Category Archives: Tobacco Facts
Experts say that tobacco use among young people in West Virginia is declining, Recently West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources Division of Tobacco Prevention revealed data that demonstrates the percentage of high school students who said they have never used any kind of tobacco products has raised from 20.6% in 2000 to 46.1% in 2013.
Over the same period of ten years, there was a 107% increase in the number of high school students who never have tried to smoke cigarettes.
Dr. Letitia Tierney, State Health Officer and Commission for the Bureau for Public Health says that this data shows that anti-smoking programs and other initiatives by the Bureau of Public Health which help to inform young people about the effects of nicotine are working.
The data revealed today suggests that improvements that were made over the last 10 years are very effective and this is worth celebrating.
Data shows that 18.6% of high school students in West Virginia are smokes while in 2000 there were 38.5% of smokers.
Tierney says it is a great success and attributes it to teenagers that take part in Raze, West Virginia’s tobacco prevention movement. Generally, there are almost 4,000 young people who joined the program with 150 crews in the entire state.
Tierney also says it is a great progress and it is important to keep in mind that nicotine causes addiction. Young people must be informed about the effects of tobacco use before they become addicted.
Latest data shows that a lifestyle practice among American Indians in Minnesota caused a public health crisis which means they consume a lot of cigars, cigarettes, chewing tobacco, snuff, pipes.
In the Tribal Tobacco Use Project Survey started in 2009 and in it participated 3,000 American Indians aged 18 and older from 7 reservations in Minnesota and in urban Indian communities in Hennepin, Duluth and Ramsey counties.
There was found that 22% of American Indian adults have never been regular smokers in comparison with 57% of all adults in the state. 59% of American Indian adults are smokers compared to 16% of all Minnesota adults. The figure is different from several surveys made in past putting use in the 40% range.
62% of American Indians who smoke want to quit and 48% tried to quit smoking in the past year. 22% of American Indian adults have never been regular smokers, compared to 57% of all adults in the state.
In general, cigarette smoking is more than two times higher in every age group among American Indian adult people than Minnesota adults. The prevalense of smoking-related diseases is higher among American Indians than the Minnesota population. For example, the diabetes rate are 3 times higher and the heart disease rate is 1.5 times higher.
Jean Forster, the chief of science part of the study, has a PhD and works for the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota said that there is no question as to this gap. It is great, it is a public health crisis.
The 59% usage rate is much higher than anything reported before, but she and others say that data obtained from the research reflect a different survey approach.
Researchers say that health improvement is not the only benefit of quitting smoking, because recently they found that your wages become higher.
The latest study of American researchers showed that non-smokers are not as wealthy as their colleagues who gave up the habit.
In the research there was used data about tobacco consumption of the US Census Bureau’s population surveys between 1992 and 2011.
The results of the research were published in August by economists at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, they showed that smokers get 80% of what non-smokers make. People who had gave up smoking are paid 5% more than people who have never smoked cigarettes.
The idea that smokers who have left the nicotine habit are paid better has caused a disagreement among people who say that there are many other factors contributing to differences in salary. The attempt to quit smoking is not an easy one and it may take several years. Those who have smoked cigarettes in past and then quit are older than those who smoke at present. It means that former smokers frequently occupy higher posts and respectively get higher wages compared to smokers.
However, there are other reasons why former smokers earn more money. Quitting smoking gives confidence to the man and makes him determined person,
Research economist Melinda Pitts, who conducted the research, said it takes a special individual to quit his smoking habit and there is a higher compensation for quitting the habit than for not starting it. You may probably ask if namely these qualities inherent in special people influenced the amount of wages. Here experts are sceptical.
Peter Hajek, professor of clinical psychology at the Tobacco Dependence Research Unit at Queen Mary University of London replies that this is a kind of misinterpreting a correlation. People who quit successfully smoking are often people with better socio-economic resources in comparison with people who cannot quit smoking.
Rising cost of cigarettes in the USA is associated with increases in quitiing smoking. However, little is known about this connection at the level of individual smokers.
The major aim of the study on this issue was to put on a behavioural economic approach to the relationship between the price of cigarettes and the likelihood of quitting smoking.
Who participated in the study?
The total number of participants was 1074 who were above 18 years old and smoked more than 5 cigarettes a day. They filled with personal details special survey estimations which included probability of making a quitting smoking attempt depending on cigarette prices, nicotine dependence and demographics.
What are the results of the study?
The study showed that with prices increase the likelihood of making an attempt to quit smoking resulted an regular increase, with the form of the relationship being similar to an inverted demand curve. The greatest effect size increases in motivation to make an attempt to quit smoking were in the form of ‘left-digit effects,’
Big differences were also noted among the left-digit effects, suggesting the most important effects were for price changes that were most market relevant. The acuteness of nicotine dependence was connected with price sensitivity, but not for all participants.
What are the conclusions of the study?
