Tag Archives: smoking
The chief at Aberdeen International Airport has decided to establish a special airside smoking zone at the busy airport to enable smokers to use a cigarette before boarding their planes.
The smoking zone was opened to the travellers on May 9, along with the major departure area, for customers who have been processed through security and are awaiting their flights. The smoking zone was set up after over 400 people who participated in a review in 2012 said they would like to see an airside facility established at the airport.
An airport spokeswoman mentioned: “It is created to lower the number of full terminal evacuations. Many such evacuations are created when travellers smoke in prohibited areas, activating the smoke alarms at a cost of a lot of money per evacuation and leading to major disruption and delays.
“Unexpectedly, even 59% of non-smokers who participated in the study said they backed an airside smoking zone.”
She added: “Since that review was done the airport team have been working on the task, to guarantee it is accessible, compliant and secure, and on May 9 the facility was presented to the passengers for the first time – before the planned timescale. It is hoped that the smoking zone will also, as an added benefit, encourage travellers to spend more of their airport visit staying in the departure area, reducing instances of smoking before the terminal building.”
But the spokeswoman also explained: “Those people who try, they will pay a fee of £1, with the money being used to support the maintenance and servicing of the facility.”
Kevin Douglas, the Terminal Operations Manager at Aberdeen International Airport, said: “The smoking zone was created in accordance with Scottish legislation, and of course is compliant from a safety and security viewpoint. We are a securely controlled and regulated business, and establishing smoking airside area must agree with it tight controls.
“We hope that the facility will be well received by our clients and will minimize or remove the difficulty related to smoking in a restricted area, such secondhand smoke.”
New York celebrated 10th anniversary of smoking ban public places such as bars and restaurants
On March 27, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg celebrated 10th anniversary of smoking ban public places such as bars and restaurants.
“Ten years ago when New York City banned smoking in restaurants and bars, many forecasted the end of the hospitality, restaurant and tourism industries,” Bloomberg stated.
Critics of the step anticipated smoking ban would harm the restaurant and bar earnings, but the Health Department review said there are now some 6,000 more restaurants and bars in New York than there were ten years ago.
The New York’s Smoke-Free Air Act became operative a little over a year into Bloomberg’s first term as mayor in 2003 and banned smoking inside bars, restaurants and most office buildings.
The following year, New York began offering free nicotine replacement therapy to smokers attempting to stop smoking and in 2011 extended the smoking ban to the New York’s parks and beaches.
As outlined by the review unveiled on March 27, the percentage of adult smokers decreased by about a third to 13% in 2011 from 19 % in 2002. The review, published by the city’s Health Department, also said the percentage of youths aged 18 who smoke slipped by about half to 9%.
Bloomberg’s period, which will end in 2013, has been marked by his efforts to boost New Yorkers’ health by trying to stimulate them to eat less salt, trans fats and calories in general, among other actions.
A week later, Bloomberg released his strategy to demand stores to hide cigarettes and tobacco products from tobacco displays, reasoning that would protect youth from advertising efforts.
Some store proprietors and tobacco companies have criticized the strategy as unnecessary extra regulation that would break the free speech provision of the U.S. Constitution.
Bloomberg also suggested a minimum price of $10.50 for a cigarette pack in order to some smokers would find smoking too costly to keep. The two bills are now before the city council.
Ronald Bayer, a professor of public health at Columbia University, called Bloomberg’s health projects a “major achievement” and said his attempts to make smoking less socially appropriate were an effective and legitimate use of his office.
He said it remains at question how much further government could go to discourage smokers to stop smoking.
After several smoking ban laws in the last decade have been frequently forgotten about by Greeks, who use tobacco products more than any other European country, the government has promised yet another attack and said it will introduce stricter checks in public areas.
The Health Ministry’s General Secretary, Christina Papanikolaou has released a circular calling for the improvement of checks at public places by inspectors responsible for the enactment of the law launched in 2010 that was quickly broken almost everywhere with no enforcement.
The new trend of inspections is predicted to deal with opposition from entrepreneurs who argue that the smoking ban will affect business amid the ongoing financial crisis, the same arguments they make every time Greece passes alleged smoking bans.
In November 2012, the Council of State decided that the ban was in line with Greek law and the Constitution, after 150 business owners and the Panhellenic Federation of Restaurants and Related Professions filed an appeal against it.
In spite of that, the law remains broken and non-smokers have no alternative when they go into public places, including hospitals, where people pretty much smoke anywhere they want.
Public workers, such as those in post offices and government buildings, as well as police, doctors, and bus drivers also light up without be concerned about being checked or fined. Members of Parliament also freely use cigarettes in the building where they passed the ban, neglecting their own law. There was no word on whether inspectors would try to stop smoking, check on them, or fine them at the same time those in other public places could be fined.
