Tag Archives: smokers
When workers in Yellowstone County, Montana, want to smoke during their break, they frequently go outside to a place called “the cave” that is a hole in the wall on the southwest corner of the building.
The room under the skybridge located on North 27th Street has an exit-only door, a can for litter and a place for the fire department to hook up hoses.
The “the cave” is a perfect place for smoking, but it has a disadvantage — secondhand smoke, which enters the offices of other employees via opened windows and ventilation system.
The employees from this building brought the problem to the commissioners’ discussion meeting this Monday. They express a great discontent about their exposure to tobacco smoke.
The commissioners told they will ask county employee smokers to move to other place to smoke. There was proposed to make for them a designated area, located in the city of Billings’ parking garage, across the North 27th Street. They may get there by skybridge, for example.
Commissioner John Ostlund told they will send emails to employees to inform them about the change.
Besides this, there will be removed litter cans behind the courthouse entrance on Third Avenue North, because Commissioners received many complaints from people who are forced to go through clouds of smoke, which they dislike. State’s indoor clean air law.allows commissioners to act against secondhand smoke exposure.
Researchers say that health improvement is not the only benefit of quitting smoking, because recently they found that your wages become higher.
The latest study of American researchers showed that non-smokers are not as wealthy as their colleagues who gave up the habit.
In the research there was used data about tobacco consumption of the US Census Bureau’s population surveys between 1992 and 2011.
The results of the research were published in August by economists at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, they showed that smokers get 80% of what non-smokers make. People who had gave up smoking are paid 5% more than people who have never smoked cigarettes.
The idea that smokers who have left the nicotine habit are paid better has caused a disagreement among people who say that there are many other factors contributing to differences in salary. The attempt to quit smoking is not an easy one and it may take several years. Those who have smoked cigarettes in past and then quit are older than those who smoke at present. It means that former smokers frequently occupy higher posts and respectively get higher wages compared to smokers.
However, there are other reasons why former smokers earn more money. Quitting smoking gives confidence to the man and makes him determined person,
Research economist Melinda Pitts, who conducted the research, said it takes a special individual to quit his smoking habit and there is a higher compensation for quitting the habit than for not starting it. You may probably ask if namely these qualities inherent in special people influenced the amount of wages. Here experts are sceptical.
Peter Hajek, professor of clinical psychology at the Tobacco Dependence Research Unit at Queen Mary University of London replies that this is a kind of misinterpreting a correlation. People who quit successfully smoking are often people with better socio-economic resources in comparison with people who cannot quit smoking.
While around a quarter of the 2.4 billion people who travel by airplanes yearly are smokers, smoking bans have limited where these tourists are able to smoke, especially once through passport control when they can move around less easily.
Airports in some cases offer designated smoking places but too often they are badly constructed, located and ventilated. Nevertheless, JTI has modernised smoking place thinking by building the smoking lounge concept – desirable design and comfortable areas combined with state of the art ventilation.
Smoker and non-smoker benefits
JTI’s existing portfolio of smoking establishments catches the interest of over 200,000 smokers per day all over the world. This obviously shows the real need for a practical solution to smoking in public places.
The advantages have been valued by smokers and non-smokers, according to David Francis, the head of Worldwide Duty Free at JTI. “It’s easy to comprehend why smoking lounges are held in high regard by smokers to get pleasure from a pleasant escape from the stress of travel,” he describes.
He represents these lounges as an exceptional example of fair-minded regulation, displaying JTI’s belief that it is possible to create win–win options for smokers in public areas.
JTI’s first smoking room was launched at Zurich Airport in 2002. And there are now over 300 smoking longes throughout the world. This number raises every year.
At the centre of the JTI smoking room is highly developed ventilation that extracts smoke and introduces fresh air. The whole room design is built around reducing the possibilities for smoke to move and to avoid odour.
Smoking rooms welcome adult people who smoke into beautifully developed, modern places with comfy seats. Another advantage is the location of smoking rooms, nearer to airport facilities such as duty-free shops, bars and restaurants. The solution is customized to each individual airport and its adult tourists’ needs.
David says JTI is very assured in the future of the smoking room concept: “We are ready to talk about and |create partnerships with any global airport determined by the same spirit of cooperation that characterizes all our projects.”
Airports will continue to be transited by millions of people searching for places where they are allowed to smoke. Not only are smoking rooms extremely important for travellers, they have become an important service for airports themselves. With over 20 percent of smoking travellers being impacted with their choice of airports by the provision of smoking lounges, airports must remain competitive in this extremely fast-paced environment.
“We’ve never stood still. We’ve become significantly innovative, seeking ways to offer adult smokers what they want and expect from us” concludes David.
According to the recent study, there are about 852 million smokers in the world. Due to this fact, health experts intend to take more measures in order to eliminate smoking across the world.
Investigators from New York and Atlanta have conducted study that reveals nearly half of adult men in developing countries still smoke tobacco products and women take up cigarettes at a younger age.
In conformity with the study, rates of smoking cessation in most countries are still low.
Gary Giovino, from the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, said more researches and data are needed to introduce efficient anti-smoking policies and treatments all over the world.
