Tag Archives: smoking
Recently the anti-tobacco youth group Reality Check gave awards to such Hollywood starts as Woody Allen, Leonardo Dicaprio and Johnny Depp, people who promote smoking in movies.
They were called “Shame” by activists.
The organization includes a local chapter from Schenectady, Albany and Rensselaer counties. It analyzed for many years how Hollywood encourages people to smoke.
Reality Check’s International Week of Action gives her annual “Shame” and “Fame” awards one week before official 86th Academy Awards on March 2.
The Shame Award winners are:
1. Actor Johnny Depp, for permitting the famous animated character he voiced in the cartoon “Rango” to smoke cigarettes.
2. Actor Leonardo DiCaprio, for smoking in the movie “The Great Gatsby.”
3. Film director Woody Allen, for exposuring youth to tobacco smoke in his movies.
The Fame Award winners are:
1. Stanton A. Glanz & Jono Polansky of the Smoke Free Movies Network, for protecting children and teenagers from tobacco imagery in films.
2. Walt Disney Studios, for providing family entertainment with a assurance to protecting kids and teens from tobacco imagery.
3. National Association of Attorneys General & The New York State Attorney General’s Office for their work to protect youth from tobacco imagery in movies.
The Motion Picture Association of American told it will not modify its rating system to attribute an R rating when smoking is showed in a movie.
Latest Surgeon General’s Report wrote that young people who see in movies smoking scenes are more likely to smoke in their adult age. Kids and teens who are exposured to smoking on TV are about twice as likely to start smoking as those who get the least exposure.
The anti-smoking young activists consider that movies with smoking scenes should be R rated.
The FDA launches ads with people having wrinkles and yellow teeth in order to show teenagers the effects of long-term smoking. The $115 million anti-smoking campaign is called “The Real Cost” and its main goal is to prevent teenagers from smoking and encourage them to quit.
The campaign starts on February 11 and will last one year. During the campaign will be shown ads in more than 200 markets throughout the USA. Also ads will be shown on MTV, magazines for teens and even social media.
Mitch Zeller, the director of the FDA’s Center for Tobacco Products, told that children are our future, therefore it is important to educate them now about the effects of smoking. Statistics and numbers will not reach them, therefore FDA used visual tools which will reach them easily.
Zeller, who analyzed the anti-tobacco campaign called “Truth”, said that the new campaign is a “compelling, provocative and somewhat graphic way” of attracting the attention of more than 10 million young people that are open to cigarettes.
It was estimated that around 90% of adult people started to smoke by age 18 and more than 700 children under 18 become regular smokers every day.
The FDA intends to reduce by 300,000 number of young smokers within three years. “While most teens understand the serious health risks associated with tobacco use, they often don’t believe the long-term consequences will ever apply to them,” said FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg. The new anti-smoking campaign is focused on things that matter to teenagers, for example, appearence and the desire to be independent.
In two of TV ads teeangers enter a store to buy cigarettes and when salesman says that cigarettes will cost more than they have, the teens give a piece of their skin or a tooth to pay for their cigarettes.
In future the FDA wants to target young adults aged 18 – 24 and people who influence teenagers, including family members, parents and peers.
Researchers say that women’s smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of her daughter becoming hooked on nicotine in adult age.
In the journal Biological Psychiatry recently there were published results of a study that found that females who smoke during their pregnancy are at higher risks of their daughters becoming addicted to smoking later in life.
The researchers used data from a long-term and large project that started in 1959. The author of the research Dr. Laura Stroud told there were used the records of hormone levels and smoking status of 1,086 females. Then researchers examoned their kids (437 boys and 649 girls) and found that girl’s exposure to high prenatal cortisol and maternal smoking resulted in increased nicotine rates in adult age. However, there was found no connection between boy’s exposure to high prenatal testosterone and smoking in adult age.
These findings show the particular vulnerability of girls to long-term negative effects of maternal stress and mother’s smoking during pregnancy. However, researchers cannot say exactly what are the causes for that, but they suggest that possibly the main causes are sex differences in stress hormone regulation in the placenta and adaptation to prenatal environmental exposures.
Besides this, nicotine and cortisol may affect differently developing brains of boys and girls. If girls of smoking women are more likely to become dependent to nicotine, then it becomes a dangerous cycle of intergenerational transmission of nicotine addiction.
It is a well-known fact that smoking during pregnancy has negative effects on the health of an unborn child, which may result in premature birth, cleft lip, low birth weight, and even sudden infant death syndrome.
