Tag Archives: e-cigarettes
Latest 2014 Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey shows that use of cigarettes among school students has declined significantly, but use of e-cigarettes is increased. Data shows that more than a quarter of high school students have tried electronic cigarettes.
Health care officials say that e-cigarettes contain nicotine which causes dependence. This may make young people want to try tobacco products.
The survey shows that the rate of high school students who smoked cigarettes in the past 30 days dropped to 10.6% in 2014. That compares to 18.1% in 2011.
Minnesota Commissioner of Health Ed Ehlinger is happy with these numbers and says this is a great progress which occured due to state efforts to fight smoking among youth. He told that high prices on cigarettes made smoking unaffordable for teens. Also tight regulations work great here such as the requirement to sell tobacco products behind the counter.
However, bad news is that e-cigarettes are popular among young people. In the course of the survey they were asked if they had ever used these divices which were introduced in 2007 to the USA market. It turned out that 28% of high school students have tried an e-cigarette, and 12.9% of students had used one in the past 30 days. E-cigarettes appeared in Minnesota several years ago and since then around 90,000 students have tried them.
16-year-old Cornelia from Minneapolis South High School considers that teens like e-cigarettes because their use can hardly be detected by parents. E-cigarettes are not regulated, thus these devices are being widely used by young people, even on tootball games. Tenns cannot buy tobacco cigarettes but they may buy electronic ones and most frequently they do this from websites or older students. It is easier than it seems.
Latest Youth Tobacco Survey conducted in North Carolina found that fewer middle and high school students in the state are smoking cheapest cigarettes.
The bad news is that more students use other tobacco products and here the talk is about pipes, snuff, hookah and e-cigarettes.
The doctors are worried much about youth interest towards e-cigarettes and significant increase in use of this product. Data shows that in the last two years e-ciagrettes use among teens has more than tripled.
In the course of the survey, the researchers found that 10% of middle school students and 30% of high school students in North Carolina use one or another kind of tobacco product. According to Health Director of Mecklenburg County, e-cigarettes do represent a serious problem when the talk is about youth, because still few studies were made on thir effects on human bodies.
E-cigarettes are sold to young people without any restriction, therefore they start smoking at their early age. Studies demonstrate that 90% of smokers started smoking when they were under 18 and in adult age they already became regular smokers. The earlier people begin smoking, the harder for them is to quit in adult age.
Dr. Marcus Plescia comes with a proposal to prohibit tobacco use on county grounds in order to reduce smoking rates among youth in North Carolina. Mecklenburg County Commission is the body who takes such decisions. At the same time, smokers who want to quit may use QuitLine NC.
Yesterday City Council in Frisco, Texas, voted 3-2 to expand its smoking ordinance in order to protect the health of its citizens. The ordinance bans not only use of regular cigarettes but also e-cigarettes in all city parks.
However, the law would allow to use chewing tobacco, as the authorities did not build a consensus about them. The proposal of extending smoking ban came in February, but council members delayed their decision.
Council Member Scott Johnson feels solicitous about the fact that smoking ban was not extended to parks till now. Today the issue is a priority because health is the proprity.
These days many researchers speak about negative effects of secondhand smoke exposure, especially when the talk is about kids. Children must be protected from inhaling tobacco smoke at sporting events.
Council member Jeff Cheney every day plays in a city park with his three kids and often they are forced to inhale tobacco smoke. The problem of secondhand smoke exposure is very serious. Another problem is cigarette litter. However, chewing tobacco also represents a problem as smokers do spit it on the fields.
With the new anti-smoking ordinance Frisco joins cities of McKinney and Prosper which prohibit smoking in parks. According toAmerican Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation, totally there are 965 cities in the USA that ban smoking in all city parks. But still there are large cities where smoking in parks is permitted, for example, in Dallas.
Councilmen opposing the initiative claim that smoking is a legal activity and in parks should be permitted. They proposed to ban smoking only near playgrounds and seating areas, but the idea was not supported by others. Also some council members wanted to not include e-cigarettes in the ban saying they are safe.
Last week supporters of Smoke-Free Indoor Workplace bill in Alaska told that it’s time to make smoke-free laws work in the entire state of Alaska. At the beginning of the week the proposed smoke-free law got a hearing with the Senate State Affairs Committee at the Capitol in Juneau.