According to the Lower House of the Russian Parliament, it has passed the strictest anti-tobacco bill in Europe in the third final reading.
Beginning with this summer smoking will be banned in public buildings or on playgrounds; tobacco ads will not be allowed; and it will be prohibited to put cigarette packs on display in shops. The lawmakers appear to have made the decision to protect children and non-smokers by implementing very strict rules on Russian smokers. The deputies want smoking to develop into unfashionable and high-priced.
Smokers will have time to adjust to the changes since all the rules will become operative slowly. Some prohibitions will be operative right away, while others will take about a year to become effective, Sergei Zheleznyak, Deputy Speaker of the Lower House of Parliament clarifies.
“Starting with July 1st, 2013, after it is accepted by the Federation Council and is signed by the President, the bill will become effective. Smoking areas will be removed from government and municipal buildings and children’s, medical, sports, and religious institutions. Beginning with July 1st, 2014, smoking areas will disappear from railway stations and airports. Nevertheless, special designated places for smoking will be established no less than 15 meters away from transport infrastructure buildings. Additionally, there will still be an opportunity of establishing smoking areas in office buildings, but they would have to be outfitted with convenient ventilation systems. A full smoking ban in cafes and restaurants will come into effect beginning with the 1st of July of 2014.
Already beginning with May, cigarette packs in Russia will be with pictures of the worst effects of smoking. The anti-tobacco bill will have an effect on everything that has an indirect connection to smoking. Electronic cigarettes will also be prohibited because, based on the lawmakers, such devices indirectly harm human health by appearing as advertisements of smoking. All cigarette advertisements will be prohibited from mass media and the internet. If somebody chooses to include a smoking scene in their film, they would have to prove that it is important for the movie, before it’s permitted in the final cut. All law-breakers who will smoke in public places will be fined: 3000 rubles, or about 100USD.
One of the factors why smoking is so wide-spread in Russia is due to the fact tobacco products are fairly cheap there and the taxes on tobacco are really several times lower than in Europe. The government plans to increase the taxes for tobacco companies and spend the tax money on health needs and the propaganda of a healthy life-style.
Louisiana’s “no new taxes” Gov. Bobby Jindal is now thinking about an increase in the state’s cigarette tax.
Now, Louisiana has 36 cents per cigarette pack – much lower than other states.
Texas and Arkansas both imposed more than a dollar a pack. The national average is a $1.47.
Customers at the Super Discount store in Chalmette claim the tax on cigarettes is already raised.
“How are we going to go on?” said Gwendolyn Carter. “If people want smoking cigarettes, the y should relax and welcome raised prices again. It’s absurd.”
“If they want to increase tax on cigarettes, they should increase the pay raises, too,” said Albert Lavigne.
Faye Chaussy added that cigarettes are harmful for people’s health, but people work hard for their life and the government should not increase taxes on cigarettes.
Just a couple of years ago, Jindal was against a 70% pack increase in the cigarette tax. In 2012, he vetoed a 4 cent tax renewal on cigarettes.
This year the administration is ready to review the situation as part of a broader debate about removing personal and corporate income taxes.
“The government has always said that new measure will be a successful, if it was done in an income neutral way,” Jindal said. “We are ready to take into account other changes as element of a larger efforts to remove the income tax in an income neutral way.”
Anti-smoking advocates point out increased cigarette tax is a good thing.
“As the cigarette tax raises, use actually reduces, particularly among youngsters and people with lower income,” said Tonia Moore, associate director for Louisiana’s Campaign for Smoke-Free Living.
Smokers have mixed reactions on the result of higher taxes.
“If they continue to increase the taxes, smokers will probably quit smoking,” said Chaussy.
“There are a lot of smokers that tried to quit smoking,” said Lavigne. Chaussy confessed that had tried many times, even used the nicotine replacement therapies and that it is difficult to stop everyone from smoking.
Tax reform package of Jindal is predicted to be regarded by lawmakers in the course of the next legislative session.
Four new smoking lounges have been opened in Frankfurt Airport. The new smoking areas are presented in Camel-themed variants.
Japan Tobacco International together with airport operator Fraport has launched four Camel-branded smoking lounges in the new Pier A-plus at Frankfurt International airport terminal one. The launch of the lounges is the second one after the launching of the first JTI smoking lounge in T1 transit area B in August. The Frankfurt airport now offers 220sq m of smoking areas for about 12m smoking transit travelers annually with an additional five smoking areas fixed to launch soon.
JTI consumer and trade marketing vice-president worldwide duty free Ming Lee Foo told DFNIonline: “The long-term collaboration with Fraport began with smoking stations, developed into cabins. It has been a productive collaboration.
Ming Lee Foo added that the great factor for the airport is that they can offer great areas for smoking travelers which present around a fifth of the traveling population.
