Tag Archives: cigarettes
New York plans to raise legal smoking age to 21 and besides this to ban dispay of cigarettes in the stores. These anti-tobacco measures to be adopted soon as Michael R. Bloomberg intends to make New York a smoke-free city.
However, authorities of the New York city say that e-cigarettes escape display ban in their city. The opponents and supporters of e-cigarettes, consider that the Mr. Bloomberg choses to revoke a measure that was strongly opposed by a group of retail stores and probably is to meet a serious constitutional encounter.
This week the City Council is going to vote on a number of anti-tobacco measures such as increasing the smoking age from 18 to 21 and ban the sale of discounted tobacco products.
Mr. Bloomberg says that ban of dispaly of tobacco products in stores will help to prevent kids from tobacco marketing and to keep people quitting smoking from chance purchases of cigarettes. However, tobacco retailers said that it would affect negatively their business. Several parts of the bill were also opposed by supporters for e-cigarettes, as they say that nicotine-delivery devices are healthier alternatives to smoking tobacco.
Zoe Tobin, a spokeswoman for the City Council, and Jean Weinberg, a spokeswoman for the Health Department, said that it is evident that the display of tobacco products encourages children and teenagers to smoke, but it is unclear what to do with e-cigarettes, because they rise controversial opinions.
It is expected that FDA will publish this week regulations on e-cigarettes. Greg Conley, the head of the Consumer Advocates for Smoke-Free Alternatives Association, said that the regulation would not affect a law that keeps regular cigarettes out of sight. He said also that the display ban is absolutely unconstitutional.
In 2010, a federal judge rejected a law that imposed tobacco retailers to post horrible images of damage caused by smoking.
Lower house of parliament in Russia on Tuesday, October 15, approved the final reading of a bill which tightens anti-smoking legislation in the country by introducing fines for smoking in public places. The initiators of the bill say that it would help to prevent teens and kids from smoking.
The bill is part of a large anti-smoking legislation that came into action in June current year. It establishes fines of around 3,000 rubles ($93) for smoking in public places that have “no smoking” signs. The highest fine is established for smoking in playgrounds. The bill comes into action on November 15 and it also prohibits advertising tobacco products.
Public places where smoking is prohibited include government buildings, cultural places, healthcare and educational facilities, stadiums and public transport. Ban on smoking in trains, restaurants and hotels comes into action the next year.
The law also puts restrictions on display of tobacco products in stores. Sales from retail kiosks will prohibited from June 2014, and there will be established minimum cigarettes prices. These days Russia has cheapest cigarettes in the world and some of them cost 40 rubles ($1.24) a pack.
In April Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said that smoking ban in public places could save up to 200,000 lives every year in the country. Today Russia has the highest rates of smoking in the world.
A new study suggests that hundreds of shops in Scotland will be forced to close and thousands jobs will be lost if the Scottish Government will introduce plain box packaging for cigarettes.
A paper by the Centre for Economics and Business Research (CEBR), supported by tobacco giant Philip Morris which produces Marlboro cigarettes, states that the goverment’s plan would deal a blow to business.
Ministers say they want to introduce new law which prohibits branding of cigarettes. Removing the charm of glamorous packaging will prevent children from taking up a cigarette.
The CEBR paper refers to a study made in Australia which has shown how smokers avoid small shops because it takes too much time to find their favorite brand among identical packages. Thus smokers go to supermarkets to buy cigarettes or to the black market, or abroad.
CEBR head of microeconomics, Oliver Hogan, says that their research reveals that the potential impact of this plain packaging policy may be upsetting for business. In Scotland it is expected a loss of £30 million in tobacco and non-tobacco earnings to small independent sellers and the loss of 700 shops and over 3,200 jobs. .
This will make smokers buy cigarettes on illegal markets, abroad and supermarkets. Thousands of customers will have no patience to wait in a line in a local shop while cashier finds right cigarettes among the plain packs.
These days Scottish government promotes anti-tobacco policy in order to reduce number of smokers in the country. The idea of introduction of plain packaging came from Australia where such law was already adopted.
