Tag Archives: quitting smoking

Price Effects on Quitting Smoking Motivation

quit smoking

Rising cost of cigarettes in the USA is associated with increases in quitiing smoking. However, little is known about this connection at the level of individual smokers.

The major aim of the study on this issue was to put on a behavioural economic approach to the relationship between the price of cigarettes and the likelihood of quitting smoking.

Who participated in the study?

The total number of participants was 1074 who were above 18 years old and smoked more than 5 cigarettes a day. They filled with personal details special survey estimations which included probability of making a quitting smoking attempt depending on cigarette prices, nicotine dependence and demographics.

What are the results of the study?

The study showed that with prices increase the likelihood of making an attempt to quit smoking resulted an regular increase, with the form of the relationship being similar to an inverted demand curve.  The greatest effect size increases in motivation to make an attempt to quit smoking were in the form of ‘left-digit effects,’

Big differences were also noted among the left-digit effects, suggesting the most important effects were for price changes that were most market relevant. The acuteness of nicotine dependence was connected with price sensitivity, but not for all participants.

What are the conclusions of the study?

The obrained data revela that there exists a connection between cigarette prices and attempts od smoker to get rid of smoking.

Moreover, the study reveals the importance of left-digit price transitions in this relationship, suggesting policymakers should consider relative price positions in the context of tax changes

Many want cutting nicotine in cigarettes

Marlboro Display

Almost 50% of U.S. adult people claim that they back the idea of a federal mandate to minimize nicotine levels, scientists state.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has power under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009 to minimize nicotine in cigarettes, but not to zero. The FDA has not yet acted on this authority.

“The reduction of nicotine could be a guaranteeing method to protect the society from the problems caused by smoking,” lead author Jennifer Pearson, study researcher for the Schroeder Institute, said.

The study provides nationally representative details from a June 2010 study that identified 46.7% of U.S. adults said the FDA should minimize cigarette nicotine levels, which might make smoking cessation easier.

16% stated that the FDA should not modify levels of nicotine in cigarettes and 37.8% abstained from getting their opinion.

Smokers who were thinking about quitting smoking were more probably to back a rule than smokers who are not thinking of stopping smoking. African-Americans, Hispanics and those with lower education levels were especially supportive of nicotine reduction, Pearson said.

“These facts could be useful to FDA in gauging public sentiment and developing its messaging if the agency prefers to advance such rule,” Pearson said.

The Schroeder Institute has formal academic links with The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Georgetown University’s Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center. The Legacy Foundation was produced due to the November 1998 Master Settlement Agreement between 46 states and the tobacco industry.

Holyrood vow to snuff out tobacco habit in Scotland

Cigarettes Display

Smokers could confront tougher limitations on smoking as the Scottish Government intends to extinguish the habit over the next two decades.

On November 26, SNP ministers affirmed plans to release a timetable in 2013 on making Scotland smoke-free.

No details of the date or exact suggestions to reach the goal have been revealed.

Public health experts indicated ministers would have to focus on “distribution networks” such as stores if they want to fulfill the “ambitious but realistic” goal.

Smokers’ group Forest said laws had already gone too far and required an end to people being teased into quitting smoking.

New Zealand has established the target of becoming tobacco-free by 2025 and lately introduced a 40% increase in cigarette taxes over the next 4 years.

In Finland the government has said it plans to eliminate smoking totally by 2040.

It is considered the Scottish Government is supposed to make its tobacco-free goal within the same frame of time.

Scotland was the first country in the UK to introduce a smoking ban in public places in March 2006.

According to the latest data, the percentage of Scots adults smoking dropped from 25.7% in 2006 to 23.3% in 2011.

In 1999, just in excess of 30% of adults in Scotland were smokers.

Professor Gerard Hastings, of Stirling University’s Centre for Tobacco Control Research, accepted the concept of targeting for a tobacco-free country.

He said ministers should examine more limited “distribution networks” for cigarettes.

He pointed to Sainsbury’s, which lately released the elimination of tobacco from sale at six supermarkets in reply to the Scottish Government’s health levy on business rates paid by big shops marketing cigarettes and alcohol.

He said that perhaps tobacco sales will be out of stores altogether, focus it in small stores and train up the staff of small outlets in public health issues so they know what they are working with.”

John Watson, of anti-smoking group Ash Scotland, said that if the Scottish Government establishes a date and declares it wants to be tobacco-free by this date, it will be great. He added that this will actually enhance the idea that Scotland is a leading nation regarding tackling tobacco.”

But Simon Clark, of Forest, said that people are no longer motivated or informed about quitting smoking.

The Scottish Government affirmed the new tobacco strategy to be released in 2013 would include goals for Scotland to be tobacco-free.