Is a tobacco-free state, however, there may be made some exceptions for use of tobacco products outdoors near student residence halls. and conference centers.
Use of tobacco products is prohibited indoors and within 10 feet of building entrances.
Smoking is prohibited indoors and near buildings outdoors including Beaver Stadium.
Becomes smoke-free from January 1, 2014. no smoking permitted inside or outdoors on campus, including private vehicles.
Smoke-free state by law.
Tobacco-free from January 1, 2012, except for Native American ceremonies, theatrical productions, some campus retail locations, Nationwide Arena and designated outdoor zones at the Schottenstein Center.
Smoking is prohibited indoors but is permitted in designated private residences or hotel rooms including near building entrances. Sale of tobacco products is prohibited on university grounds.
Smoking is prohibited indoors and within 25 feet of building entrances but is allowed at theater performances, Native American ceremonies, research studies and private vehicles.
Smoking is prohibited indoors and within 25 feet of building entrances, but is permitted in designated areas. University apartment and hotel rooms can be designated smoking areas.
From 2014 Southeast Alabama Medical Center will go smoke-free. It would not be easy for people addicted to nicotine but it is important to meke this step and provide necessary help for people wanting to quit.
A big number of hospitals in Alabama have already adopted similar smoke-free and tobacco-free policies. As to SAMC, it began to fight against smoking back in 2007 when the hospital started to restrict smoking by its workers on its campus. In 2009, the hospital stopped hiring people who smoke cigarettes.
The new smoke-free policy extends to patients and visitors and it touches all forms of smoking including e-cigarettes. Besides this, the policy extends to SAMC’s properties, such as the Neurospine Center, the Southeast Pain Management and Living Well Fitness, and SAMC’s properties in Enterprise, Elba, Troy, Eufaula. The smoking will be prohibited on parking lots and cars parked on any SAMC property.
This year there was opened Alabama College of Osteopathic Medicine as a tobacco-free facility. At the moment on SAMC campus there are only 2 designated outdoor smoking zones which will be eliminared on December 30. Already there are placed no-smoking signs. The new smoke-free policy will be applied by SAMC workers and will be implemented in a quite polite and non-confrontational way.
Smoking is addictive and therefore quitting is hard. Being 100% smoke-free is a natural step in performing the mission to take care of people’s health. This is an obvious and important step. Patients will get nicotine supplements that will help them to fight withdrawal symptoms, These days smoking rates are very high in the USA.
It is a quite natural thing that a health care facility takes care about its patients and prohibits smoking on its campus.
Quitting smoking is a most popular New Year’s Resolution. Everyone knows that smoking is harmful to the body so every year more and more smokers promise to and successfully quit the habit.
Secondhand smoke can cause allergic reactions and asthma in some people and stop healthy development of lungs in kids.
Therefore, smokers should not smoke in the presence of kids and people with health problems.
Also scientists talk about thirdhand smoke. What is it? It is what tobacco smoke leaves on surfaces, upholstery and a variety of porous materials. We may feel thirdhand smoke in the car when someone smoked, in someone’s house or from someone’s clothes.
Like secondhand smoke, thirdhand smoke is connected to allergic reactions, asthmatic symptoms and other physical responses not only in people but also in pets.
Many years the Florida Department of Health has worked to reduce tobacco exposure rates in the state. Now they are concentrated on reduction of tobacco exposure on multi-unit housing, where air containing secondhand and thirdhand smoke can involuntarily be shared by neighbors via ventilation systems, cracks in walls and so on.
Apartments where lived a man who smoked indoors usually have a strong tobacco odor and nicotine discoloration on floors, walls and window which demands great cleaning or replacement before a new man can move in and feel himself comfortable there.
Apartment communities having policies that restrict tobacco use in indoor spaces, are become popular. Such policies do greatly improve air quality and keep maintenance costs down and besides this they reduce the risk of fire.
Experts say that tobacco use among young people in West Virginia is declining, Recently West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources Division of Tobacco Prevention revealed data that demonstrates the percentage of high school students who said they have never used any kind of tobacco products has raised from 20.6% in 2000 to 46.1% in 2013.
Over the same period of ten years, there was a 107% increase in the number of high school students who never have tried to smoke cigarettes.
Dr. Letitia Tierney, State Health Officer and Commission for the Bureau for Public Health says that this data shows that anti-smoking programs and other initiatives by the Bureau of Public Health which help to inform young people about the effects of nicotine are working.
The data revealed today suggests that improvements that were made over the last 10 years are very effective and this is worth celebrating.
