Tag Archives: smokeless tobacco products
Reynolds American Inc. intends to focus more resources on evolving rationalization smokeless tobacco products.
The tobacco company assures that smokeless tobacco products will raise its net profit by 35 percent, the Winston-Salem Journal informs. Daniel Delen, CEO/President, found out few details in the course of a recent talk with analysts, but he said that the tobacco company would launch products in vapor (like electronic cigarettes), nicotine extract items (like lozenges) and nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT) within six months.
Pat Shehan, owner of the Tarheel Tobacco, reported that the company has bounded produced Vuse electronic cigarette brand, alongside Viceroy, smokeless pouches and pellets. While Reynolds is maintaining silence about the products for now, Shehan said that the tobacco brands can be bought by customers at his stores.
Shehan said that he was asked to not display the new products and that is why most of the sales have gone to Reynolds employees. But the news of the products are not announced there.
Delen said that Reynolds American Inc. considers smokeless tobacco as the next move in the company’s becoming “a total tobacco company.” Delen added that the company possesses a wide range of products at various price points, along with changing brands according to preferences of the adult tobacco consumers.
As well, the company represents other smokeless products of Camel series like Camel Crush, Camel Snus and dissolvable Camel film strips, orbs and chew sticks. Delen added that together with their long-term method to transform the tobacco industry and lessen the harm caused by smoking, Reynolds have been working strenuously on developing a pipeline of new smokeless and other product innovation.
Convenience stores say that smokeless tobacco products provide benefit. More and more retail dealers dedicate more shelf space to the items. Jeff Lenard, NACS spokesman, said that now it is possible to see that there are more smokeless products sold in convenience stores as there is more demand for it, largely because of the shame attached to cigarettes or demands where smokers can not light up in certain places.
“It is a developing display landscape. But the question – who buys these smokeless products and what the liability exposure is – still remains unclear. “There is some worry and fault with retail dealers seeing what is best for their stores, but it is expected that consumers will see something more standardized over time,” said Lenard.
Four U.S. senators and health officials from the cities hosting the World Series are urging the baseball players union to agree to a ban on chewing tobacco at games and on camera.
The senators, including No. 2 Democrat Dick Durbin of Illinois, and health officials from St. Louis and Arlington, Texas, made the pleas in separate letters, obtained Tuesday by The Associated Press. The World Series between the Texas Rangers and St. Louis Cardinals begins in St. Louis Wednesday night.
“When players use smokeless tobacco, they endanger not only their own health, but also the health of millions of children who follow their example,” the senators wrote to union head Michael Weiner. In addition to Durbin, the signers were fellow Democrats Frank Lautenberg of New Jersey, Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut and Senate health committee chairman of Tom Harkin of Iowa.
The senators noted that millions of people will tune in to watch the series, including children.
“Unfortunately, as these young fans root for their favorite team and players, they also will watch their on-field heroes use smokeless tobacco products,” they wrote. Smokeless tobacco includes chewing tobacco and dip.
With baseball’s current collective bargaining agreement expiring in December, the senators, some government officials and public health groups like the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids want the players to agree to a tobacco ban in the next contract.
“Such an agreement would protect the health of players and be a great gift to your young fans,” the senators wrote.
Commissioner Bud Selig endorsed the ban in March, but the players union hasn’t committed to one. Weiner, who said in June that a “sincere effort” will be made to address the issue, didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment Tuesday.
Some baseball players interviewed by The Associated Press last month were receptive to the idea, but others viewed a ban as an infringement on their freedom.
Meanwhile, the health officials from St. Louis and Arlington wrote in a letter to Weiner that with tobacco companies banned from advertising on TV, they “literally could not buy the ads that are effectively created by celebrity ballplayers using tobacco at games.”
The officials, Dr. Cynthia Simmons, the Public Health Authority for Arlington, and Pamela Walker, the St. Louis interim health director, urged players in the World Series to voluntarily abstain from using tobacco, in addition to calling for a permanent ban.