Scotland is first part in the UK which banned smoking in public places, also there were banned displays of tobacco products in big stores which lead to a lawsuit. Experts say that the same consequences may have the law which bans usage of plain packaging.
Tobacco companies will use European Union law to demand compensation for any losses caused by plain packaging.
Scottish Government representative said that the Government stays devoted to the introduction of plain cigarette packs argumenting that this will be an important step in reducing the number of smokers among teenagers in the country. The main goal of such tobacco control policy is to improve public health.
The CEBR paper suggests that the new law would reduce sales of cigarettes by 4 — 8%.
Cigarettes can turn into even more expensive product in Russia and it will be more difficult to buy tobacco products, the Russian Ministry of Health alerts.
The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests Russia to increase the excise tax on tobacco products more than 5 times, precisely seven times. As outlined by the WHO demands, the standard price for a cigarette pack will be 238 rubles ($7.5) by 2020. Present prices vary from 30 to 80 rubles per pack ($1-3).
Not only regular smokers, but also the Ministry of Finance did not approve the step. The ministry offers to reduce the growth of excise duties after 2016. The math is simple.
One cannot permit a greater gap in retail prices on tobacco products with companions in the Customs Union. As outlined by the Ministry of Finance, such measures will result in the stream of contraband from nearby countries. Agreements on these issues between participants of the Customs Union already occur, and before 2016, the growth rate of excise taxes shall not surpass 25%.
Cigarette volumes have been dropping for many years, but that has not prevented cigarette makers from launching their wallets for advertising and promotion dollars.
As outlined by the Federal Trade Commission, the biggest tobacco firms invested $8.37 billion in 2011 on advertising and special offers in comparison to $8.05 billion in 2010. The boost primarily came from an uptick in investing in price discounts, or discounts paid to cigarette stores so as to lower the price of cigarettes to customers. Particularly, investing in price discounts raised from $6.49 billion in 2010 to $7 billion in 2011.
Price discounts were the greatest investing category in 2011, as it has been annually since 2002.
At the same time, the quantity of cigarettes marketed to bulk suppliers and retail dealers in the USA dropped from 281.6 billion in 2010 to 273.6 billion in 2011.
Cigarette producers have also increased advertising and promotion investing on smokeless tobacco products — from $444.2 million in 2010 to $451.7 million in 2011. Just like cigarette advertising, price discounts form up the biggest investing category for smokeless — making up $168.8 million.
But, in contrast to cigarettes, the vending of smokeless tobacco products is on a rise. The dollar value of sales by tobacco companies went up from $2.78 billion in 2010 to $2.94 billion in 2011. The weight of smokeless tobacco sold increased from 120.5 million pounds in 2010 to 122.7 million pounds in 2011.
The information from the commission’s newest tobacco says, “The Federal Trade Commission Cigarettes Report for 2011″ and “The Federal Trade Commission Smokeless Tobacco Report for 2011.” The FTC has released the cigarettes report regularly since 1967 and the smokeless tobacco report regularly since 1987.
The chief at Aberdeen International Airport has decided to establish a special airside smoking zone at the busy airport to enable smokers to use a cigarette before boarding their planes.
The smoking zone was opened to the travellers on May 9, along with the major departure area, for customers who have been processed through security and are awaiting their flights. The smoking zone was set up after over 400 people who participated in a review in 2012 said they would like to see an airside facility established at the airport.
An airport spokeswoman mentioned: “It is created to lower the number of full terminal evacuations. Many such evacuations are created when travellers smoke in prohibited areas, activating the smoke alarms at a cost of a lot of money per evacuation and leading to major disruption and delays.
“Unexpectedly, even 59% of non-smokers who participated in the study said they backed an airside smoking zone.”
She added: “Since that review was done the airport team have been working on the task, to guarantee it is accessible, compliant and secure, and on May 9 the facility was presented to the passengers for the first time – before the planned timescale. It is hoped that the smoking zone will also, as an added benefit, encourage travellers to spend more of their airport visit staying in the departure area, reducing instances of smoking before the terminal building.”