The obrained data revela that there exists a connection between cigarette prices and attempts od smoker to get rid of smoking.
Moreover, the study reveals the importance of left-digit price transitions in this relationship, suggesting policymakers should consider relative price positions in the context of tax changes
Cigarettes can turn into even more expensive product in Russia and it will be more difficult to buy tobacco products, the Russian Ministry of Health alerts.
The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests Russia to increase the excise tax on tobacco products more than 5 times, precisely seven times. As outlined by the WHO demands, the standard price for a cigarette pack will be 238 rubles ($7.5) by 2020. Present prices vary from 30 to 80 rubles per pack ($1-3).
Not only regular smokers, but also the Ministry of Finance did not approve the step. The ministry offers to reduce the growth of excise duties after 2016. The math is simple.
One cannot permit a greater gap in retail prices on tobacco products with companions in the Customs Union. As outlined by the Ministry of Finance, such measures will result in the stream of contraband from nearby countries. Agreements on these issues between participants of the Customs Union already occur, and before 2016, the growth rate of excise taxes shall not surpass 25%.
Tobacco is a large perennial herbaceous blooming plant that belongs to the solanaceae or nightshade family. It is the world’s most commonly grown non-food plant and is selected by growers from more than 120 countries due to its performance under broadly different climatic and soil conditions to fulfill the requirements of many various markets.
The tobacco plant varies from one to three metres in height and produces 10 to 20 leaves from its main stalk. About 90 percent of tobacco grows between 40º north and 40º south, although it can be grown up to 60º north.
A native crop of the Americas, tobacco is grown in order to get its leaves. But, for commercial cultivation the flowers are take off in order to encourage the leaves to grow further down the stem. Variations in soil and climate create leaves that have particular features and need various methods of fertilization, insect and disease control, growing and curing. All tobacco types belong to the Nicotiana genus, even though the main source of industrial tobacco is Nicotiana Tabacum. Nicotiana Rustica is as well cultivated, albeit to a far lesser extent, and used in Oriental tobaccos.
Farmers have created a broad variety of morphologically various types, from the small-leaved aromatic tobaccos to the large, broad-leaved cigar tobaccos. Yet, each kind of tobacco is usually identified by the curing technique applied to it.
Curing is the last stage in the manufacturing of tobacco. After that, the leaves are marketed to be turned into the ultimate tobacco product, e.g. cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco and snuff.
With the aid of curing, the moisture content in the tobacco leaf is lowered from 80 percent to about 20 percent, therefore guaranteeing the tobacco’s preservability. Further, the various techniques of curing also enrich the leaf’s natural aroma. As various tobacco products need leaves with various characteristics, the unique flavour of each type of tobacco is what establishes its suitability for use in various tobacco products.
In curing barns leaves will be dried out some time. After the curing process is finished and the leaf has dehydrated completely, fresh air is released into the curing barn, a bit moistening the leaves as to enable them to be sent for sale without crumbling.
China’s cigarette tax rate continues to be among the lowest all over the world, and the authorities must boost it to help control a smoking epidemic that affects more than 300 million people in China, based on the World Health Organization.
Around half of Chinese smokers pay 5 yuan (80 US cents) or less on a pack of 20 cigarettes, which is “much, much lower than the regular cost in developed countries,” said Angela Pratt, technical officer of the Tobacco Free Initiative in the WHO office in China.
In accordance with the book, which was first released in 2010, overall cigarette taxes make up about 50% of the mean retail price for cigarettes at the global level, with the mean price of a cigarette packet being $2.53. The countries with lower-middle-income have both lower cigarette prices and lower rates of cigarette taxation.
The excise tax rate in China represents 36% or 56% for cigarettes with different factory costs, official statistics demonstrate.
China is viewed as a country with middle revenue, but the cost of its tobacco products fits more into the group with lower-middle-income.
Additionally, information from the WHO demonstrates that the mean annual per capita revenue demanded to buy 100 packets of the least expensive cigarettes in China has slipped from 14% in 2000 to 3% in 2010.
WHO has suggested that at least 70% of the retail price of cigarettes sourced from excise taxes to effectively reduce tobacco consumption, yet it says the excise tax makes up only about 25% in tobacco’s retail price in China.
In 2009, Chinese government increased cigarette taxes by at least 6%, mainly on relatively high-priced brands.
“But that increase did not have an effect on cigarette retail prices, especially the low-end brands, as cigarette makers decided to absorb the tax hike to maintain consumers,” she said.
Liang Ji, associate professor of the Research Institute for Fiscal Science under the Ministry of Finance, said that there is a lot of room for further tax increases.
To address that, Liang proposed the taxation authority keep increasing the tax to squeeze the profit margins of cigarette makers as much as possible until they boost retail prices.
China established a State monopoly of the tobacco industry in the early 1980s, and it now creates more than 2.3 trillion cigarettes annually, making up about 40% of the world’s total, official statistics demonstrated.