The Centers for Disease Control says that smokeless tobacco can cause cancer, oral health problems and nicotine addiction, and stresses it is not a safe alternative to smoking. Despite the risks, the CDC’s most recent survey found that in 2009, 15 percent of high school boys used smokeless tobacco — a more than one-third increase over 2003, when 11 percent did.
ORLANDO, Fla. – An Orlando leader is pushing for more public places in the city to be smoke-free. Supporters of the plan said they’re trying to protect children.
WFTV learned that it is a joint effort between the city and the Orange County Health Department to keep smoking out of public parks.
Each year, officials said more than 56,000 Americans die from second-hand smoke. They said 27 of them live in Orlando, and because of that, some city leaders are working to eliminate smoking at public places in the city.
“We’re talking about parks, schools and universities,”
said Dain Weister of the Orange County Health Department.
City Commissioner Sam Ings will introduce a resolution to the city council on Monday. But because it’s a resolution, even if it’s passed, it will not mean an outright ban on smoking in public places. It will simply give the city the power to urge residents not to smoke.
Last month, the health department started airing dramatic commercials to raise awareness about their cause.
“It’s supposed to get peoples attention, get them talking,” said Weister.
And while some think the action will help, WFTV spoke with some residents, including a smoker, who are not behind it.
“It’s going a little too far,” said smoker Ajay Tyagi.
After investing $100 million in upgrades and a major expansion, the parent company of U.S. Smokeless Tobacco is halting production at its plant on Merrimac Trail.
Altria developed Marlboro Snus to get into the smokeless game. It recently bought U.S. Tobacco, maker of Skoal. Ken Garcia, spokesman for Altria, said the idling was a move to “consolidate” smokeless tobacco production while Altria “evaluates its future needs.”
Garcia said the plant currently has 41 employees. When it closes at the end of October, he said Altria will work to place as many of them as possible at smokeless tobacco facilities in Illinois, Tennessee and Kentucky, as well as two Philip Morris plants in Richmond.
The decision comes just four years after the plant reopened after being closed for years. York County leveraged $350,000 with $320,000 from the state to upgrade the plant.
The building started in 1977 as an engineering facility that worked on high-speed equipment that made cigarettes.
In 1995 operations were moved to Newport News. A year later the York facility began making an Electrically Heated Smoking System, but that flopped and the plant closed in 2004.
County administrator James McReynolds couldn’t pinpoint the financial impact in terms of lost machine and tool tax revenue. In 2006, when plans to reopen the plant were announced, county officials estimated $800,000 in tax revenue.
Last year’s closure of the Yorktown refinery will ultimately cost the county $4 million annually.
Jim Noel, director of York’s Office of Economic Development, said he was unaware of Altria’s plans to close until the announcement was made Wednesday. In his talks with plant executives, they consistently said the plan was to continue to produce Marlboro Snus.
Noel said his goal is to meet with the plant’s personnel and real estate experts to try to find another use or user for the building.
“We’ve got a fantastic facility there,” he said. “It’s a state-of-the-art manufacturing facility.”
Noel conceded it could be tough in the sluggish economy to find another company to take over the building, but he remains optimistic.
“It’s been upgraded to modern standards,” he said. “York County is a wonderful community with a low tax rate with a skilled workforce. I think it would be a wonderful opportunity for another company.”
Garcia said there is no plan to sell the plant.
Every comic series has its top villain, and the world of evil plants is no different.
In her book Wicked Plants:
The Weed that Killed Lincoln’s Mother and Other Botanical Atrocities, Amy Stewart provocatively introduces her choice and ours for the world’s most wicked plant, tobacco, as follows:
“A leaf so toxic that it has taken the lives of 90 million people worldwide … so addictive that it fueled a war against Native Americans, so powerful that it led to the establishment of slavery in the American South; and so lucrative that it spawned a global industry worth over $300 billion.”
Who would have thought one plant could cause so much trouble?