“Although 1.1 billion people have been covered by the adoption of the most effective tobacco-control policies since 2008, 83% of the world’s population is not covered by two or more of these policies,” he said.
“Our data achieved a key point for tobacco control, some years after the approval of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, and intensify the necessity for efficient tobacco control.”
Men still top smokers
The research focused on the findings from the Global Adult Tobacco Surveys undertaken 2008 through 2010. The research authors made a comparison of tobacco use and quitting in adults from 14 low and middle earnings countries and used national findings available for the U.S. and UK.
It was revealed that there are more male smokers than feminine – 41% smoking compared to 5% in women. The data was various in different countries, with 60% of Russian men smoking, compared with 22% in Brazil.
The research showed that there was a significant hike in smoking amongst women, particularly those of younger ages. Women in the UK and the U.S. had some of the highest smoking rates amongst women, or 21% and 16% respectively.
Smoking cessation rates were revealed to be very low in GATS countries, with fewer than 20% of adults who had ever smoked in China, India, Egypt and Bangladesh saying they had stopped smoking. The UK and U.S. were among the best countries for quitting smoking ratios.
Sign of the times?
Jeffrey Koplan from Emory University in the U.S. and Judith Mackay from the World Lung Foundation in Hong Kong said tobacco marketing is still threatening and forecast that more youth and women will take up smoking unless great measures are made.
They add: “For instance, in low-income countries, for every $9100 received in tobacco taxes, only $1 was spent on control.”
It appears that afternoon smoking break outside to puff away on cigarettes may be a thing of the past in Singapore, if the government enacts legislation on smoking ban. On Monday the ministry of environment declared that it was promoting a commitment of the smoking ban and expected it would be a reason for many people to give up the addictive habit.
Vivian Balakrishnan, the Minister for the Environment and Water Resources, said to Parliament on Monday that the ministry of environment is “intensively controlling and performing initiatives” to discourage non-smokers and help smokers to quit smoking.
The general long-term aim of the ministry is to eliminate smoking in all public places. The specially designed smoking zones are not touched upon by this measure.
Surprisingly, a majority of population in Singapore consider that the measure will have positive affects for the residents. Even smokers think so.
Graphic designer Chang Hu said that he took up a smoking habit since he was a teenager and I really want to quit. He considers that such strict measure that makes smoking illegal and expensive smoke in public is a good and effective move. He told that not smoking enables him to spend more time doing important things and being with his friends and family who don’t smoke.
The minister pointed out that those aged between 18 and 39 are an important part in the increase of smoking people.
Basing on a current study led by the Health Promotion Board (HPB) in 2010, the ministry said that 14.3 % of the Singaporeans are smokers, a rise of less than 1 % in comparison with the results of the study in 2007.
This year, the ministry intends to extend the number the areas, where smoking ban is applied, to common grounds in residential buildings, sheltered walkways, linkways, overhead bridges, outdoor compounds of hospitals and a five meter buffer zone around bus shelters.
If a person is caught smoking in a prohibited area, he will be fined of $1,000.
Chang said that it is the right measure for the city.
He added that population of Singapore wants a clean and pollution free city, so if there are smokers like he who lights up everywhere, the change wouldn’t happen.
A pioneering study, carried out by the Society of Prevention of Ibermutuamur (accidents and diseases mutual insurance for Social Security professionals) analysed the consumption of tobacco in the working populating during the first months of application of Law 42/2010. This law extended the smoking ban to all enclosed public spaces, including bars and restaurants.
Between 1 July 2009 and 30 June 2011, the development of the percentage of smokers and tobacco consumption in a sample of 413,473 workers of all ages and occupations was assessed. The conclusions are published this month in the journal Revista Española de Salud Pública.
“The results suggest that the enforcement of the law has accompanied a progressive reduction in the percentage of smokers and the consumption amongst the working population” Carlos Catalina-Romero, expert in tobacco-smoking and clinical psychology in Ibermutuamar explained to SINC.
Specifically, the overall percentage of smokers decreased by 5% amongst workers who attended a medical check-up throughout the study period (from 40.3% to 35.3%).
Furthermore, amongst workers who continued to smoke, there was a decrease in the amount of tobacco consumed. This applies to men and women of all ages and occupations.
Catering workers, which are one of the groups protected against exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in the workplace for the first time, are also benefiting from the collateral impact on consumption.
“Our data suggests that progressive strictness of the smoking ban in public places is an extraordinarily useful measure in the fight against the tobacco epidemic in our country” the expert points out. “The most important factors in giving up tobacco are regulatory and fiscal policies”.
Almost 4.85 million Romanians smoke on either a daily basis or occasionally, spending an average of RON 273 (or EUR 62) every month on cigarettes, translating as some EUR 300 million spent every month on cigarettes. Among Romanians aged 15 or over, 26 percent are smokers – an improvement on 2003, when the rate was 35.3 percent, found a recent survey issued by the Romanian Health Ministry. Another 6.5 million Romanians are suffering from passive smoking – at home, or in public places, where smoking is not yet banned.
A little under half of the existing 4.8 million Romanian smokers plan to quit one day, but not in the coming 12 months. One third were reported to lack interest in quitting smoking.