If the law gets approved, it will ban smoking in all indoor businesses, workplaces and public places. People will have to go outside to smoke. The law was proposed by Representative Lindsey Holmes in the House and Senator Peter Micciche in the Senate and is aimed to protect people from secondhand smoke.
American Heart Association, AARP, American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, the Alaska Native Health Board encourage lawmakers to vote for the law as it will help to protect people from effects of secondhand smoke. Today secondhand smoke prevention is an important issue for authorities.
A great number of organizations and businesses already showed their support for the law by signing resolutions that they want statewide smoke-free workplaces.
Health experts say that annually secondhand smoke kills nearly 50,000 people in the USA. It was revealed in 2006 U.S. Surgeon General’s report that even short time exposure to secondhand smoke may have a negative effect on the cardiovascular system. Inhaling of secondhand smoke prevents heart from normal functioning which increases risks for a heart attack.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention, says that short time exposure to secondhand smoke may lead to damage of lining of blood vessels.
The new law will also ban the use of e-cigarettes in indoor spaces, asking smokers to go and smoke it outside for the health of others.
Opponents of the law say that e-cigarettes are safe for surrounding persons, but Marge Stoneking, Alaska Director of the American Lung Association, claims that besides nicotine e-cigarette secondhand aerosol contains heavy metals, tiny particulates and volatile organic compounds, which are risks for lung cancer.
New York plans to raise legal smoking age to 21 and besides this to ban dispay of cigarettes in the stores. These anti-tobacco measures to be adopted soon as Michael R. Bloomberg intends to make New York a smoke-free city.
However, authorities of the New York city say that e-cigarettes escape display ban in their city. The opponents and supporters of e-cigarettes, consider that the Mr. Bloomberg choses to revoke a measure that was strongly opposed by a group of retail stores and probably is to meet a serious constitutional encounter.
This week the City Council is going to vote on a number of anti-tobacco measures such as increasing the smoking age from 18 to 21 and ban the sale of discounted tobacco products.
Mr. Bloomberg says that ban of dispaly of tobacco products in stores will help to prevent kids from tobacco marketing and to keep people quitting smoking from chance purchases of cigarettes. However, tobacco retailers said that it would affect negatively their business. Several parts of the bill were also opposed by supporters for e-cigarettes, as they say that nicotine-delivery devices are healthier alternatives to smoking tobacco.
Zoe Tobin, a spokeswoman for the City Council, and Jean Weinberg, a spokeswoman for the Health Department, said that it is evident that the display of tobacco products encourages children and teenagers to smoke, but it is unclear what to do with e-cigarettes, because they rise controversial opinions.
It is expected that FDA will publish this week regulations on e-cigarettes. Greg Conley, the head of the Consumer Advocates for Smoke-Free Alternatives Association, said that the regulation would not affect a law that keeps regular cigarettes out of sight. He said also that the display ban is absolutely unconstitutional.
In 2010, a federal judge rejected a law that imposed tobacco retailers to post horrible images of damage caused by smoking.
Altria Group Inc. made an announcement that it would create its own variation of e-cigarettes in the second half of 2013 amid signs the battery-powered gadgets, which turn heated, nicotine-laced liquid into vapor, are starting to go sales of regular cigarettes in the U.S., less than 10 years after appearing.
The CDC reports that more than 20% of adult smokers were users of e-cigarettes in 2011.
Altria, which is the manufacturer of popular Marlboro cigarettes and the owner of around half of the U.S. cigarette market, is playing catch-up to smaller competitors. Reynolds American Inc., being the second largest cigarette company, said it intends to broaden distribution of its Vuse e-cigarettes after providing them to test markets recently. Lorillard, which is the third biggest tobacco manufacturer, spent around $135 million a year ago to buy Blu Ecigs, a leading e-cigarette company.
U.S. retail sales of electronic cigarettes presented about $500 million in 2012, about 0.5% of the entire tobacco market, but are set to achieve $1 billion in 2013. Lorillard revealed that first-quarter sales of its Blu Ecigs leaped to $57 million, sequentially growing from $39 million.
Altria said its cigarette volumes dropped 5% in the first quarter from 2012. Lorillard and Reynolds said that e-cigs led to the approximated 6.2% industry decrease in regular cigarettes volumes over the same period, increasing from the typical 3% to 4% drops posted in recent times.