Native to the Americas, tobacco plants now occupy 9.8 million acres of land worldwide, and despite the well-establish threat of heart attack, stroke, emphysema, cancer and other health risks, nearly 1.3 billion people light up a cigarette every day (that’s essentially 1 in every 6 people on the planet).
Nicotine — the substance in snuff, chew tobacco and cigarettes that humans find so addicting — is actually a neurotoxin. The alkaloid, which evolved with tobacco to act as a natural insecticide.
But there is a bit of good somewhere in the tobacco plant. As mentioned in our article on top 10 Super Plants, researchers have recently been able to genetically engineer tobacco plants to remove TNT from contaminated soils.
Bite-size dissolvable “orbs” that look like breath mints and melt in your mouth are the tobacco industry’s latest attempt to fight falling U.S. cigarette sales.
Charlotte is one of two test markets for Winston-Salem-based Reynolds American Inc.’s newest products: dissolvable, smokeless tobacco lozenges that come as orbs, sticks or strips.
The products all contain less nicotine than cigarettes, between 0.5 and 3 milligrams instead of 12 to 15. And, Reynolds spokesman David Howard said, they meet a “societal expectation.”
“There’s no secondhand smoke, no spitting and no cigarette butt litter,” Howard said.
But health officials still worry about the risks of smokeless options. Smokeless tobacco users may not get lung cancer, health experts say, but they risk mouth cancer, gum disease and tooth loss. Prenatal dangers for pregnant women also still exist.
“There are no safe tobacco products,” said Dr. Matt Carpenter, a clinical psychologist and associate professor at the Medical University of South Carolina who’s researching the effect of smokeless products on smoking habits.
Huntersville resident Joey Hodge, who’s smoked for almost five years, sees the appeal of smokeless products that won’t be as tough on his lungs or make him smell like smoke. But the 20-year-old isn’t sold on Reynolds’ newest offering.
Researchers have warned of the health risks of electronic cigarettes, increasingly popular among smokers who want to quit the habit or at least smoke less.
E-cigarettes look like the real thing but consist of a rechargeable battery, a cartridge and a mouthpiece. The e-cigarettes are said to have no tobacco, offering an alternative to the nicotine patch or gum.
With the US Food and Drug Administration deciding that e-cigarettes will be labeled as tobacco products and not as drug-delivery devices, manufacturers will be able to sell the products straight to consumers, according to a report published in the latest issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
It was written by Nathan K. Cobb, a pulmonologist and assistant professor at Georgetown University Medical Center and David B. Abrams, an executive director of the Schroeder Institute.
They also said that prominent cigarette manufactures such as Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco are likely to come out with even more sophisticated nicotine inhalers in the future.
They also noted that the cartridge can be replaced by the user giving he or she control over the amount of nicotine put in.
Supporters of the e-cigarette argue that the products help people avoid smoking regular cigarettes.
But scientists and consumer groups have raised concerns about their potential harm to health. The electronic butts produce a propylene glycol mist and include other chemicals which have not been tested properly.
The two authors said there are other substitutes such as nicotine patches and gum, approved by the FDA.
They added that smokers who want to quit can avail of other services such as telephone quit lines, although not starting smoking in the first place is best.
NYU School of Medicine researchers report in a new study that exposure to tobacco smoke nearly doubles the risk of hearing loss among adolescents. The study is published in the July, 2011, issue of Archives of Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery.
“More than half of all children in the U.S. are exposed to secondhand smoke, so our finding that it can lead to hearing loss in teenagers has huge public health implications,”* says Anil Lalwani, MD, professor of professor of otolaryngology, physiology and neuroscience, and pediatrics at NYU School of Medicine, who led the research.
“We need to evaluate how we deal with smoking in public places and at home, as well as how often and when we screen children for hearing loss,” he says.
The dangers of secondhand smoke are well known. Living with a smoker raises the risk of dying from heart disease and lung cancer, and in children exposure to smoke exacerbates the severity of asthma attacks and causes more than 750,000 middle ear infections, according to the American Cancer Society. The new study is the first to link secondhand smoke to hearing loss.
