Category Archives: Tobacco News
A new study published in Tobacco Control journal demonstrates that graphic warning labels on cigarette packs resulted in decrease in smoking rates in Canada by 20% in 2009. The authors of the study say that if the USA introdused graphic warnings, it would help to decrease significantly number of smokers in the country.
However, FDA depreciated the health impact of graphic warnings. Based on Canada’s experience, the FDA in 2011 estimated the impact of graphic warning labels on U.S. smoking rates, In August 2012 the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit concluded that the FDA’s analysis performed by the agency has no enough evidence that the graphic warnings are likely to reduce number of smokers.
The authors of the latest study wrote that the model used by the FDA greatly depreciated the actual impact of graphic warning labels. They used statistical methods in order to compare smoking rates in Canada nine years after and nine years before graphic warnings were introduced. Thus they found that in Canada smoking rates greatly decreased after introduction of graphic warnings.
The newest results demonstrate that the potential reduction in smoking rates is 33-53 times greater than that was estimated by FDA. It proves that use of graphic pictures is effective when the talk is about reduction of number of smokers. According to Dr. Huang, the author of the research, these findings are extremely important for the initiative to introduce graphic warnings in the USA.
The Board of Health in Franklin wants to adopt a new tobacco regulation that would increase age to buy tobacco products from 18 to 21. Bruce Hunchard, the Board Chairman, asked to include age limit in new tobacco regulation.
The proposal to limit age for cigarettes purchases came last month from Dr. Lester Hartman of Westwood & Mansfield Pediatrics. He told that the issue is very important because it was estimated that almost 90% of people become smokers before they turn 18.
The first town in the country that increased the age restriction from 18 to 21 is Needham that did it back in 2005. In the MetroWest area around 10 towns have recently increased their tobacco purchase age. During the past years Needham expanded its tobacco control regulations. According to Berns, changes that were made helped to promote tobacco education at the state level.
Department of Public Heath reports that the rate of sales of tobacco to minors in Needham is 79% lower than in other cities.
As you probably know, recently Mayor of New York City, Michael Bloomberg signed a law which increases the legal age limit to 21. Health Department of the New York City cited data from Needham, saying that between 2006 and 2012, there was reduced by 50% number of high school students in town who smoked in the last 30 days. That is the reason why now more cities in the USA want to follow this example.
Franklin Health Director David McKearney told that new tobacco regulation in their town resembles the one in Needham. At the moment Franklin has no comprehensive tobacco control laws.
The details of the regulations were not discussed, but McKearney told that he wanted to include controls for flavored cigars and e-cigarettes. He will consider prohibiting smoking in membership clubs, which are excluded from the state’s Smoke-Free Workplace Law.
Recently in the USA there was made a new study on the effects of graphic health warning labels.
The study was performed by Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies at Legacy and supported by FDA, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
The results of the study showed that use of graphic health warning labels in the USA have positive effects on the population, especially on young people.
The results of the study were published in Nicotine and Tobacco Research and they do confirm the results of several early studies which showed that graphic health warning labels play a significant role in preventing youth from smoking.
In 2009 there was adopted Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act which required the FDA to include new warning labels on cigarette packs and in cigarette ads. In 2011, FDA published a final variant of the rule which demanded that graphic health warning labels to go with 9 new text warning statements. However, the introduction of these warnings was delayed.
This is the fist study which examined the effectiveness of graphic warning images among young adults in the USA. It used data from the Legacy Young Adult Cohort Study to examine the effects of graphic health warning labels on smoking intentions among 4,196 people between 18 — 34.
It was found that 53% of participants said that graphic images made them think about no to smoke cigarettes (40% smokers and 56% non-smokers). More than 23% of non-smokers and more than 10% of smokers said that warning images made them refuse from ciagrttes.
A past study showed that graphic health warning labels could reduce in the USA smoking-related problems by influencing smoking behavior of young adults. Also it demonstrated that both adults and youth are more likely to remember big warnings saying they have stinger impact.
Studies on the graphic health warning labels made in other countries worldwide demonstrated that use of graphic warnings resulted in higher quit smoking attempts and reduced relapse among ex-smokers.
New York plans to raise legal smoking age to 21 and besides this to ban dispay of cigarettes in the stores. These anti-tobacco measures to be adopted soon as Michael R. Bloomberg intends to make New York a smoke-free city.
However, authorities of the New York city say that e-cigarettes escape display ban in their city. The opponents and supporters of e-cigarettes, consider that the Mr. Bloomberg choses to revoke a measure that was strongly opposed by a group of retail stores and probably is to meet a serious constitutional encounter.
This week the City Council is going to vote on a number of anti-tobacco measures such as increasing the smoking age from 18 to 21 and ban the sale of discounted tobacco products.
