Category Archives: Tobacco News
Latest Youth Tobacco Survey conducted in North Carolina found that fewer middle and high school students in the state are smoking cheapest cigarettes.
The bad news is that more students use other tobacco products and here the talk is about pipes, snuff, hookah and e-cigarettes.
The doctors are worried much about youth interest towards e-cigarettes and significant increase in use of this product. Data shows that in the last two years e-ciagrettes use among teens has more than tripled.
In the course of the survey, the researchers found that 10% of middle school students and 30% of high school students in North Carolina use one or another kind of tobacco product. According to Health Director of Mecklenburg County, e-cigarettes do represent a serious problem when the talk is about youth, because still few studies were made on thir effects on human bodies.
E-cigarettes are sold to young people without any restriction, therefore they start smoking at their early age. Studies demonstrate that 90% of smokers started smoking when they were under 18 and in adult age they already became regular smokers. The earlier people begin smoking, the harder for them is to quit in adult age.
Dr. Marcus Plescia comes with a proposal to prohibit tobacco use on county grounds in order to reduce smoking rates among youth in North Carolina. Mecklenburg County Commission is the body who takes such decisions. At the same time, smokers who want to quit may use QuitLine NC.
Recently a group of passengers told that they were on-lookers of a case when a budget airline did not stop passengers from smoking their cheapest cigarettes during a flight.
The talk is about passengers from China United Airlines (CUA) flight 5216 who told they saw people smoking cigarettes in the toilet during the flight from Chengdu to Beijing.
The airplane was forced to ground at Taiyuan due to thunderstorms, but despite ban people smoked on the steps of the plane and outside it when the plane was on the ground.
Normally, passengers must undergo a security check before re-boarding the plane in order to ensure safety during flight, but this time there was made no such a procedure as plane crew said there is no necessity for it.
However, despite passengers claims, CUA representatives told that when people started smoking, plane crew asked them immediately to stop and confiscated their cigarettes and matches. But the passengers say that the crew did nothing to ensure their safety during flight. Smoking on airplane represents a fire risk, therefore is prohibited.
Generally, cigarettes and matches should not be brought to cabin and they could be confiscated in case security check took place in Taiyuan. In past there were cases when smoking in toilets on the plane caused fires on planes.
The airline told that the case is being investigated and in case plane crew will be found guilty it will suffer a penalty.
Xu Ke, an aviation safety expert, told that it is impossible to detect matches during safety check, especially if they are without boxes. Here is needed an advanced technology to detect it.
Chinese law imposes a fine of 200 yuan for smoking in a plane.
According to Illinois Register, Illinois Department of Public Health proposed to expand existing smoking ban and prohibit smoking in beer gardens, patios and other outdoor seating zones in the next months after introduction of new regulations
Thus the law would ban smoking in all indoor and outdoor dining areas such as bars, restaurants, beer gardens, patios, rooftops, decks, concession areas. The measure is taken in order to protect visitors and worlers from secondhand smoke.
The existing law allows smoking cigarettes online outdoors and that were the only places where smokers could still light up. However, if the new change comes into effect, they will no longer have this right.
Dave Koehler, the Senator of Illinois, in 2012 approved a law, which allowed smoking in outdoor areas of patios and beer gardens. However, instead of calling the law for a vote, Beer Garden Task Force sent to the Department of Public Health a request to specify in what outdoor places smoking to be allowed. The Department gave no clear answer.
The law was reintroduced again in 2013 and again there were provided no details about it.
Workers and owners of several establishments in the city of Peoria were fined for smoking in public place or for failing to prevent smoking. One of them was Dan Kouri, owner of beer garden at Kouri’s Pub on Sterling Avenue. Before constructing his beer garden, he found out from the Illinois Department of Public Health all the information regarding smoking. He wanted to know where partons may smoke and was told that in beer garden smoking will be permitted.
Jerry Brady, Peoria County State’s Attorney, told that he could no enforce the existing smoking ban because many things are unclear in it. Therefore it needs to be clarified.
The University of Delaware, located in Newark (state of Delaware), told that all its campuses are going to become tobacco-free starting from this month. The initiative came from students who want to have a healthy environment on their campus.
The new policy, which came into action on August 1, bans the use of all tobacco products including cigarettes and e-cigarettes, on all University property in order to have a “Tobacco-Free UD.”
The smoke-free policy will apply to University campuses in Wilmington, Georgetown, Newark, Dover, Lewes. Its goal is to promote a healthy lifestyle and safe environment among students, staff, faculty and visitors.