Electronic cigarette users say they choose this product to other smokeless tobacco products as it more closely mimics regular cigarettes.
Smokeless cigarettes have mostly evaded taxes and regulations – including bans in public areas – until now. The only state that presently taxes e-cigarettes is Minnesota, although bills are pending in Oklahoma, Rhode Island and Vermont. At least a dozen states have presented bills to forbid the sale of e-cigarettes to those under 18, according to the National Association of Tobacco Outlets.
The Food and Drug Administration said in January it intended to suggest regulations for tobacco products it doesn’t presently supervise, including cigars and e-cigarettes, by April but has yet to release them. An FDA spokeswoman also said “further research is needed” on the “potential health benefits and risks” of e-cigarettes.
Youngsters to be prohibited from using electronic cigarettes in Italy
Youngsters have been prohibited from using electronic cigarettes in Italy, a world leader in the growing start-up industry.
Last week the health ministry approved an ordinance banning the sale of e-cigarettes to those under 18, the same age limit for tobacco products, modernizing a prior ordinance that set the age limit for e-cigarettes at 16. The health ministry said that the gadgets, despite promoting a safer alternative to regular cigarettes, still surpass acceptable daily levels of nicotine when smoked moderately, citing the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
The ban is set up until October this year when it will require being re-evaluated. Meanwhile, Balduzzi requested further study into the dangers of electronic cigarettes by Italy’s Higher Health Institute. The information was received warmly by Brescia-based electronic-cigarette maker Ovale, which during 2012 has sold over one million gadgets, opened 400 shops and employed 1,000 workers in Italy, leading the world in the strong industry.
In March, France’s Health Minister Marisol Touraine said she had requested a research evaluating the effects of using e-cigarettes.
Electronic cigarettes first appeared in China in 2003 as an alternative to regular cigarettes. It is an electronic inhaler that simulates the act of smoking by producing mist and with the tip of it lighting up.
A number of countries, including Colombia, Panama and Uruguay, have prohibited the smokeless electronic cigarettes, with lawmakers suggesting there was no evidence they helped smokers stop smoking.
Electronic cigarettes, mostly known as e-cigarettes, have recently been advertised as a “safe” alternative to regular cigarettes, however according to the recent study, this extremely popular trend is harmful to overall health of a person. Nowadays about 700,000 people use such electronic devices in order to give up smoking.
E-cigarettes deliver nicotine through a vapor. Although there is no combustion, the nicotine is still derived from tobacco. This way of delivery has been considered to be potentially safer than smoking tobacco products. The electronic cigarettes are brought from China and their nicotine content is not regulated before sale.
According to a research presented at the European Respiratory Society’s annual meeting in Vienna in February, 2012 revealed that an abrupt increase in airway resistance resulting in a lower level of oxygen in the bloodstream in electronic cigarette users. This could have negative effects on those with coronary artery disease who have obstructing plaques in their coronary arteries. The Athens specialists analyzed the effects of the e-cigarettes on 8 people who never smoked, together with 24 smokers -11 with normal lung function and 13 with asthma. The research participants all used an electronic device for 10 minutes. All participants had a sudden jump in airway resistance which was about 10 minutes. It was revealed that the jump was more noticeable in smokers than non-smokers, although the effect seen in people with asthma was less immediate in nature.
The European Respiratory Society smoking cessation guidelines do not recommend the use of electronic cigarettes. It was noted by the Society that some brands of e-cigarettes contain high levels of nicotine which is highly addictive.
According to Dr. Klaus Lessnau, a pulmonary and critical care specialist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, said that “electronic devices are not recommended to quit smoking, there is just some degree of harm reduction compared to regular cigarette use.”
Dr. Lessnau added that there are no full studies to represent the harm from e-cigarettes, but he is sure that the impact on lung cancer will be significant.
In fact, incomplete conclusions can be made from the preliminary results of the small research presented in this article. However, findings from this research do add to growing evidence of the harmful effects of e-cigarettes.
Other methods that can help quit smoking such as nicotine gum, patches, and inhalers are known as nicotine replacement therapy, and are recommended as alternative to electronic cigarettes.
