Tag Archives: smoking
Nearly 1,000 residents in Southern Tier, New York, showed a change in opinions about the habit of smoking.
These are results of a survey in which participated residents from Steuben, Schuyler and Chemung Counties. The survey showed that the number of people with negative opinion on smoking in public places is getting increased.
So what it means for the community? Change of people’s opinion on the smoking generally reflects a deeper change.
Stacy Hills, head of Southern Tier Tobacco Awareness Coalition, considers that the result of the survey shows that today people are becoming more health conscious. Those modern people want to be healthy and they want their family and friends to be healthy. This fact is proved by data obtained by the reseachers.
At the end of last week the researchers presented their 2015 Tobacco Community Survey. It found that almost three quarters of respondents consider that use of tobacco should be banned in public parks. 80% told that they support the idea of prohibiting smoking at building entrances.
According to Joel Lalone, the author of the survey, people do not want anymore to be exposed to secondhand smoke on playgrounds, parks, outdoor festivals, building entrances. They are aware enough about effects of smoking.
People are changing their attitude not only towards smoking in outdoor spaces but also in indoor spaces. For example, inside the apartments in private housings.
Now the Southern Tier Tobacco Awareness Coalition will spread across the community the information they found in the course of the survey in order to influence the officials to take anti-smoking measures.
A new study found that a great number of young people think that using hookah will not damage their health. However, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that using hookah has the same effects on the body as using cigarettes. But data obtained by the latest study shows that many young people believe the water pipes are a safe alternative to tobacco cigarettes.
During the study the researchers asked young visitors of three hookah lounges in Southern California what they think about using hookah. The respondents were young people aged 18 to 30 and the majority of them answered that they think that hookah is safe and will not harm their health. 47% of them believe that the tobacco smoke gets filtered through the water. Around one-third of young respondents told that they consider that fruits flavors used in tobacco help to detoxify harmful substances which makes hookah smoking safe. 16% believed that there is no nicotine in hookah tobacco and therefore is causes no addiction.
The results of the study are published in the journal Nursing Research and the researchers say that these young people’s beliefs are wrong. According to lead researcher Mary Rezk-Hanna, a nursing doctoral student at the University of California, Los Angeles, these days hookah smoking rates are very high among youth and the researchers wanted to find out the causes of it.
Previous study demonstrated that though use of cigarettes continues to drop, the use of hookah is on the rise, especially among college students. 60% of people participating in the UCLA study told that hookah smoking is a modern way of socializing with friends.
Rezk-Hanna says that the latest study highlights the importance of making more research in the field. Also it is necessary to increase public knowledge about the effects of using hookah, especially among youth.
Previously, Mobile City banned youth from smoking hookah.
A new study found that children of females who smoke cigarettes during their pregnancy and are overweight, are more likely to become obese as toddlers, and remain obese in their teenage. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, during the past years in the USA the rates of obesity have significantly increased among kids and teenagers. Today 1 in 3 young people is obese.
In the course of the study the researchers looked at how children’s body mass index (BMI), changed with time, from first age of their live to age 18. They discovered that being permanently overweight was connected with certain exposures in the womb, and with having asthma and other problems in teenage.
According to Dr. Wilfried Karmaus, studies made in past were studing risk factors for obesity and aftereffects of being obese have focused on weight at one point in time. Karmaus, from the School of Public Health at the University of Memphis in Tennessee, says that the major difference between past and present studies is period of time when the obesity and is consequenses were developing.
The scientists analyzed data obtained from the Isle of Wight birth cohort, located in the UK.
They watched 1,456 kids born January 1989 – February 1990 until they were 18 years old. At ages 1, 2, 4, 10 and 18 they measured kids weight and height. The scientists discovered that BMI’s of grown up children may be divided into groups:
I group – obesity starts very early and may be detected before the age of four years;
II group – kids became obese a little more slowly;
III group – kids were heavy as babies, but had a more normal weight in an older age;
IV group – normal weight throughout childhood.
The study found that early obesity in kids is connected to smoking habit of pregnant mother.
State committee in New Jersey proposed to increase to 21 legal age to buy tobacco products and e-cigarettes. If the proposal will be approved, the law will make New Jersey the first state in the USA who requires this age to buy cigarettes.
Back in 2006 the state increased minimum age to buy cigarettes, cigars and other tobacco products from 18 to 19. However, Joseph Vitale and Richard Codey, who sponsored the law, told that it still does not prevent youth from smoking.
However, some say that young people may not quit smoking but just find other ways to get cigarettes. Health care providers say that the more young people are discouraged from smoking, the healthier the nation will be.
