with the majority of votes: 19 memebers voted for while 4 voted against.

The law also regulates use, sale and purchase of electronic cigarettes by those under 21.

Democratic state Senator Rosalyn Baker told that they for years are struggling with smoking with various means and raising smoking age is considered an effective measure along with increasing cigarette taxes. Complex approach is the thing that really works.

She pointed out that opposers of anti-smoking initiatives argue that people under 21 may serve military but will have no right to buy cigarettes. Rosalyn Baker replied that providing young people a choice to have lung cancer is a bad choice.

This week  Governor David Ige  is going to make a final decision on the bill after reviewing it.

In most states in the USA the legal smoking age is 18, while some states estblished an age of 19. A number of large cities and counties, including New York, already raised smoking age to 21. California and Washington plan to follow this example in coming months.

Data by  the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids demonstrates that each year in Hawaii smoking kills 1,400 people and costs $526 million in medical bills. 95% of current smokers started to use cigarettes before 21. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that in the USA, use of cigarettes is the cause of 480,000 deaths annually.

Specialists claim that increasing age to buy tobacco to 21 would help to significantly reduce smoking-related diseases in the entire country.

The majority of Americans do support the idea of raising smoking age. Today only 18% Americans smoke. It is a significant drop compared to 42% in 1964.

Less Smokers Reported in the USA

Smoker

New data released by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention demonstrates that in 2013 in the USA the number of adult smokers achieved a record low level.

Today only 17.8% smoke which makes 42.1 million adult Americans. Health experts say that numbers of today are a great progress since 18.1% smoked in 2012 and 20.9% in 2005.

Dr. Tim McAfee, director of the agency’s Office on Smoking and Health, says that though latest data is encouraging still a lot of work should be done to reduce smoking rates even more.

The number of daily smokers reduced from 80.8% in 2005 to 76.9% in 2013. Also the number of cigarettes smoked daily is reduced from 16.7 in 2005 to 14.2 in 2013.

As to the rate of smokers who use less than 10 cigarettes per day, the number is increased from 16.4% in 2005 to 23.3% in 2013. According to Brian King, a senior CDC scientific advisor, if a smoker reduces number of cigarettes he normally uses it will have not significant benefits on health.

The report by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also reveals that smoking rates among youth achieved lower level in 2013 declining from 14% to 12.7% among high-school students, and from 3.5% to 2.9% of middle-school students. From 2000 the number of high-school students who smoke was reduced from 28%, and the number of middle-school students was reduced from 11%.

Experts are worried that e-cigarettes are becoming popular among youth. Thus their use was increased from 1.5% to 4.5% among high-school students. As to adults, report showed that 1.9% of adult Americans currently use e-cigarettes.

Anti-smoking activists demand the introduction of the Affordable Care Act which will help to provide coverage for tobacco cessation treatment, including medication. and counseling. However, it is not clear if there will be approved smoking cessation medication called Zonnic for covered medication. It is a product by Reynolds American Inc.

Indiana has Highest Smoking Rates in the USA

Smoking

In the course of fifty years many things may happen. Thus 50 years ago there was no Internet but smoking was cool and more than 40% of Americans smoked.

In January 1964, the American surgeon general  Luther Terry released the first government report saying smoking causes a number of diseases. It was expected that people would refuse from smoking and it would disappear in future.

However, people continue to smoke even if they know the effects of it. Numerous studies do connect smoking to lung disease, heart problems, breast cancer and other health problems,

The surgeon general is expected to release a report at the end of the week with a review of past 50 years and recommendations for the next 50 years.  According to Dr. Stephen J. Jay, a professor of public health and medicine at the Indiana University School of Medicine and the Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, today there are 43 million smokers in the USA.

If  Luther Terry, the author of 1964 report, was alive today he would have been surprised at how many people still smoke. Michael Terry, the son of  Luther Terry, say that his father would be disappointed. Luther Terry died in 1985. When he released his report his son was in high school.

About 19% of American adults smoke and Indiana is in top 10 for the percentage of smokers. More pregnant women in Indiana smoke in comparison with the rest of the country.

High court should affirm smoking ban

Smoking kills, and so does secondhand smoke.

Ohio voters in 2006, whether out of concern for health risks or disgusted by cigarette smoke encroaching on dinner, passed an indoor smoking ban in workplaces, including bars and restaurants, intended to spare employees from the risk of breathing in secondhand smoke.

According to a recent report from the U.S. Surgeon General, any exposure to tobacco smoke, whether direct or secondhand, can cause immediate cell damage to your body.

Even so, many establishments flout the indoor smoking ban, preferring instead to take their chances with a possible fine.

The Supreme Court of Ohio is the highest court in the U.S. state of Ohio, with final authority over interpretations of Ohio law and the Ohio Constitution.

The Supreme Court of Ohio is the highest court in the U.S. state of Ohio, with final authority over interpretations of Ohio law and the Ohio Constitution.

Now, one bar owner’s challenge has made its way to the Ohio Supreme Court, and Gov. John Kasich’s two-year budget removes all funding for enforcement — what little there is — by 2013.

The case in question headed to the high court involves Zeno’s Victorian Village in Columbus, which has racked up thousands in fines levied by the Ohio Department of Health. The bar claims enforcement of the ban unreasonably tramples on property rights, and that it is discriminatory because individual smokers have not been cited, according to Cox News Service.

Zeno’s is represented by the 1851 Center for Constitutional Law, whose executive director said, “Local taverns are not public property, and owners of these properties have a right to decide how their indoor air is used, just as potential patrons have a right to freely enter or exit.”

We agree patrons can choose to eat or drink somewhere else. Polls show the ban has greater support among Ohioans now than when it took effect in 2007, and that since then smoking rates across the state have declined slightly.

We don’t have a problem with citing smokers found to be in violation of the ban. However, the place of business, whether it be a bowling alley, restaurant, lodge or bar, sets the rules. It is responsible for posting anti-smoking signs and to not hand out matches and ash trays — in some cases plastic cups of water — to its patrons.

But it’s a stretch to argue that property rights extend to the air we breathe. It is not a business’ right to knowingly permit an easily preventable health risk to its employees or patrons, otherwise food service workers would not be required to wash their hands. The government has long regulated such establishments as it relates to public health and sanitation. The risk of secondhand smoke should be no different.

An overturning of the indoor smoking ban in Ohio would be a costly mistake in terms of public health and future medical costs. But, we share in the optimism of the American Cancer Society of Ohio, whose spokeswoman Marianne Farmer told Cox News Service that her organization is pleased the case has reached the state’s highest court. They, and we, too, expect a ruling upholding the law.

And with an affirmation of the ban, we urge Kasich to adequately fund Ohio’s Quit Line to help smokers kick the habit as well as enforcement efforts to ensure businesses obey the law to protect workers across the state.