More than 1,500 teenagers aged 12 to 19 participated in the nationwide study. They were selected from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which collects health information from children and adults around the United States. The teenagers were initially evaluated in their homes and then were given extensive hearing tests and blood tests for the chemical cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, at a medical center.
The teens exposed to secondhand smoke, as measured by the metabolite in their blood, were more likely to have sensorineural hearing loss, which is most often caused by problems with the cochlea, the snail-shaped hearing organ of the inner ear. “It’s the type of hearing loss that usually tends to occur as one gets older, or among children born with congenital deafness,” explains co-author Michael Weitzman, MD, professor of pediatrics and psychiatry at NYU School of Medicine.
The study found that teenagers exposed to smoke performed worse across every sound frequency tested, especially mid-to-high frequencies important for understanding speech. In addition, teenagers with higher cotinine levels, indicating greater exposure, were more likely to have one-sided-or unilateral-low-frequency hearing loss. Overall, the researchers conclude that their findings indicate that “tobacco smoke is independently associated with an almost 2-fold increase in the risk of hearing loss among adolescents.“
Over 80 percent of the affected teenagers in the study were not aware of any problem, the researchers reported. “Milder hearing loss is not necessarily noticeable,” says Dr. Lalwani. “Thus, simply asking someone whether they think they have hearing loss is insufficient.”
The consequences of mild hearing loss, which researchers suspect may be due to damage to the ear’s delicate blood supply, are “subtle yet serious,” says Dr. Weitzman. Affected children can have difficulty understanding what is being said in the classroom and become distracted. As a result, they may be labeled as “troublemakers” or misdiagnosed with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder).
Currently, all infants born in the United States are screened for hearing loss; however, there are no guidelines for screening a child’s hearing past the early school years, says Dr. Lalwani. “Those children who are exposed to secondhand smoke,” he says, “need to be regularly screened.”
This work was supported, in part, by grants from the Zausmer Foundation (principal investigators: Drs Lalwani, Liu and Weitzman) and the National Institutes of Health/National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities 5P60 MD000538-06 (investigator: Dr. Weitzman).
*U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2006 [cited 2006 Sep 27].
Available from: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/secondhandsmoke/report
A new study in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research finds that print advertisements for smokeless tobacco products have increased, especially in publications targeting males.
The study focused on 17 nationally circulated magazines, several of which were obtained from a project analyzing magazine ads conducted at the Centers for Disease Control’s Office on Smoking and Health, analyzing the publication of smokeless tobacco advertisements from the time periods 1998-1999 and 2005-2006. In the latter period, 2005-2006, the number of ads increased, and more of the ads contained references to flavored products, and “alternative to cigarette” messages –positioning smokeless products as an alternative product for cigarette smokers.
The majority of ads were placed in male-targeted publications – not surprising as three quarters of new smokeless tobacco users are male. The study found the greatest number of ads in two sports-themed magazines: Field and Stream and Outdoor Life. Both of these magazines have male readership levels of more than 75 percent. “We found the ads commonly portray themes such as masculinity and sociability – a concern given that previous research has shown that youth perceive smokeless tobacco as athletic and masculine,” said lead author Laurel Curry, a researcher with Legacy®, the national public health foundation devoted to keeping young people from smoking and helping all smokers quit.
The study also showed that flavored products were advertised in 86 percent of ads in more mainstream publications such as Entertainment Weekly and Newsweek. This fact, along with the increased number of ads per issue in mainstream magazines in the latter time period, suggests the targeting of current smokers as potential smokeless customers. “We know from tobacco industry document research that the industry has long been developing products and messaging to exploit cigarette smokers; this study provides systematic evidence that these practices have increased in advertising in recent years,” Curry said. And while the Federal Drug Administration recently banned all candy-flavored cigarettes, although not menthol cigarettes, smokeless products were not included in the ban.
Promotion of smokeless tobacco products to smokers has researchers concerned about the public health implications of dual use of smokeless tobacco and cigarettes, which is more common among young adult and adolescent male smokers than among their older counterparts. Dual use may slow the decline in smoking rates or perpetuate nicotine dependence, and could increase health risks above that of single product use.