Scientists say that use of tobacco products presents particular health hazards. Besides this, exposure to tobacco smoke causes great health risks for non-smoking adults and kids.
With this initiative the University of Delaware joins other 800 smoke-free high education institutions in the USA, including Delaware Technical Community College, which already adopted anti-smoking policies.
Initially, University’s Student Government Association proposed to adopt such a policy. Further, the proposal was supported by the Graduate Student Government.
The University of Delaware offers quit-smoking programs to those who want to get rid of the habit. Thus for students was created the program called Student Wellness and Health Promotion, while for employees – the Faculty and Staff Assistance Program, which provides individual counseling. For group counseling, there exists HealthyU Employee Wellness Program .
Previously the University of Delaware adopted smoke-free policies. Thus in 1995 there was banned smoking in all academic and office buildings and in 2000 there was prohibited smoking on all University-owned student housing.
A new study found that a great number of young people think that using hookah will not damage their health. However, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that using hookah has the same effects on the body as using cigarettes. But data obtained by the latest study shows that many young people believe the water pipes are a safe alternative to tobacco cigarettes.
During the study the researchers asked young visitors of three hookah lounges in Southern California what they think about using hookah. The respondents were young people aged 18 to 30 and the majority of them answered that they think that hookah is safe and will not harm their health. 47% of them believe that the tobacco smoke gets filtered through the water. Around one-third of young respondents told that they consider that fruits flavors used in tobacco help to detoxify harmful substances which makes hookah smoking safe. 16% believed that there is no nicotine in hookah tobacco and therefore is causes no addiction.
The results of the study are published in the journal Nursing Research and the researchers say that these young people’s beliefs are wrong. According to lead researcher Mary Rezk-Hanna, a nursing doctoral student at the University of California, Los Angeles, these days hookah smoking rates are very high among youth and the researchers wanted to find out the causes of it.
Previous study demonstrated that though use of cigarettes continues to drop, the use of hookah is on the rise, especially among college students. 60% of people participating in the UCLA study told that hookah smoking is a modern way of socializing with friends.
Rezk-Hanna says that the latest study highlights the importance of making more research in the field. Also it is necessary to increase public knowledge about the effects of using hookah, especially among youth.
Previously, Mobile City banned youth from smoking hookah.
The Government in Indonesia took a decision not to sign Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in order to protect the countrys tobacco industry.
According to Faiz Ahmad, the chief of beverage and tobacco industries at the industry ministry, the decision is very effective because it will work due to existence of the agency which protects the tobacco industry.
It should be said that generally the support for tobacco industry in Indonesia has lowered. The only two authorities that still support it are the trade ministry and the industry ministry.
Faiz Ahmad said that the president of the country refused to sign the Convention due to lack of unanimity among the government agencies regarding the FCTC. Ahmad told about this during his visit to the Barito cigarette factory located in the village of Gondosari, sub-district of Gebog, Kudus, where he was with a group of legislators from the Commission VI of the House of Representatives
Moreover, some time ago the House sent a letter to the governemnt with a solicitation to delay FCTC singing or not to ratify it at all.
While FCTC is not signed the existing regulation on tobacco industry remains effective. In case Indonesia adopts FCTC, the country will have to increase taxes on cigarettes. These days tobaco industry in Indonesia faces some difficulties due to high production cost as a result of high excise duty.
However, smokers say that if cigarettes prices would go high, they will seek for cheap cigarettes in online cigarette shops.
The Irish government approved draft laws which make tobacco companies use plain packs on tobacco products sold in the country. This is a great and important step towards the improvment of public health, which will improve country’s reputation as a global leader in tobacco control.
If the law will be adopted, it will prohibit use of logos on cigarettes packs. The packs must contain graphic warnings and insriptions like “low tar” are prohibited. With this law Ireland is going to be first country in the European Union who introduced plain packaging for cigarettes.
It is expected that tobacco industry will oppose strongly to this law and their lobbists will defend the industry’s interests. The opponents of the law already told that the plain packaging initiative would cause negative reaction to foreign investors.
Minister for Health says that the goal of Standardised Packaging of Tobacco Bill is to make cigarettes packs look less attractive to users, especially youth. It will help to prevent people from starting smoking and make people aware about the effects of tobacco use.
Experts say that beautiful cigarettes packs make children start smoking at an early age and soon they easy become regular smokers. They become so addicted that later in life have difficulties with quitting. It is known that tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals and 250 of them are harmful. Smoking may cause cancer, cardiovascular diseases and lung disease.