Last week, along with its 2012 first quarter results, Lorillard made the announcement that it would be the first of the big three tobacco manufacturers to enter the e-cigarette game with by purchasing Charlotte, N.C-based blu ecigs.
It’s notable that this move marks not only Lorillard‘s first venture into the world of e-cigarettes–but its first venture into any form of alternative tobacco.
In an earnings conference call, Lorillard chairman, president and CEO Murray Kessler acknowledged that after so many of Lorillard’s competitors had already entered the smokeless and snus game, the Newport name probably couldn’t offer anything new.
The same is not true of e-cigarettes, which Kessler said will allow his company to enter the smokeless market “the Lorillard way.”
Jason Healy, president and co-founder of blu ecigs, said that he sees the acquisition as a positive not only for his company, but for the entire industry. “This is a very exciting time for us and an extremely positive step forward for the electronic cigarette industry, which by nature and age has been lacking a lot of the resources necessary to truly take this product to the next level,” he told Tobacco E-News/CSP Daily News.
While access to Lorillard’s resources will undoubtedly help blu, it’s easy to understand why other e-cigarette manufacturers could be nervous about the move. With the current industry being so fragmented, is this the first step towards a monopoly by the big three tobacco companies? What are the implications for other companies? Will they soon be made obsolete, swallowed up or put out of business by the involvement of larger tobacco companies?
Despite these concerns, the response from other e-cigarette companies–large and small–has been positive.
Sherry Cassaw, managing partner of the Kennesaw, Ga.-based Intellicig USA, said, “It was simply a matter of time before one of the tobacco companies made the move to include e-cigarettes to their product line.”
She added, “It makes sense that tobacco-free products have a future, just like snus and other alternative products have in this market. This merger shows the tobacco companies are recognizing the future of e-cigarettes and do not want to lose out on the e-cig business.”
As for what the news means for her company, Cassaw is confident Intellicig’s products will speak for themselves. “Intellicig is so different from the competition that we welcome the attention the merger will bring to electronic cigarettes,” Cassaw said.
Indeed, many e-cigarette manufacturers at last week’s NATO Show shared Cassaw’s view. Representatives from Northbrook, Ill.-based Fin, Livingston, N.J.-based Logic ecig and Scottsdale, Ariz.-based NJOY all expressed certainty that the boosted competition will simply help weed out inferior products, making the e-cigarette category stronger as a whole.
For their part, blu ecigs executives are excited to have Lorillard on board to help them elevate the image and reputation of the industry.
“I have always said that electronic cigarettes have a tremendous responsibility, and this step will allow us to ensure that we continue to live up to and exceed that responsibility,” Healy said.
The Department of Transportation is proposing to amend its existing airline smoking rule to explicitly ban the use of electronic cigarettes on all aircraft in scheduled passenger interstate, intrastate and foreign air transportation. The Department is taking this action because of the increased promotion of electronic cigarettes and the potential health and passenger comfort concerns that they pose in an aircraft. The Department is also considering whether to extend the ban on smoking (including electronic cigarettes) to charter flights of air carriers (i.e. U.S. carriers) and foreign air carriers with aircraft that have a designed seating capacity of 19 or more passenger seats.
Electronic cigarettes were introduced into the market in recent years. Because of the increasing promotion and availability of electronic cigarettes the issue has been raised as to whether the statutory ban on smoking in section 41706 and existing regulatory prohibition on the smoking of tobacco products in part 252 apply to electronic cigarettes. The Department views the statutory and regulatory ban on smoking to be sufficiently broad to include the use of electronic cigarettes.
Studies show thousands of people use electronic cigarettes daily, and the products generate an estimated $100 million annually in sales. Some are marketed as being permissible in places where cigarette use is prohibited.
Some electronic cigarette companies have claimed that their products are safe because they reportedly do not contain carcinogens or tar or produce second-hand smoke, as there is no combustion in their use. According to these arguments, while the vapor looks and feels, and may taste, like smoke produced by burning traditional tobacco products, its chemistry differs from the smoke produced from burning conventional tobacco products. The principal liquid ingredient is propylene glycol, which is widely used as a moistening food additive and an aid to vaporization. However, some research, conducted on non-asthmatic people, has shown that exposure to propylene glycol mist from artificial smoke generators may cause acute ocular and upper airway irritation, and in a few cases people reacted with cough and slight airway obstruction.