But the spokeswoman also explained: “Those people who try, they will pay a fee of £1, with the money being used to support the maintenance and servicing of the facility.”
Kevin Douglas, the Terminal Operations Manager at Aberdeen International Airport, said: “The smoking zone was created in accordance with Scottish legislation, and of course is compliant from a safety and security viewpoint. We are a securely controlled and regulated business, and establishing smoking airside area must agree with it tight controls.
“We hope that the facility will be well received by our clients and will minimize or remove the difficulty related to smoking in a restricted area, such secondhand smoke.”
Supermarkets were banned from displaying cigarettes and other tobacco products after new rule became effective on April, 29.
Public Health Minister Michael Matheson states that this step is the “right step” to discourage the younger generation from start smoking.
The open display ban was implemented as part of the Tobacco and Primary Medical Services (Scotland) Act 2010, which will also touch on the sale of cigarettes from vending machines banned.
England, Wales and Northern Ireland have already introduced identical bans to avoid supermarkets from displaying cigarettes and tobacco products.
Stores that do not conform could be charged of a criminal offence or receive a fixed fine from trading standards officers.
“These bans are the right move to avoid teenagers in Scotland from try using cigarettes,” Mr Matheson said.
“It is well known that smoking is related to a variety of disease and is the major preventable cause of ill health. Annually, tobacco consumption is connected with more than 54,000 hospital admissions in Scotland.
“For this reason it is so necessary that this government works to improve health by lowering the amount of people who prefer smoking and evidence demonstrates that adolescents encountered with the advertising of cigarettes are more likely to start smoking.”
The Scottish Government’s Tobacco Control Strategy also supports the launch of standardized packaging.
Vicky Crichton, senior public affairs manager in Scotland for Cancer Research UK, claimed: “The following move is to get rid of all branding from cigarette packs. This would mean an end to the attractive, slickly designed packs that can appeal young adults into considering tobacco isn’t dangerous and would make all tobacco brands look the same.”
The Tobacco Retailers’ Alliance – which refers to more than 26,000 shopkeepers across the UK – has spoken out against the new rule.
TRA Scotland spokesman Geoff Barrett, who is a merchant in Glasgow, explained: “There is still no trustworthy data that launching this ban will prevent youngsters from smoking.
“That’s not really unexpected as we all know youngsters smoke because of peer pressure or because friends or families are smokers.
“Rather than burdening retailers with yet more rules and limitations, the Scottish Government should evaluate the problem of tobacco smuggling, which is very prevalent across Scotland and which is a major source of tobacco for Scotland’s young smokers.
“It also doesn’t make any sense that the UK Government is still considering standardized packaging before this latest restriction on display has even been introduced in Scotland, let alone evaluated.”
Supersmarkets are characterized as those with a relevant floor area exceeding 280 square metres. Smaller retailers have until April 6, 2015 to conform to the display ban.
Altria Group Inc. made an announcement that it would create its own variation of e-cigarettes in the second half of 2013 amid signs the battery-powered gadgets, which turn heated, nicotine-laced liquid into vapor, are starting to go sales of regular cigarettes in the U.S., less than 10 years after appearing.
The CDC reports that more than 20% of adult smokers were users of e-cigarettes in 2011.
Altria, which is the manufacturer of popular Marlboro cigarettes and the owner of around half of the U.S. cigarette market, is playing catch-up to smaller competitors. Reynolds American Inc., being the second largest cigarette company, said it intends to broaden distribution of its Vuse e-cigarettes after providing them to test markets recently. Lorillard, which is the third biggest tobacco manufacturer, spent around $135 million a year ago to buy Blu Ecigs, a leading e-cigarette company.
U.S. retail sales of electronic cigarettes presented about $500 million in 2012, about 0.5% of the entire tobacco market, but are set to achieve $1 billion in 2013. Lorillard revealed that first-quarter sales of its Blu Ecigs leaped to $57 million, sequentially growing from $39 million.
Altria said its cigarette volumes dropped 5% in the first quarter from 2012. Lorillard and Reynolds said that e-cigs led to the approximated 6.2% industry decrease in regular cigarettes volumes over the same period, increasing from the typical 3% to 4% drops posted in recent times.