Japan Tobacco International general manager and vice-president worldwide duty-free business David Francis commented: “The smoking lounge idea turned out to be a win-win option for every person. Smoking people can get pleasure from a cigarette break in a specified place, while non-smokers can appreciate a smoke-free atmosphere. Because of this Frankfurt airport is recognised for its devotion to passenger service.”
Concerning responsibility for the service-sponsoring principle, which was given to Fraport subsidiary Media Frankfurt GmbH, Media Frankfurt general manager Simone Schwab stated: “It has been chosen this idea to fulfill the requirements of all travelers. While smoking is normally not allowed in terminals, specially designated smoking lounges are the excellent option for smokers and non-smokers. Smoking lounges are especially vital in transit places for connecting travelers.”
Frankfurt airport first launched smoking lounges for adult smoking people in 2005 determined by the JTI idea and based on the supplier it has kept pace with all JTI developments in the field since. It today brings together a select set of airports offering travelers with an improved smoking atmosphere before boarding, including Dubai, Geneva, Moscow and Munich.
Smoking will be banned in restaurants, bakeries, coffee stores and bars with a surface place of 150 square metres or larger in South Korea beginning from December 8, the Ministry of Health and Welfare.
Indoor as well as outdoor places of public buildings such as hospitals, libraries, government offices and commercial complexes will as well be specified as smoke-free zones, the ministry stated.
The modification to the National Health Promotion Act was supported at the Cabinet meeting.
“The government has determined to enforce stricter regulations on smoking as it identified limits in defending the public health with the existing laws,” the ministry stated.
Starting from December 8, about 80,000 restaurants should announce themselves as smoke-free eatery areas and determine a separate area for smoking customers. For those who breach the law, the government will enforce fines varying from 1.7 million (US$1,560) to 5 million won depending on the amount of breaks.
Not only restaurant keepers but also clients will be fined 100,000 won if they light up outside specified smoking places, officials said.
Smokers may have to look for smoking areas whenever they enter public buildings as the new legislation bans smoking even in their parking lots, rooftops and gardens.
The new legislation requires building keepers to set up a smoking area outside and 10 metres away from the entrance of their buildings.
The new smoking ban also contains prohibition of the use of names mentioning flavours added to cigarettes. Cigarette makers should take away words like menthol, mojito, cherry, aroma, coffee and apple mint from tobacco products, also as of this Saturday. Cigarette makers in Korea said they got tips from the Ministry of Health in November and changed the names of current flavoured tobacco products.
“We will adopt the government’s new law by modifying the names of flavoured tobacco products,” stated an official at KT&G.
Among mounting calls for bettering public health and a clean environment, the Korean government has been broadening smoking-ban guidelines in recent years, while preserving the price of cigarettes considerably lower than other developed countries.
The government intends to prohibit smoking in small restaurants with areas larger than 100 square metres in 2014 and to all restaurants, irrespective of size, in 2015.
Smoking in internet cafes will also be banned starting in June 2013.
City Council of Burlington enacted a modification to the city’s smoking ordinance on November 20, successfully prohibiting smoking in premises next to restaurants starting with December 1.
During the council meeting’s public hearing on the proposed ordinance modification, six individuals spoke in support of the additional law, and recommended city councilmen on taking steps against secondhand smoke.
In June, city staff created a modification to a city ordinance that aimed at the spread of cigarette smoke from building to building, but that first draft was determined to be too difficult to implement.
In November this year, interim city attorney Charles Bateman implemented a new variant of the proposed modification, which would remove smoking in establishments next to restaurants in strip malls.
As outlined by North Carolina state law, smoking is already banned in restaurants. The new modification will help ensure smoke from nearest businesses won’t move into restaurants.
Cole lives in Elon and is the owner of The Tuscany Grille at 3557 S. Church Street in Burlington for seven years. On November 20, he told councilmen that in the past year, since an Internet sweepstakes businesses relocated in next door, moving smoke has lost him patronage.
Four people supported Cole’s story, stating they liked the food but couldn’t be in the premise with cigarette smoke.
“If it was any other restaurant, I would not be coming back again,” said Suzanne Blalock of Whitsett. She said that during the last two months, she said 15 people who got out of the restaurant due to the smoke.
“We’ve been visiting this restaurant for three, four years and the food and atmosphere was excellent there,” said Ann Castagna of McLeansville. But, she said, she’s gone to the restaurant less often since the smoke-causing business relocated near the restaurant.
The implemented modification will ban smoking in “enclosed places to which the public is invited or allowed when such enclosed places are situated within a building or structure which houses multiple tenants and such enclosed place is situated right next to a restaurant situated within the same structure.”
