Tag Archives: smoking
Quitting smoking is a most popular New Year’s Resolution. Everyone knows that smoking is harmful to the body so every year more and more smokers promise to and successfully quit the habit.
Secondhand smoke can cause allergic reactions and asthma in some people and stop healthy development of lungs in kids.
Therefore, smokers should not smoke in the presence of kids and people with health problems.
Also scientists talk about thirdhand smoke. What is it? It is what tobacco smoke leaves on surfaces, upholstery and a variety of porous materials. We may feel thirdhand smoke in the car when someone smoked, in someone’s house or from someone’s clothes.
Like secondhand smoke, thirdhand smoke is connected to allergic reactions, asthmatic symptoms and other physical responses not only in people but also in pets.
Many years the Florida Department of Health has worked to reduce tobacco exposure rates in the state. Now they are concentrated on reduction of tobacco exposure on multi-unit housing, where air containing secondhand and thirdhand smoke can involuntarily be shared by neighbors via ventilation systems, cracks in walls and so on.
Apartments where lived a man who smoked indoors usually have a strong tobacco odor and nicotine discoloration on floors, walls and window which demands great cleaning or replacement before a new man can move in and feel himself comfortable there.
Apartment communities having policies that restrict tobacco use in indoor spaces, are become popular. Such policies do greatly improve air quality and keep maintenance costs down and besides this they reduce the risk of fire.
Experts say that tobacco use among young people in West Virginia is declining, Recently West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources Division of Tobacco Prevention revealed data that demonstrates the percentage of high school students who said they have never used any kind of tobacco products has raised from 20.6% in 2000 to 46.1% in 2013.
Over the same period of ten years, there was a 107% increase in the number of high school students who never have tried to smoke cigarettes.
Dr. Letitia Tierney, State Health Officer and Commission for the Bureau for Public Health says that this data shows that anti-smoking programs and other initiatives by the Bureau of Public Health which help to inform young people about the effects of nicotine are working.
The data revealed today suggests that improvements that were made over the last 10 years are very effective and this is worth celebrating.
Data shows that 18.6% of high school students in West Virginia are smokes while in 2000 there were 38.5% of smokers.
Tierney says it is a great success and attributes it to teenagers that take part in Raze, West Virginia’s tobacco prevention movement. Generally, there are almost 4,000 young people who joined the program with 150 crews in the entire state.
Tierney also says it is a great progress and it is important to keep in mind that nicotine causes addiction. Young people must be informed about the effects of tobacco use before they become addicted.
A new study published in Tobacco Control journal demonstrates that graphic warning labels on cigarette packs resulted in decrease in smoking rates in Canada by 20% in 2009. The authors of the study say that if the USA introdused graphic warnings, it would help to decrease significantly number of smokers in the country.
However, FDA depreciated the health impact of graphic warnings. Based on Canada’s experience, the FDA in 2011 estimated the impact of graphic warning labels on U.S. smoking rates, In August 2012 the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit concluded that the FDA’s analysis performed by the agency has no enough evidence that the graphic warnings are likely to reduce number of smokers.
The authors of the latest study wrote that the model used by the FDA greatly depreciated the actual impact of graphic warning labels. They used statistical methods in order to compare smoking rates in Canada nine years after and nine years before graphic warnings were introduced. Thus they found that in Canada smoking rates greatly decreased after introduction of graphic warnings.
The newest results demonstrate that the potential reduction in smoking rates is 33-53 times greater than that was estimated by FDA. It proves that use of graphic pictures is effective when the talk is about reduction of number of smokers. According to Dr. Huang, the author of the research, these findings are extremely important for the initiative to introduce graphic warnings in the USA.
The Board of Health in Franklin wants to adopt a new tobacco regulation that would increase age to buy tobacco products from 18 to 21. Bruce Hunchard, the Board Chairman, asked to include age limit in new tobacco regulation.
The proposal to limit age for cigarettes purchases came last month from Dr. Lester Hartman of Westwood & Mansfield Pediatrics. He told that the issue is very important because it was estimated that almost 90% of people become smokers before they turn 18.
The first town in the country that increased the age restriction from 18 to 21 is Needham that did it back in 2005. In the MetroWest area around 10 towns have recently increased their tobacco purchase age. During the past years Needham expanded its tobacco control regulations. According to Berns, changes that were made helped to promote tobacco education at the state level.
Department of Public Heath reports that the rate of sales of tobacco to minors in Needham is 79% lower than in other cities.
As you probably know, recently Mayor of New York City, Michael Bloomberg signed a law which increases the legal age limit to 21. Health Department of the New York City cited data from Needham, saying that between 2006 and 2012, there was reduced by 50% number of high school students in town who smoked in the last 30 days. That is the reason why now more cities in the USA want to follow this example.