Electronic cigarette users say they choose this product to other smokeless tobacco products as it more closely mimics regular cigarettes.
Smokeless cigarettes have mostly evaded taxes and regulations – including bans in public areas – until now. The only state that presently taxes e-cigarettes is Minnesota, although bills are pending in Oklahoma, Rhode Island and Vermont. At least a dozen states have presented bills to forbid the sale of e-cigarettes to those under 18, according to the National Association of Tobacco Outlets.
The Food and Drug Administration said in January it intended to suggest regulations for tobacco products it doesn’t presently supervise, including cigars and e-cigarettes, by April but has yet to release them. An FDA spokeswoman also said “further research is needed” on the “potential health benefits and risks” of e-cigarettes.
Youngsters to be prohibited from using electronic cigarettes in Italy
Youngsters have been prohibited from using electronic cigarettes in Italy, a world leader in the growing start-up industry.
Last week the health ministry approved an ordinance banning the sale of e-cigarettes to those under 18, the same age limit for tobacco products, modernizing a prior ordinance that set the age limit for e-cigarettes at 16. The health ministry said that the gadgets, despite promoting a safer alternative to regular cigarettes, still surpass acceptable daily levels of nicotine when smoked moderately, citing the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
The ban is set up until October this year when it will require being re-evaluated. Meanwhile, Balduzzi requested further study into the dangers of electronic cigarettes by Italy’s Higher Health Institute. The information was received warmly by Brescia-based electronic-cigarette maker Ovale, which during 2012 has sold over one million gadgets, opened 400 shops and employed 1,000 workers in Italy, leading the world in the strong industry.
In March, France’s Health Minister Marisol Touraine said she had requested a research evaluating the effects of using e-cigarettes.
Electronic cigarettes first appeared in China in 2003 as an alternative to regular cigarettes. It is an electronic inhaler that simulates the act of smoking by producing mist and with the tip of it lighting up.
A number of countries, including Colombia, Panama and Uruguay, have prohibited the smokeless electronic cigarettes, with lawmakers suggesting there was no evidence they helped smokers stop smoking.
New York celebrated 10th anniversary of smoking ban public places such as bars and restaurants
On March 27, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg celebrated 10th anniversary of smoking ban public places such as bars and restaurants.
“Ten years ago when New York City banned smoking in restaurants and bars, many forecasted the end of the hospitality, restaurant and tourism industries,” Bloomberg stated.
Critics of the step anticipated smoking ban would harm the restaurant and bar earnings, but the Health Department review said there are now some 6,000 more restaurants and bars in New York than there were ten years ago.
The New York’s Smoke-Free Air Act became operative a little over a year into Bloomberg’s first term as mayor in 2003 and banned smoking inside bars, restaurants and most office buildings.
The following year, New York began offering free nicotine replacement therapy to smokers attempting to stop smoking and in 2011 extended the smoking ban to the New York’s parks and beaches.
As outlined by the review unveiled on March 27, the percentage of adult smokers decreased by about a third to 13% in 2011 from 19 % in 2002. The review, published by the city’s Health Department, also said the percentage of youths aged 18 who smoke slipped by about half to 9%.
Bloomberg’s period, which will end in 2013, has been marked by his efforts to boost New Yorkers’ health by trying to stimulate them to eat less salt, trans fats and calories in general, among other actions.
A week later, Bloomberg released his strategy to demand stores to hide cigarettes and tobacco products from tobacco displays, reasoning that would protect youth from advertising efforts.
Some store proprietors and tobacco companies have criticized the strategy as unnecessary extra regulation that would break the free speech provision of the U.S. Constitution.
Bloomberg also suggested a minimum price of $10.50 for a cigarette pack in order to some smokers would find smoking too costly to keep. The two bills are now before the city council.
Ronald Bayer, a professor of public health at Columbia University, called Bloomberg’s health projects a “major achievement” and said his attempts to make smoking less socially appropriate were an effective and legitimate use of his office.
He said it remains at question how much further government could go to discourage smokers to stop smoking.