Mr. Bloomberg says that ban of dispaly of tobacco products in stores will help to prevent kids from tobacco marketing and to keep people quitting smoking from chance purchases of cigarettes. However, tobacco retailers said that it would affect negatively their business. Several parts of the bill were also opposed by supporters for e-cigarettes, as they say that nicotine-delivery devices are healthier alternatives to smoking tobacco.
Zoe Tobin, a spokeswoman for the City Council, and Jean Weinberg, a spokeswoman for the Health Department, said that it is evident that the display of tobacco products encourages children and teenagers to smoke, but it is unclear what to do with e-cigarettes, because they rise controversial opinions.
It is expected that FDA will publish this week regulations on e-cigarettes. Greg Conley, the head of the Consumer Advocates for Smoke-Free Alternatives Association, said that the regulation would not affect a law that keeps regular cigarettes out of sight. He said also that the display ban is absolutely unconstitutional.
In 2010, a federal judge rejected a law that imposed tobacco retailers to post horrible images of damage caused by smoking.
The marketing of cigarette brands has successfully reached children most of all in low- and middle-income countries.
Study made in 1991 revealed that 91 percent of 6-year-old children surveyed were able to precisely identify Old Joe, the cartoon character representing Camel cigarettes. The figure is equal to the number of children who precisely identified Mickey Mouse and the Disney Channel logo.
Recent study found that efforts of tobacco manufacturers to reach young kids in low- and middle-income countries turned to be effective The results of the study were published online in Pediatrics, Thus the study found that 68% of 2,400 kids aged 5 and 6 from India, Brazil, China, Russia, Nigeria, Pakistan identified correctly at least one cigarette brand logo when playing a matching game created specially for the purpose to see children’s familiarity between logos and objects.
The authors of the study are Joanna Cohen and Dina Borzekowski from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. They say that studies made in past years have demonstrated that children with high exposure to and awareness levels of tobacco marketing are more likely to smoke cigarettes in their adult age.
The authors say that it is necessary to impose stronger regulations of tobacco products in order to better protect kids from cigarettes. They suggest to remove logos from cigarettes packs, change the quantity, location and types of tobacco retailers, and establish minimum distances between the retailers and places which visit young kids. Besides this, the authors suggest changing how onscreen smoking images reach children and alerting parents and guardians to this “mature content” in programming.
After a robacco company bought space at Labour Party conference, Shadow Health Secretary Andy Burnham said that tobacco companies should be banned from advertising at such events. He became angry when he found out that the party has taken money from Philip Morris, the maker of Marlboro cigarettes, which has a stand in the exhibition in Brighton.
Another spot has been sold to the Tobacco Retailers’ Alliance, a group which is against plain packaging. But the policy is supported by the Labour front bench. Mr Burnham said that he would like the conference to be totally tobacco-free and this is his firm position. “My request to the party is to make conference tobacco-free.”
Labour has over and over again accused the Tories who hired the lobbyist Lynton Crosby as a key election adviser and who brought tobacco companies to the heart of Downing Street. Mr Crosby’s lobbying firm is reported to have worked in favour of Philip Morris. He was brought in shortly before the Government cancelled plans to standardise packets.
He denies any statement about conversations with Prime Minister David Cameron on the subject. This week Shadow public health minister Diane Abbott revealed the row at a meeting. “The health team, led by Andy Burnham, did make representations to the party about this and we were not able to get that changed,” she said. “The health team is not happy about that.”
Labour leader Ed Miliband on the recent conference criticized the influence of the tobacco companies on the Government in his introduction to the annual report of the party’s National Executive Council (NEC). “Britain’s children don’t have corporate lobbyists looking after their interests, like the big tobacco companies do.”
Labour members say that permitting any particular organisation to display at the conference does not reflect the party opinions. “The Labour Party exhibition includes stands from a wide range of charities, companies and organisations putting forward their points of view,” a spokesman said. “This does not mean the Labour Party supports the view put forward by the exhibitor.”
A survey conducted in China shows that during past 12 months in Beijing there was significantly dropped number of smokers. Chinese Association on Tobacco Control made a poll in 800 colleges and universities. Today Beijing ranks number two in list of smoke-free cities while in 2011 it ranked number 23.
Xu Guihua, deputy director of the association, said that smoke-free environments in universities and colleges played a big role in smoking rate decrease. During the survey there was examined the number of people actually lighting up, number of butts and ashtrays, anti-smoking signs in the area.
The survey discovered that during past two years there was reduced tobacco use among Chinese. It found that 194 universities and colleges (25%) have introduced tobacco-free campuses. In 2012 only 139 of 800 colleges and universities reached this standard while in 2011 it was just 16. The report showed that more smokers are found among students that study politics and sports, and less smokers among those who study languages and medicine.
Chongqing, Beijing and Shanghai are top 3 cities with tobacco-free campuses, while Fujian, Hainan provinces and the Tibet autonomous region are in the end of list. Association spokesman Suo Chao said that while some Chinese provinces and cities have reached excellent improvement in getting tobacco off campuses, cigarettes are still popular in other areas.