On a related note, a new partnership from several leading public health groups, including Legacy and the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, seeks to raise awareness of the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use in Major League Baseball. The Knock Tobacco Out of the Park Campaign (http://www.tobaccofreebaseball.org/) is calling for a ban on the use of smokeless tobacco among professional baseball players, managers and coaches at MLB games, Smokeless tobacco, including dip and chew, is already banned at minor league ballparks.
Legacy is dedicated to building a world where young people reject tobacco and anyone can quit. Located in Washington, D.C., the national public health organization helps Americans live longer, healthier lives. Legacy develops programs that address the health effects of tobacco use, especially among vulnerable populations disproportionately affected by the toll of tobacco, through grants, technical assistance and training, partnerships, youth activism, and counter-marketing and grassroots marketing campaigns. The foundation’s programs include truth®, a national youth smoking prevention campaign that has been cited as having contributed to significant declines in youth smoking; EX®, an innovative public health program designed to speak to smokers in their own language and change the way they approach quitting; and research initiatives exploring the causes, consequences and approaches to reducing tobacco use. The American Legacy Foundation was created as a result of the November 1998 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) reached between attorneys general from 46 states, five U.S. territories and the tobacco industry
Ministry of Finance of Russian Federation has repeatedly stated that it intends to raise excise taxes on tobacco products. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin gave such a commission to the agency. It was unknown only a figure. Today, Russian Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin said that the excise tax has been decided to rise by 60%.
“We will strictly implement the concept, approved by the Russian government, on rising of excise taxes and bringing the value of the excise tax on tobacco to the European level. Now thousand cigarettes cost about 270 rubles, and we need to get three thousand rubles per thousand cigarettes. This is a significant growth, so in the next few years we plan to move rapidly to increase the excise tax – to raise the excise tax by 60% in the next year, and then also move to substantial increase “, – Kudrin said during his speech at the plenary session of the Duma.
According to Finance Minister, Russia will have the European level excise taxes by 2015; at that time they will rise by 11 times from the current day. In the near future Ministry of Finance will start working on these issues with other countries that are part of the Customs Union. According to Kudrin, increase in excise taxes will create a competitive environment in the tobacco industry to foreign producers.
Experts say that the increase of excise taxes by 60% will lead to rise in price of one pack of cigarettes, on average, by 26%. This means that the cheapest package will cost more than 60 rubles. Professionals who represent tobacco companies believe that such a sharp jump in prices will trigger influx of “black” cigarettes from China and Kazakhstan.
“The increase in excise taxes by more than 30% clearly leads to increased risks of illegal cigarette market in Russia. We have seen similar actions in Eastern Europe, when excise taxes sharply increased within a very short period of time. This led to the fact that today the illegal market ranges from 20% to 40% in Romania, Bulgaria and the Baltic countries “, – said director of communications of the Japan Tobacco International company, Anatoly Vereshchagin.
Ministry of Finance intends to discourage any desire to smoke at the Russians.
As it was stated by Deputy Minister Sergei Shatalov, excise tax burden on tobacco could rise twice in 2012.
Ministry of Finance plans to maintain this rate of taxation until 2015. In this case, it remains unclear what actually is in question – the amount of excise tax or speed of its increase. Currently, the Finance Ministry estimates the effects of increasing of tax burden, and the government will come to a final decision. If it is positive, then the average price of a pack will be about 60 rubles by 2015.
Tobacco companies, of course, oppose the measures proposed by the Ministry of Finance. They argue that “grey” market of tobacco will be as a result of the tax “pressure” in Russia (today its share is less than 0.5%), and the government will miss the state tens of billions of fiscal revenues. Tobacco producers took Poland and Finland as an argument where a sharp increase in tobacco excise taxes has led to smuggling and counterfeiting up to 40% of the market.
For comparison, a pack of cigarettes in Germany costs about 5 euros, or 200 rubles.