The tobacco industry will dispute the effectiveness of the proposed packaging measures and will talk about intellectual property rights. However, Australia managed to adopt such a law and this is an example to follow.
State committee in New Jersey proposed to increase to 21 legal age to buy tobacco products and e-cigarettes. If the proposal will be approved, the law will make New Jersey the first state in the USA who requires this age to buy cigarettes.
Back in 2006 the state increased minimum age to buy cigarettes, cigars and other tobacco products from 18 to 19. However, Joseph Vitale and Richard Codey, who sponsored the law, told that it still does not prevent youth from smoking.
However, some say that young people may not quit smoking but just find other ways to get cigarettes. Health care providers say that the more young people are discouraged from smoking, the healthier the nation will be.
Karen Blumenfeld from Global Advisers on Smokefree Policy says that it is great that the entire New Jersey consiers such a law. Previosly, New York City increased smoking age to 21. Suffolk County changed its law that will come into action in 2015. Numerous studies found that 90% of young people start smoking before 21, therefore the minimum age to buy cigarettes should be increased.
Now the question is how the law will work and who will carry the responsability of breaking it. The representatives of NJ Gasoline-Convenience-Automotive Association are worried about the fact that shop sellers will have to pay penalties for breaking the law. But how thay will determine the age of a person who buys cigarettes? Vitale, chairman of the Senate Health, says that it is necessary to ask for ID.
The committee voted 6-2 to approve the bill, which will be then sent to the full Senate for a vote.
In the USA, the state of New Jersey is on the last place in the rating of states who successfully fight smoking.
British American Tobacco Zimbabwe asked governments in Southern Africa to pay attention to the consequences of high taxes on tobacco products which were increased in order to reduce tobacco use among population.
On May 31 the world celebrated No Tobacco Day and with this regard BAT Zimbabwe released a statement which says that the company does not believe that increasing tobacco taxes will make people refuse from smoking. Instead they will look for cheap cigarettes.
In Southern Africa already are registered high tobacco taxes in comparision with other parts of Africa. In these conditions it would never do to increase taxes again. The economic environment in which the disposable income of smokers remains stretched.
Usually smokers react on cigarettes prices increase with turning to such cheap cigarettes as Doina and Armada which they buy in online cigarettes shops. This helps them to save money. People always look for attractive prices and they are ready to change premium brands for not popular brands.
BAT Zimbabwe asks governments, who want to reduce tobacco usage, to broaden the possibility of their considerations beyond increases in tax. Public health purposes cannot be the single aspect of consideration when using fiscal policy.
In reality, unintended consequences resulted from increases in tax on tobacco products may expose to a risk the achievement of these public health purposes.
The WHO estimated that today there are one billion smokers worldwide and that by 2050 this number could increase to 2.2billion. BAT Zimbabwe says that there is a need for a different approach to tobacco taxation that takes into consideration all the potential unintended consequences.
On May 31 the world would celebrate No Tobacco Day. In connection with this the WHO calls the countries in the entire world to increase taxes on tobacco in order to encourage smokers to quit and prevent youth from becoming smokers.
The WHO estimated that increasing tobacco taxes by 50% in all countries worldwide will help to reduce the number of smokers by 49 million within the next 3 years.
These days smoking incurs considerable costs for families, governments and businesses because treating smoking related diseases is quite expensive. Smoking-related disease affect negatively businesses because low productivity leads to income drop.
The WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan considers that increasing taxes on cigarettes is the most effective way to reduce tobacco use among people.
High prices on cigarettes are very effective in discouraging young people from starting smoking and becoming regular smokers. Moreover, they encourage existing young smokers to reduce their tobacco use or quit.
According to Dr Douglas Bettcher, Director of the Department for Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases at WHO, increasing prices on cigarettes helps to reduce tobacco use among young people than among older adults. Adult smokers say that when taxes are increased they buy cheap cigarettes in the Internet.
The WHO estimates that if all countries in the world increased tobacco taxes by 50% per pack, governments would gain US$ 101 billion in global revenue. For example, fhose money could be used in social programmes.
Philippines and France are countries that increased taxes on cigarettes and this measure proved to be effective. Thus in France has reduced the number of people suffering from smoking related diseases, and in Philippines the Government gathered more money than it was expected and wants to spend them on health services.
Earlier FDA launched an anti-smoking campaign aimed at youth