Franklin Health Director David McKearney told that new tobacco regulation in their town resembles the one in Needham. At the moment Franklin has no comprehensive tobacco control laws.
The details of the regulations were not discussed, but McKearney told that he wanted to include controls for flavored cigars and e-cigarettes. He will consider prohibiting smoking in membership clubs, which are excluded from the state’s Smoke-Free Workplace Law.
Recently in the USA there was made a new study on the effects of graphic health warning labels.
The study was performed by Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies at Legacy and supported by FDA, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
The results of the study showed that use of graphic health warning labels in the USA have positive effects on the population, especially on young people.
The results of the study were published in Nicotine and Tobacco Research and they do confirm the results of several early studies which showed that graphic health warning labels play a significant role in preventing youth from smoking.
In 2009 there was adopted Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act which required the FDA to include new warning labels on cigarette packs and in cigarette ads. In 2011, FDA published a final variant of the rule which demanded that graphic health warning labels to go with 9 new text warning statements. However, the introduction of these warnings was delayed.
This is the fist study which examined the effectiveness of graphic warning images among young adults in the USA. It used data from the Legacy Young Adult Cohort Study to examine the effects of graphic health warning labels on smoking intentions among 4,196 people between 18 — 34.
It was found that 53% of participants said that graphic images made them think about no to smoke cigarettes (40% smokers and 56% non-smokers). More than 23% of non-smokers and more than 10% of smokers said that warning images made them refuse from ciagrttes.
A past study showed that graphic health warning labels could reduce in the USA smoking-related problems by influencing smoking behavior of young adults. Also it demonstrated that both adults and youth are more likely to remember big warnings saying they have stinger impact.
Studies on the graphic health warning labels made in other countries worldwide demonstrated that use of graphic warnings resulted in higher quit smoking attempts and reduced relapse among ex-smokers.
Jesse Arreguin, the Councilman of Berkeley City, proposed to prohibit smoking in single-family homes. In her turn, Susan Wengraf, the Councilwoman, was appalled as she supports the proposal to prohibit smoking in multiunit homes.
The major aim is to protect people living in multiunit buildings from secondhand smoke that is considered to have negative effects on health. Residents consider the notion of a single-family-home ban scary. The proposal of Wengraf makes the multiunit ordinance seem reasonable.
Anthony Sanchez, the Arreguin adviser, says that the recommendation is really just a nonactionable subject of future consideration.
Berkeley already has prohibited smoking outdoors in such places as parks, commercial districts and bus stations, and now nonsmokers may walk without inhaling tobacco smoke. Does prohibiting smoking in the workplace, at restaurants and bars mean that work of nonsmoker-rights advocates is already done? No. The job is not done yet.
Therefore, the Berkeley proposal to prohibit smoking in multiunit dwellings is not the first one in Bay Area. Wengraf says that tobacco smoke can enter ventilation systems and spread through a building. But what if does not? What if in the building secondhand smoke does not spread and neighbors does not feel it? So in this case tobacco smoke does not bother others. However, if you smoke in an apartment, you are guilty.
Enter Arreguin, considers that the multiunit ordinance would fall unfairly on residents. Therefore, if the Berkeley City is going to tell what people can do in their own lodgings, it should adopt a ban in any dwelling including single ones.
Arreguin suggests that the ban to be applied if a minor lives in the home or a non-smoker older person. He names it most ambitious smoking ban at private spaces and says it does not matter if you permitted it everyone in the room. However, a man aged 63 cannot stay near a smoker. Cynthia Hallett, the representative of Nonsmokers, says that right now, the policy trend is really for multiunit housing.
In the UK smoking is prohibited in most public places including concert halls, pubs and parts of sports grounds. Now kids want smoking to be banned on the footpaths they use to get to school.
Pupils from Yeo Moor Primary School in Clevedon are discussing with authoroties and teachers the possibility to introduce a bylaw which would prevent people from lighting up cigarettes on paths around their school.
The school is located at Kennaway and many pupils go to school using footpaths from Somerton Road and Central Way. They say they are forced to inhale tobacco smoke from people who are also walking along the path.
In case bylaw will be introduced, it would only be applicable at the beginning and end of the school day when pupils are using the footpaths to go to and from their school. Kids also want to ask to make parks and recreation areas smoke free.
It was Yeo Moor Primary’s school council who raised the question about smoking on footpaths. It was discussed last week on a special meeting with Clevedon Town Council which took place last week. Now the Council is going to discuss the issue with pupils, teachers and governors.
The new Sustainable Communities Act allows town councils to apply changes in the law requested by the community.
Luke Dewberry, a pupil aged 9, said that he is forced to breathe tobacco smoke and it makes his clothes smell. To his opinion, it would be nice to make people stop smoking at footpaths, it would help them lead a healthier life.