A quarter of Romanian adults over 15 smoke daily, while only 2.4 percent are occasional smokers. Current smokers have 16.6 cigarettes a day, on average.
The bulk of smokers started to smoke between 17 and 19 – 43 percent. 17 percent started to smoke before 15, most of them coming from rural areas.
Most worrying, two thirds of daily smokers have their first cigarette in the first 30 minutes after waking up, and a quarter of these, only 5 minutes after getting out of bed.
Around 40 percent of current smokers made an attempt to quit in the past 12 months.
Most of those who managed to quit smoking said they have done so without counseling – 80.8 percent, while 8.2 percent used a nicotine replacement therapy, 1.4 percent used prescribed drugs and 1.7 percent reverted to counseling.
Meanwhile, tobacco producers reported a drop in the rate of cigarette smuggling in Romania, which went down 13 percent in the first month of 2012, according to Novel.
The Romanian cigarette market is represented by the three international companies – British American Tobacco, Philip Morris, and JTI, which in 2011, contributed some EUR 2.75 billion to the general consolidated budget in excise and VAT.
Passive smoking is one of the critical issues the law governing tobacco control will address once enacted.
According to research, passive smoking can be as dangerous and lead to fatal diseases, including lung and breast cancers; brain tumours; ear, nose, and throat infections and heart disease.
During a session of Parliament last week, most law makers rationalised the health risks to passive smokers as the motive behind banning smoking from workplaces, public spaces, including restaurants, bars and night clubs.
Gedeon Kayinamura said the bill is long overdue as tobacco smoking is among the top causes of deaths in the world, “even more than AIDS, and other diseases”.
According to Dr. Bonaventure Nzeyimana, an expert in Policy Formulation And Tobacco Control, in the Ministry of Health, there are no proper statistics on tobacco-induced deaths in Rwanda.
He, however, observed that there is an increase in tobacco-related diseases in hospitals, and strategies must be laid to discourage people from.
“We must protect women and children,” Dr. Nzeyimana said. “There are husbands who smoke from their living rooms yet there is a child and wife who don’t smoke”.
The bill contains many aspects of tobacco regulation, including advertising. The motion was adjourned to an undisclosed date.
Prices have risen by over 70 percent in ten years, taking the price of a pack from €3.60 to €6.20 for the best-selling Marlboro brand. Only the UK, Sweden and Ireland have more expensive cigarettes. A further 6 percent rise is planned for 2012.
While the total number of cigarettes sold has fallen over the last ten years, data showed a recent rise in cigarette sales. The drug watchdog OFDT (Observatoire français des drogues et des toxicomanies) reported a 0.14 percent increase in 2010.
A report in June from two public health bodies said that the number of daily smokers has risen again in the last five years. The report found that the proportion of daily smokers went up from 28 percent in 2005 to 30 percent in 2010, with women showing the highest rise.
The government hopes to collect an additional €90 million ($124 million) by the end of the year in taxes as a result of the price hike.
Daily newspaper Le Parisien spoke to a number of smokers to find out how they would respond to the price rise. Most of the hardened smokers the paper spoke to said it would not affect their consumption.
“I’ve been smoking for 20 years and I’m not ready to stop or cut back,” said Claire, 47. “I’m not sure this type of measure has an impact. It’s like the shocking images that are on the packets, which make me laugh.”
Brasserie owner Alain agreed. “I’ll continue to smoke as much as before. If I’ve got lung cancer, it’s already there,” he said.
30-year-old Gwenaël thought she might try to cut back a bit on smoking although she was more likely to change how she responded to people who ask for cigarettes in the street. “Given the price of a pack, I’ll be less generous from now on,” she said.
A growing number of Metro Atlanta companies are taking a tough stance on smokers by disqualifying them if they apply for a job.
Even if they’re less than honest on the application, new hires will be tested for tobacco use.
“It is a question on the application,” said Mark Williams, a spokesman for Georgia Power. “All new hires are subjected to a drug screening that will include a screening for tobacco use.”
It’s nothing new for Georgia Power, which adopted the policy in March 2009.
Every job listing includes this note: “Subject to the Georgia Power Company Smoke Free Workplace Policy: You must be free from all tobacco products (including but not limited to cigarettes, cigars, pipes, chew, snuff, patch and/or gum), at least six months prior to applying for this position.”
“It’s really just a way to keep the costs down,” Williams said. “The healthcare costs associated with people who smoke are higher than people who don’t. So this is a way to try to manage that cost for everybody.”
Georgia Power is not alone. It’s becoming the new standard in the healthcare industry.
Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, DeKalb Medical Center and Gwinnett Medical Center all have the same rules for new employees.
It was big news in Texas last week when one of the largest employers in the state, Baylor Healthcare System, announced it would stop hiring people who smoke starting next year.
“Employers can discriminate against you based on your smoking habits,” said attorney Clint David. “Smokers are not a legally protected class, like race or religion. So employers can absolutely base their hiring decisions on whether or not people smoke, and it’s absolutely legal.”
At Georgia Power, if you apply for a position and you smoke, that does not disqualify you forever. If you quit, you can re-apply six months later.