Data shows that 18.6% of high school students in West Virginia are smokes while in 2000 there were 38.5% of smokers.
Tierney says it is a great success and attributes it to teenagers that take part in Raze, West Virginia’s tobacco prevention movement. Generally, there are almost 4,000 young people who joined the program with 150 crews in the entire state.
Tierney also says it is a great progress and it is important to keep in mind that nicotine causes addiction. Young people must be informed about the effects of tobacco use before they become addicted.
A new study published in Tobacco Control journal demonstrates that graphic warning labels on cigarette packs resulted in decrease in smoking rates in Canada by 20% in 2009. The authors of the study say that if the USA introdused graphic warnings, it would help to decrease significantly number of smokers in the country.
However, FDA depreciated the health impact of graphic warnings. Based on Canada’s experience, the FDA in 2011 estimated the impact of graphic warning labels on U.S. smoking rates, In August 2012 the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit concluded that the FDA’s analysis performed by the agency has no enough evidence that the graphic warnings are likely to reduce number of smokers.
The authors of the latest study wrote that the model used by the FDA greatly depreciated the actual impact of graphic warning labels. They used statistical methods in order to compare smoking rates in Canada nine years after and nine years before graphic warnings were introduced. Thus they found that in Canada smoking rates greatly decreased after introduction of graphic warnings.
The newest results demonstrate that the potential reduction in smoking rates is 33-53 times greater than that was estimated by FDA. It proves that use of graphic pictures is effective when the talk is about reduction of number of smokers. According to Dr. Huang, the author of the research, these findings are extremely important for the initiative to introduce graphic warnings in the USA.
The Board of Health in Franklin wants to adopt a new tobacco regulation that would increase age to buy tobacco products from 18 to 21. Bruce Hunchard, the Board Chairman, asked to include age limit in new tobacco regulation.
The proposal to limit age for cigarettes purchases came last month from Dr. Lester Hartman of Westwood & Mansfield Pediatrics. He told that the issue is very important because it was estimated that almost 90% of people become smokers before they turn 18.
The first town in the country that increased the age restriction from 18 to 21 is Needham that did it back in 2005. In the MetroWest area around 10 towns have recently increased their tobacco purchase age. During the past years Needham expanded its tobacco control regulations. According to Berns, changes that were made helped to promote tobacco education at the state level.
Department of Public Heath reports that the rate of sales of tobacco to minors in Needham is 79% lower than in other cities.
As you probably know, recently Mayor of New York City, Michael Bloomberg signed a law which increases the legal age limit to 21. Health Department of the New York City cited data from Needham, saying that between 2006 and 2012, there was reduced by 50% number of high school students in town who smoked in the last 30 days. That is the reason why now more cities in the USA want to follow this example.
Franklin Health Director David McKearney told that new tobacco regulation in their town resembles the one in Needham. At the moment Franklin has no comprehensive tobacco control laws.
The details of the regulations were not discussed, but McKearney told that he wanted to include controls for flavored cigars and e-cigarettes. He will consider prohibiting smoking in membership clubs, which are excluded from the state’s Smoke-Free Workplace Law.
Recently in the USA there was made a new study on the effects of graphic health warning labels.
The study was performed by Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies at Legacy and supported by FDA, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
The results of the study showed that use of graphic health warning labels in the USA have positive effects on the population, especially on young people.
The results of the study were published in Nicotine and Tobacco Research and they do confirm the results of several early studies which showed that graphic health warning labels play a significant role in preventing youth from smoking.
In 2009 there was adopted Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act which required the FDA to include new warning labels on cigarette packs and in cigarette ads. In 2011, FDA published a final variant of the rule which demanded that graphic health warning labels to go with 9 new text warning statements. However, the introduction of these warnings was delayed.
This is the fist study which examined the effectiveness of graphic warning images among young adults in the USA. It used data from the Legacy Young Adult Cohort Study to examine the effects of graphic health warning labels on smoking intentions among 4,196 people between 18 — 34.
It was found that 53% of participants said that graphic images made them think about no to smoke cigarettes (40% smokers and 56% non-smokers). More than 23% of non-smokers and more than 10% of smokers said that warning images made them refuse from ciagrttes.
A past study showed that graphic health warning labels could reduce in the USA smoking-related problems by influencing smoking behavior of young adults. Also it demonstrated that both adults and youth are more likely to remember big warnings saying they have stinger impact.
Studies on the graphic health warning labels made in other countries worldwide demonstrated that use of graphic warnings resulted in higher quit smoking attempts and reduced relapse among ex-smokers.