At the moment in Burlington, there are 108 restaurants that are straight away to other businesses. And there around 160 adjoining tenants whose businesses will now have to be tobacco-free, or released references for noncompliance.
Though some who spoke during the public hearing desired the City Council to regulate even tougher on secondhand smoke, recommending prohibiting smoking on pavements or in city parks, Owen responded that the rule won’t contain the space of pavement in front of affected businesses.
The fire department and city staff will inform the businesses situated next to restaurants, and therefore affected by the changed rule, before it becomes operational beginning December 1, 2012.
While around a quarter of the 2.4 billion people who travel by airplanes yearly are smokers, smoking bans have limited where these tourists are able to smoke, especially once through passport control when they can move around less easily.
Airports in some cases offer designated smoking places but too often they are badly constructed, located and ventilated. Nevertheless, JTI has modernised smoking place thinking by building the smoking lounge concept – desirable design and comfortable areas combined with state of the art ventilation.
Smoker and non-smoker benefits
JTI’s existing portfolio of smoking establishments catches the interest of over 200,000 smokers per day all over the world. This obviously shows the real need for a practical solution to smoking in public places.
The advantages have been valued by smokers and non-smokers, according to David Francis, the head of Worldwide Duty Free at JTI. “It’s easy to comprehend why smoking lounges are held in high regard by smokers to get pleasure from a pleasant escape from the stress of travel,” he describes.
He represents these lounges as an exceptional example of fair-minded regulation, displaying JTI’s belief that it is possible to create win–win options for smokers in public areas.
JTI’s first smoking room was launched at Zurich Airport in 2002. And there are now over 300 smoking longes throughout the world. This number raises every year.
At the centre of the JTI smoking room is highly developed ventilation that extracts smoke and introduces fresh air. The whole room design is built around reducing the possibilities for smoke to move and to avoid odour.
Smoking rooms welcome adult people who smoke into beautifully developed, modern places with comfy seats. Another advantage is the location of smoking rooms, nearer to airport facilities such as duty-free shops, bars and restaurants. The solution is customized to each individual airport and its adult tourists’ needs.
David says JTI is very assured in the future of the smoking room concept: “We are ready to talk about and |create partnerships with any global airport determined by the same spirit of cooperation that characterizes all our projects.”
Airports will continue to be transited by millions of people searching for places where they are allowed to smoke. Not only are smoking rooms extremely important for travellers, they have become an important service for airports themselves. With over 20 percent of smoking travellers being impacted with their choice of airports by the provision of smoking lounges, airports must remain competitive in this extremely fast-paced environment.
“We’ve never stood still. We’ve become significantly innovative, seeking ways to offer adult smokers what they want and expect from us” concludes David.
About one in five smokers persisted to smoke cigarettes being in the hospital, an observational research in a large urban hospital displayed.
Generally, 18.4 percent of patients who lighted up before admission as well said that they smoked cigarettes during their inpatient stay, even though almost two-thirds were provided nicotine patches, as outlined by Susan Regan, PhD, of Harvard Medical School in Boston.
This showed a drop from 25 percent of inpatients who lighted up while hospitalized 10 years earlier, the analysts mentioned in Archives of Internal Medicine.
Hospitals nowadays are demanded to be smoke-free so as to preserve accreditation, but many allow smoking outside by patients, employees, and visitors.
The adverse effects of enabling smoking on hospital grounds contain exposure of patients to cold and wet weather, their absence of accessibility for necessary treatments, and medical compromise such as delays in wound treatment.
To identify the results of efforts by public health regulators and lawmakers to restrict cigarette use in and around medical centers, Regan and colleagues surveyed 5,399 patients n being in Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, a 900-bed teaching hospital, between 2007 and 2010.
The hospital has a system available that offers quitting smoking therapies and nicotine replacement treatment to smoking patients.
Smoking was self-reported at the time of therapies and then two weeks after getting rid of it.
Most of the patients were men (58%) with an average age of 53, and an average length of hospital stay of 5 days. Most patients said that the smoke almost a pack per day.
The average time when participants were observed by tobacco therapists was on day three, at which time 14.9 percent had already used cigarettes between admission and the therapist’s visit.
This early returning to smoking was more typical among participants who announced typically smoking more than 10 cigarettes per day, with an adjusted relative risk of 1.43 (95% CI 1.17 to 1.73) and among those who rated their nicotine cravings as severe (RR 1.15, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.21).
Participants whose stay in the hospital were during the winter months also were less probably to smoke (14.4% versus 19.7%, P=0.007).
Supplemental actions that could be use include extending the smoking ban to all outside locations around the hospital and instituting policies not allowing patients to get away from the hospital.
For example, present suggestions from the Joint Commission consist of quitting smoking as a potential performance step. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the National Quality Forum are probably to name therapy for cigarette addiction as standard.