A spokeswoman said that the strategy will give attention to prevention, protection and cessation and will also contain both an analysis of quitting smoking services and goals for minimizing smoking across Scotland.”

Smokers Light Up Even in Hospital

Smoking in Hospital

About one in five smokers persisted to smoke cigarettes being in the hospital, an observational research in a large urban hospital displayed.

Generally, 18.4 percent of patients who lighted up before admission as well said that they smoked cigarettes during their inpatient stay, even though almost two-thirds were provided nicotine patches, as outlined by Susan Regan, PhD, of Harvard Medical School in Boston.

This showed a drop from 25 percent of inpatients who lighted up while hospitalized 10 years earlier, the analysts mentioned in Archives of Internal Medicine.

Hospitals nowadays are demanded to be smoke-free so as to preserve accreditation, but many allow smoking outside by patients, employees, and visitors.

The adverse effects of enabling smoking on hospital grounds contain exposure of patients to cold and wet weather, their absence of accessibility for necessary treatments, and medical compromise such as delays in wound treatment.

To identify the results of efforts by public health regulators and lawmakers to restrict cigarette use in and around medical centers, Regan and colleagues surveyed 5,399 patients n being in Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, a 900-bed teaching hospital, between 2007 and 2010.

The hospital has a system available that offers quitting smoking therapies and nicotine replacement treatment to smoking patients.

Smoking was self-reported at the time of therapies and then two weeks after getting rid of it.

Most of the patients were men (58%) with an average age of 53, and an average length of hospital stay of 5 days. Most patients said that the smoke almost a pack per day.

The average time when participants were observed by tobacco therapists was on day three, at which time 14.9 percent had already used cigarettes between admission and the therapist’s visit.

This early returning to smoking was more typical among participants who announced typically smoking more than 10 cigarettes per day, with an adjusted relative risk of 1.43 (95% CI 1.17 to 1.73) and among those who rated their nicotine cravings as severe (RR 1.15, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.21).

Participants whose stay in the hospital were during the winter months also were less probably to smoke (14.4% versus 19.7%, P=0.007).

Supplemental actions that could be use include extending the smoking ban to all outside locations around the hospital and instituting policies not allowing patients to get away from the hospital.

For example, present suggestions from the Joint Commission consist of quitting smoking as a potential performance step. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the National Quality Forum are probably to name therapy for cigarette addiction as standard.

Quit Smoking Using Your Smartphone

Quit With Me is a free social application for iOS (iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch) and Android mobile devices released by DoNoHarm Apps on 9/21/2011. This is the third healthcare/medical app from DoNoHarm Apps, which has previously garnered impressive reviews for its “Pocket” series apps for medical professionals, which include Pocket Derm (a dermatology image database and diagnosis tool) and Pocket Rads (a similar tool for radiology images).

Quit With Me is the first social app to help smokers quit, and is also the first DoNoHarm Apps release available on both major mobile platforms.

Medical app

Medical app

It’s no secret that smoking is harmful. You hear it all the time from friends, family, your doctors. Every day you see Surgeon General’s warnings and anti-smoking commercials. You read news stories about the latest studies implicating tobacco in emphysema, asthma, heart disease, cancer. These are things you already know – you don’t need to hear them again. You don’t need to be scolded, “Why can’t you just quit?” You don’t need to be yelled at, lectured, hypnotized or brainwashed. You need support – not from people who run anti-smoking campaigns, and not from people who don’t smoke. To really quit, you need support from people who have successfully quit smoking or are trying to quit just like you. We believe Quit With Me can deliver that support.

Quit With Me is the first social app to help smokers quit. By inviting buddies to quit with you, you can build a network of support as you chart your own progress towards being smoke-free. Log your daily cigarette use, and then check in on your buddies’ progress. Your friend cut back by 3 cigarettes yesterday? Congratulate them with a free gift! And then try to match their success – hey, a little healthy competition never hurt, especially when it comes to quitting! We believe what goes around comes around. Day by day, the encouragement and support you give your friends will come back to you, and your success will inspire your friends. And in the end, these are the things that matter the most.

Insomnia When You Quit Smoking

People who say they sleep like a baby usually don’t have one.
~Leo J. Burke~

Some people will sleep much more than usual through this phase of cessation, while others have difficulty getting any sleep at all. If you find yourself suffering from insomnia during the first few weeks after you quit smoking, try a few of these natural remedies to ease your discomforts.