Karen Blumenfeld from Global Advisers on Smokefree Policy says that it is great that the entire New Jersey consiers such a law. Previosly, New York City increased smoking age to 21. Suffolk County changed its law that will come into action in 2015. Numerous studies found that 90% of young people start smoking before 21, therefore the minimum age to buy cigarettes should be increased.
Now the question is how the law will work and who will carry the responsability of breaking it. The representatives of NJ Gasoline-Convenience-Automotive Association are worried about the fact that shop sellers will have to pay penalties for breaking the law. But how thay will determine the age of a person who buys cigarettes? Vitale, chairman of the Senate Health, says that it is necessary to ask for ID.
The committee voted 6-2 to approve the bill, which will be then sent to the full Senate for a vote.
In the USA, the state of New Jersey is on the last place in the rating of states who successfully fight smoking.
The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids has placed New Jersey at the end in the rating of American states which work to protect kids from smoking and tobacco use. It means that New Jersey shows very bad results in protecting kids from smoking and experts do recommend state authorities to reconsider using funds from the 1998 Tobacco Settlement to reestablish the state’s comprehensive Tobacco Control Program, which was removed in 2009.
According to Jill M.Williams, who is professor of psychiatry and chief of addiction psychiatry at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, though New Jersey receives funds from the Tobacco Settlement and gains tobacco-generated revenue of more than $947 million in Fiscal Year 2014, it spends nothing to support tobacco prevention and treatment programs.
Data from other states showed that prevention and treatment programs help to save money on healthcare expenses related to smoking such as lung cancer and heart attacks.
Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids representatives say that in New Jersey each year healthcare costs related to smoking are $317 billion, $967 million of which is covered by the state Medicaid program. To note that Medicaid program offers primary health insurance for people with mental diseases in the USA.
In New Jersey there exist great health differences. It was found that highest smoking rates are registered among poor people and those with menthal disorders. Authorities ignore the need to provide most vulnerable groups with smoking cessation programs and this leads to a number of diseases in them and increase of healthcare costs.
In March 2014 the Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry published an article where was highlighted the need for collaborative efforts in treating tobacco addiction. In order to improve education and access to quit smoking programs mental health services should work in collaboration with government-sponsored tobacco control programs.
50 years ago the American surgeon general, Luther Terry, released the first report that directly connected cigarette smoking to lung cancer and other health disorders.
The report influenced greatly people’s attitude towards smoking, changing it from an acceptable, to inacceptable in the public. According to Kathleen Sebelius, who is secretary of Health and Human Services, since 1964 report success in tobacco control has greatly reduced smoking rate in the general public.
Due to implementation of laws banning smoking, people now may comfortably eat in restaurants without coughing and sneezing, walk in parks without inhaling tobacco smoke, fly in airplanes, walk around malls breathing fresh air.
At the beginning of 2014, current American surgeon general has released a new report on smoking effects called “Health consequences of smoking – 50 years of progress.” A number of studies do suggest that tobacco use continues to be a main cause of a number of diseases in this country. According to the report, total economic impact from tobacco abuse will be $299 billion each year.
Experts are worried by statistics numbers. However, many people take too easy all that information and continue to smoke and modern smokers prefer to buy cigarettes online. Today almost 19% of population in the USA enjoy smoking. Do they know that they harm not only their own health but also of people around? Latest studies demonstrated that secondhand smoke is as hazardous as proper smoking.
When a patient undergoes a treatment, doctors normally recommend him to change health habits, but few of them recommend to totally quit smoking. However, refusal from smoking helps the body to fight a disorder.
In different countries there is a different attitude towards smoking. Take Singapore, that is a very clean country. Smoking in public places is banned here and if you light up in the street, then you will be subjected to a fine or even arrested.
This is a good example to follow, and we have a lot to do in order to eliminate smoking from our lives.
The Northampton Board of Health want to implement new smoking regulations. From June 2014 smoking will be prohibited in city parks, playgrounds, and within 25 feet of city buildings.
The ban includes tobacco, e-cigarettes and marijuana (even for medical purposes). Since 2010 the Board of Health updated for the first time their regulations.
Glenn Colby of Northampton said that individuals who enjoy a smoke out of restaurants, workplace, and even out of their own homes, to be forbidden from that.
At Pulaski park, cigarette butts may be seen right near children’s playground. The Health Department aims to reduce people’s exposure to secondhand smoke.
Secondhand smoke is proved to be as bad as smoking. Besides this, cigarette butts on the ground are bad for the environment. The Board of Health will inform people about the new regulations by posting special no smoking signs. Those who will violate the new law will be subjected to a $100 fine.
Merridith O’Leary, the city’s Public Health Director, said that if there is a complaint of issue, people will know to call there at the Health Departments.