Cigarette butts were found in 67.88% of colleges – this is a reduction by 5.32% decrease from 2011.All universities and colleges are equipped with anti-smoking signs, however, only 56.5% displayed these signs in 2011.
Anti-tobacco ads were found during the survey this year. In 2012, 1.75% showed ads and 2.4% in 2011. Young people aged 18 to 21 were most likely to start smoking cigarettes, There are 300 million smokers in China and 740 million people who are exposed to secondhand smoke.
A study released by the CDC found that Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s campaign “Tips From Former Smokers” made almost 1.6 million smokers try to quit smoking. The results of the study were published in the medical journal, The Lancet.
During the three-month anti-tobacco campaign of 2012, more than 200,000 smokers in the USA had quit cigarettes, among which there was estimated that more than 100,000 will likely quit smoking permanently. The original goal of the campaign was 500,000 quit attempts and 50,000 successful quits.
Thousands of adult smokers and non-smokers participated in a survey before and after the campaign. The results of the survey showed that people who quitted smoking added more than a third of a million years of life to the American. population. The anti-tobacco campaign began on March, 2012, and ended on June 10, 2012.
Federal agency for the first time had created and placed paid ads for a national tobacco education campaign. In the ads participated former smokers who told stories about their life with smoking-related diseases. There was provided a telephone number 1-800-QUIT-NOW for smokers to call for free support and website to access for more information.
CDC Director Tom Frieden said that the results of the study are great. Quitting smoking can be quite difficult and this is the most important step you can take to a healthier living. It may take several attempts to succeed but the result id worth trying.
Theere was found that millions of non-smokers told to their friends and family about risks of smoking. 80% of smokers and 75% of non-smokers said thay saw at least one of advertisements during the three-month campaign. The number of calls to quitline more than doubled during the campaign and visits to the website were 5 times higher than for the same 12-week period in 2011.
The town of Canton is making it harder for its citizens to buy cigarettes. The Patriot Ledger reports, that at the beginning of the week the board of health Canton voted for a new law which raises age to buy cigarettes from 18 to 21 years old.
John Ciccotelli, Canton’s director of public health, said the new regulations are intended to reduce the use of tobacco products by youth. According to a study made by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the majority of underage smokers receive cigarettes from people between the ages of 18 and 21.
However, e-cigarettes escaped this ban as they are considered to be useful for people who want to quit smoking regular cigarettes.
Ciccotelli said that the way the law was written it was a bit of an oversight. E-cigarettes are not yet proved to be safe and people do not really recognize the role that electronic cigarettes have.
The law comes into action from January 1 and it includes a condition that it will be abolished in five years in case it would not be effective. The board of health intends to monitor the regulation’s effectiveness by surveying students in Canton’s public schools.
The opponents of new tobacco regulations say that they would hurt small, local businesses. Steve Ryan, executive director of the new England Convenience Store Association, claims that when one community puts restrictions within its community, and other communities have no these restrictions, this creates economic disadvantage for small businesses.
In the USA tobacco use and heavy drinking are among major causes of preventable diseases. Cigarette taxation is considered one of most important policy tools to reduce smoking among Americans.
Most of all, drinking and smoking occur together. There was made a research on the field which analyzed the effects of cigarette taxation and it found out that cigarettes price increase is linked with modest to moderate reductions in alcohol usage among vulnerable groups of population.
The results of the research will be published in January 2014 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.
Sherry McKee, the author of the research and associate professor of psychiatry at Yale University School of Medicine, said that together heavy drinking and smoking occur in terrifyingly high rates.
Tobacco use can intensify the effects of alcohol and even increase the risk for problematic and heavy drinking. Smokers drink more ofren and more heavily than non-smokers, and are more likely than non-smokers to become alcohol dependent.
Сo-occurrence of drinking and smoking has a particular clinical importance because of evidence that health effects increase with combined against singular abuse of alcohol and tobacco.
Christopher W. Kahler, professor and chair of the department of behavioral and social sciences at Brown School of Public Health, said that drinking and smoking are strongly connected for a number of reasons including corresponding pharmacologic effects, shared genetic associations, shared neuronal pathways, learned associations, common environmental factors. It is possible to fight these habits with pharmacotherapy, behavioral treatments and policy.
Cigarette taxes are considered most efficient tool to fight smoking. Increases in cigarette taxes reduces the number of people who want to start smoking and increases the number of people who want to quit. In other woeds, by increasing the price of cigarettes, taxes are thought to help smokers reduce tobacco use or even quit smoking, and prevent non-smokers from starting to smoke cigarettes.
McKee with her colleagues analyzed data received through interviews with 21,473 alcohol users as part the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a survey made by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
The researchers estimated how increases in cigarette taxes between Waves I (2001-2002) and II (2004-2005) were connected to reductions in frequency and quantity of alcohol use. The results of the study suggest that increases in cigarette taxes were connected to reductions in alcohol usage over time among men.