Cofe

    Cut out the caffeine. Caffeine is a stimulant. Most people know this, but here’s a fact that is less widely known: caffeine in the body of a smoker is metabolized(digested) at about twice the rate as that of a nonsmoker. The result is a high tolerance to caffeine. When you quit smoking, the amount of coffee or colas you’re used to drinking might now make you very jittery and anxious. Cut back on, or cut out caffeine completely for awhile, especially if you’re having trouble sleeping through the night. Chances are good that once you’re through the withdrawal process, you’ll be able to drink coffee again, though maybe not as much as you used to.

    Having bath

    Take a warm bath. This is one of my personal favorite ways to relax and destress. I recommend it often, and YES, it’s good for the guys too! Light a few candles, use some scented bath salts, and submerge!

Massage

Massage

    Get a massage. Enlist your spouse or other willing pair of hands to help work the stress out of your muscles. If you can get a full body massage, great, but even 10 or 15 minutes spent on your neck, shoulders, face and scalp can really work wonders to relax you to the point of being ready to sleep.

Tea

Tea

    Have a cup of herbal tea. There are a variety of teas on the market today blended specifically to help soothe and promote sleep. Take a look at the tea section in the supermarket, or visit your local health food store and ask for suggestions.

Listening to music

Listening to music

    Listen to some soothing music. Soft, mellow music can go a long way towards relaxing you enough to drift off to sleep. You may want to try listening to a recording of waves hitting the beach – soft sounds can be a very good sleep aid. Make sure you have a player that will turn itself off – you don’t want to have to get up and do it yourself – defeats the purpose!

Glass of milk

Glass of milk

    Have a glass of warm milk. Spice it up with a little honey and cardamom or nutmeg. It could well be that the reason warm milk helps us sleep is due to the fact that it is a food rich in the amino acid L-tryptophan. L-tryptophan helps the body produce neurotransmitters such as seratonin. Neurotransmitters are chemical nerve messengers that tell our bodies to shut down at night, as well as helping us to be fully awake during the day. More of the L-tryptophan in milk gets delivered to your brain when you eat a carbohydrate along with it. No wonder milk and cookies have long been a favorite bedtime snack.

    Other foods containing the amino acid L-tryptophan:
    chicken
    eggs
    turkey
    dairy products…milk, cheese, yogurt
    watermelon
    cashews

    Don’t drink alcohol. It disrupts sleep. Though a few drinks may make it easier to fall asleep initially, a person will often wake up just a few hours into their sleep cycle. Frequently, sleep is then intermittent for the remainder of the night.

    Get some exercise. Even a short 15 minute walk will help, but if you can’t sleep, try getting out for a nice long walk a few hours before bed.

Exersice girl

    Meditate. The value of this exercise is in letting the stress of your day go. Start out by laying quietly, eyes closed, for 5 minutes. When thoughts come, acknowledge them and let them go. Let your mind drift. Build the time up that you do this activity gradually. It’s a terrific way to relax and slow down enough to sleep. Adding meditation to your daily routine will reward you with improved control and calmness throughout your day.

Meditation

Meditation

    Read a good book. Climb into bed and settle in for some reading. It never fails to put me out, usually within the first 5 pages.

    Reading

    Reading

    Avoid naps. While it may feel good to get a bit of sleep in during the day, if you’re suffering from insomnia, you need to skip the naps.

    Sleeping

    Sleeping

    Get up earlier. Another useful technique to help you shift your internal clock so that you’re sleepy come bedtime.

Getting up

Getting up

Remember, the physical withdrawal phase of quitting tobacco is a temporary condition. Your sleep patterns will return to normal soon, providing you didn’t have insomnia before cessation. If symptoms persist beyond the first month or so, schedule a visit with your doctor.

Cigarettes ‘not that hard to quit’? Pffft, say health experts

ANTI-SMOKING advocates were in uproar today after the head of tobacco company Phillip Morris International told a cancer nurse that smoking is “not that hard to quit”.

CEO Louis Camilleri made the claim yesterday at the company’s annual shareholder meeting in New York, FOXNews.com reported.

“Whilst [smoking] is addictive, it is not that hard to quit. There are more previous smokers in America today than current smokers,” he said.

Giving up smoking

Giving up smoking

Mr Camilleri – himself a long-time smoker – made the remarks after Elisabeth Gundersen, a San Francisco nurse, spoke at the meeting about the human cost of smoking and cited statistics that tobacco kills five million people worldwide each year.

Health experts refuted Mr Camilleri’s claims today.

“Our statistics in this country show that, for the most part, our ability nationwide to reduce the number of chronic smokers has hit a roadblock,” he added.

More than 20 per cent of American adults smoke, according to government figures.

“[Mr Camilleri’s] statement continues the tobacco industry’s long history of denying or downplaying the addictiveness and health risks of its products,” Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids president Matthew L Myers told ABC News.

Phillip Morris reiterated its position today that “tobacco products are harmful and addictive”.