The new law bans sale of tobacco at stores that have a pharmacy, which may affect businesses in city of Northampton. Also each individual who buys tobacco is carded, regardless of how old they look.
Recently the anti-tobacco youth group Reality Check gave awards to such Hollywood starts as Woody Allen, Leonardo Dicaprio and Johnny Depp, people who promote smoking in movies.
They were called “Shame” by activists.
The organization includes a local chapter from Schenectady, Albany and Rensselaer counties. It analyzed for many years how Hollywood encourages people to smoke.
Reality Check’s International Week of Action gives her annual “Shame” and “Fame” awards one week before official 86th Academy Awards on March 2.
The Shame Award winners are:
1. Actor Johnny Depp, for permitting the famous animated character he voiced in the cartoon “Rango” to smoke cigarettes.
2. Actor Leonardo DiCaprio, for smoking in the movie “The Great Gatsby.”
3. Film director Woody Allen, for exposuring youth to tobacco smoke in his movies.
The Fame Award winners are:
1. Stanton A. Glanz & Jono Polansky of the Smoke Free Movies Network, for protecting children and teenagers from tobacco imagery in films.
2. Walt Disney Studios, for providing family entertainment with a assurance to protecting kids and teens from tobacco imagery.
3. National Association of Attorneys General & The New York State Attorney General’s Office for their work to protect youth from tobacco imagery in movies.
The Motion Picture Association of American told it will not modify its rating system to attribute an R rating when smoking is showed in a movie.
Latest Surgeon General’s Report wrote that young people who see in movies smoking scenes are more likely to smoke in their adult age. Kids and teens who are exposured to smoking on TV are about twice as likely to start smoking as those who get the least exposure.
The anti-smoking young activists consider that movies with smoking scenes should be R rated.
The FDA launches ads with people having wrinkles and yellow teeth in order to show teenagers the effects of long-term smoking. The $115 million anti-smoking campaign is called “The Real Cost” and its main goal is to prevent teenagers from smoking and encourage them to quit.
The campaign starts on February 11 and will last one year. During the campaign will be shown ads in more than 200 markets throughout the USA. Also ads will be shown on MTV, magazines for teens and even social media.
Mitch Zeller, the director of the FDA’s Center for Tobacco Products, told that children are our future, therefore it is important to educate them now about the effects of smoking. Statistics and numbers will not reach them, therefore FDA used visual tools which will reach them easily.
Zeller, who analyzed the anti-tobacco campaign called “Truth”, said that the new campaign is a “compelling, provocative and somewhat graphic way” of attracting the attention of more than 10 million young people that are open to cigarettes.
It was estimated that around 90% of adult people started to smoke by age 18 and more than 700 children under 18 become regular smokers every day.
The FDA intends to reduce by 300,000 number of young smokers within three years. “While most teens understand the serious health risks associated with tobacco use, they often don’t believe the long-term consequences will ever apply to them,” said FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg. The new anti-smoking campaign is focused on things that matter to teenagers, for example, appearence and the desire to be independent.
In two of TV ads teeangers enter a store to buy cigarettes and when salesman says that cigarettes will cost more than they have, the teens give a piece of their skin or a tooth to pay for their cigarettes.
In future the FDA wants to target young adults aged 18 – 24 and people who influence teenagers, including family members, parents and peers.
Researchers say that women’s smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of her daughter becoming hooked on nicotine in adult age.
In the journal Biological Psychiatry recently there were published results of a study that found that females who smoke during their pregnancy are at higher risks of their daughters becoming addicted to smoking later in life.
The researchers used data from a long-term and large project that started in 1959. The author of the research Dr. Laura Stroud told there were used the records of hormone levels and smoking status of 1,086 females. Then researchers examoned their kids (437 boys and 649 girls) and found that girl’s exposure to high prenatal cortisol and maternal smoking resulted in increased nicotine rates in adult age. However, there was found no connection between boy’s exposure to high prenatal testosterone and smoking in adult age.
These findings show the particular vulnerability of girls to long-term negative effects of maternal stress and mother’s smoking during pregnancy. However, researchers cannot say exactly what are the causes for that, but they suggest that possibly the main causes are sex differences in stress hormone regulation in the placenta and adaptation to prenatal environmental exposures.
Besides this, nicotine and cortisol may affect differently developing brains of boys and girls. If girls of smoking women are more likely to become dependent to nicotine, then it becomes a dangerous cycle of intergenerational transmission of nicotine addiction.
It is a well-known fact that smoking during pregnancy has negative effects on the health of an unborn child, which may result in premature birth, cleft lip, low birth weight, and even sudden infant death syndrome.