School governor Barbara Symes told that the idea which comes from children is perfect one. Kids want to breathe fresh air and she hopes that their voice will be heard by the authorities.
Coast Community College District wants to introduce smoking ban at its three campuses and asks its students and college staff for theirr opinion on the subject. The smoking ban to be voted in spring 2014 and it would touch such colleges as Golden West in Huntington Beach, Orange Coast in Costa Mesa and Coastline, which has campuses in Fountain Valley and Newport Beach.
These days, smoking is banned in OCC and Coastline within 20 feet of a building entrance or window. Andreea Serban, vice chancellor of educational services and technology, said that in 2007 smoking was prohibited in Golden West in all zones of campus except parking lots, The smoking policy of the district would ban not only use of tobacco but also e-cigarettes.
Trustees received a warning from the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges (ACCJC) and after that they began to review board procedures.
While district staff is working over a new smoking policy, trustees asked first to find out opinion of students. Trustee David Grant says that it is very important to know what students say about it and their opinion should be taken into consideration.
Andreea Serban, vice chancellor of educational services and technology, says that the board should delay making decisions, especially until they have decided how to implement the ban if it is approved. He thinks that if you place No-smoking signs at Orange Coast campus, people would accept it.
However, at the moment people smoke by buildings or may sit down next to you and smoke a cigarette. So it is very important to introduce smoking policy on campus.
Coast is not the first community college district in Orange County tp introduce a smoking ban. Different smoking policies do already exist at Orange’s Santiago Canyon College, Santa Ana College and Fullerton College.
However, smokers are against smoking ban at campus. They do understand that secondhand smoke is harmful for people therfore the ban must be comprehensive.
When a worker of Pasco County school, which was opened before July 1996, wants to smoke a cigarette, he must step outside in area specially designated for that. Health Advisory Committee of the district wants to stop that policy. Thus health care professionals of the community have called on the School Board to change such policy to permit older schools to avoid the tobacco-free designation that new campuses operate under.
The committee says about the necessity to provide a good example for young people and school workers must maintain positive adult role models for students. Besides this, it is necessary to protect students from secondhand smoke at any level.
These anti-smoking messages are not new. In August 2011 there was held a seminar on this subject. Also Students Working Against Tobacco explained their opinion in June current year. Student Andrew Gonzalez said the board that students want schools to be 100% free of tobacco and smokers should go off campus. Ideally, if a teacher smokes, the school must help him quit.
The agreements say, that a pre-1996 school can become 100% free of tobacco only with the unanimous vote of its workers. There is no record in the district of any requested votes in the 17 years since the rule came into action.
The employee relations director Betsy Kuhn said that the chance to change the smoking policy generally is good, because it really needs a change. Several districts have prohibited tobacco consumption among school workers.
Some districts, such as Pasco, have even tried to stop hiring people who smoke cigarettes. The concept was dropped in Pasco after finding it unworkable in its food and nutrition department.
Kuhn said that Pasco’s advisory committee provided a number of reasons to take into consideration when discussing a new direction for tobacco-free workplaces. These are not just public places. These are schools and they must go 100% tobacco-free in order to prevent students from using all kinds of tobacco.
New York plans to raise legal smoking age to 21 and besides this to ban dispay of cigarettes in the stores. These anti-tobacco measures to be adopted soon as Michael R. Bloomberg intends to make New York a smoke-free city.
However, authorities of the New York city say that e-cigarettes escape display ban in their city. The opponents and supporters of e-cigarettes, consider that the Mr. Bloomberg choses to revoke a measure that was strongly opposed by a group of retail stores and probably is to meet a serious constitutional encounter.
This week the City Council is going to vote on a number of anti-tobacco measures such as increasing the smoking age from 18 to 21 and ban the sale of discounted tobacco products.
Mr. Bloomberg says that ban of dispaly of tobacco products in stores will help to prevent kids from tobacco marketing and to keep people quitting smoking from chance purchases of cigarettes. However, tobacco retailers said that it would affect negatively their business. Several parts of the bill were also opposed by supporters for e-cigarettes, as they say that nicotine-delivery devices are healthier alternatives to smoking tobacco.
Zoe Tobin, a spokeswoman for the City Council, and Jean Weinberg, a spokeswoman for the Health Department, said that it is evident that the display of tobacco products encourages children and teenagers to smoke, but it is unclear what to do with e-cigarettes, because they rise controversial opinions.
It is expected that FDA will publish this week regulations on e-cigarettes. Greg Conley, the head of the Consumer Advocates for Smoke-Free Alternatives Association, said that the regulation would not affect a law that keeps regular cigarettes out of sight. He said also that the display ban is absolutely unconstitutional.
In 2010, a federal judge rejected a law that imposed tobacco retailers to post horrible images of damage caused by smoking.