Throughout the past 10 years, the tobacco industry has provided 7 to 10% of the whole yearly central government profits, official statistics confirmed.
Electronic cigarettes, mostly known as e-cigarettes, have recently been advertised as a “safe” alternative to regular cigarettes, however according to the recent study, this extremely popular trend is harmful to overall health of a person. Nowadays about 700,000 people use such electronic devices in order to give up smoking.
E-cigarettes deliver nicotine through a vapor. Although there is no combustion, the nicotine is still derived from tobacco. This way of delivery has been considered to be potentially safer than smoking tobacco products. The electronic cigarettes are brought from China and their nicotine content is not regulated before sale.
According to a research presented at the European Respiratory Society’s annual meeting in Vienna in February, 2012 revealed that an abrupt increase in airway resistance resulting in a lower level of oxygen in the bloodstream in electronic cigarette users. This could have negative effects on those with coronary artery disease who have obstructing plaques in their coronary arteries. The Athens specialists analyzed the effects of the e-cigarettes on 8 people who never smoked, together with 24 smokers -11 with normal lung function and 13 with asthma. The research participants all used an electronic device for 10 minutes. All participants had a sudden jump in airway resistance which was about 10 minutes. It was revealed that the jump was more noticeable in smokers than non-smokers, although the effect seen in people with asthma was less immediate in nature.
The European Respiratory Society smoking cessation guidelines do not recommend the use of electronic cigarettes. It was noted by the Society that some brands of e-cigarettes contain high levels of nicotine which is highly addictive.
According to Dr. Klaus Lessnau, a pulmonary and critical care specialist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, said that “electronic devices are not recommended to quit smoking, there is just some degree of harm reduction compared to regular cigarette use.”
Dr. Lessnau added that there are no full studies to represent the harm from e-cigarettes, but he is sure that the impact on lung cancer will be significant.
In fact, incomplete conclusions can be made from the preliminary results of the small research presented in this article. However, findings from this research do add to growing evidence of the harmful effects of e-cigarettes.
Other methods that can help quit smoking such as nicotine gum, patches, and inhalers are known as nicotine replacement therapy, and are recommended as alternative to electronic cigarettes.
In 1913 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company introduced Camel in the United States. Camel was the first cigarette brand that was marketed in the United States. It as well became Reynolds’ first major cigarette brand. Camel cigarettes were made of a blend of Turkish, Virginia, and Burley tobaccos, which was extremely popular among the smoking people. Before 1913 Camel cigarettes were the first produced cigarettes to be sold in packages of twenty.
Some of the main reasons for Camel brand success were the use of high quality tobaccos during manufacturing and the brand’s low price. Initially a 20-cigarettes-pack cost 10 cents. Camel cigarettes were permanently the best- or second-selling brand until the 1950s. Lucky Strikes were their nearest rival. The blend of Camel cigarettes provided proportional nicotine content. These cigarettes were smoked easier contrary to the much harsher brands popular in the 1910s and 1920s.
R. J. Reynolds began an advertising campaign with ‘teasers’ which stated that “the Camels are coming!” before the introduction of Camels. This fresh marketing method was a pattern to influence public opinion and to provide effect. One more promotional technique applied was the use of a circus camel, named Old Joe, which was driven through towns and villages by men who distributed free cigarettes.
It was proved that advertising has been a main feature of Camel’s success over the years. Popular Camel’s advertising slogans included “the ‘T’ Zone (T for taste and T for throat),” “more doctors smoke Camels than ever before!,” “I’d walk a mile for a Camel!,” and “Camel’s real taste satisfies longer.”
During 1972-1993, Camel brand was the general partner of the famous International Motor Sports Association auto racing series known as the Camel GT. It as well funded the Lotus Formula One team from 1987 to 1991, and the Benneton and Williams teams from 1991 to 1993. In the course of the nineties, Camel brand was s sponsor for the factory Honda team in the AMA Superbike series and the Supercross Championships.
Today, Camel cigarettes have three various lines of flavor – Classic, Turkish and Exotic Blends. The Classic styles represent the basic unit of the Camel’s business and suggest rich tobacco taste. Camel cigarettes’ Turkish line provides smooth and mellow variants of the brand’s distinctive flavor. Camel Exotic Blends, a family of premium-priced, limited-edition luxury blends, provide adult smokers indulgent taste signatures.
Nowadays Camel cigarette brand is one of thera best global cigarette brands. It is sold in over 90 countries all over the world. Canadian market gets these cigarettes importing them from the United States by J. T. I. Macdonald, which was formerly a property of R. J. Reynolds. Now only the filter and light variants of Camel cigarettes are still for sale in Canada.
Nowadays tobacco companies manufacture filtered cigarettes and unfiltered ones as the preferences of smokers are different. The cigarette filter is considered to be one of the most significant elements of a cigarette. The main aim of the cigarette filter is to lessen the amount of tar and smoke that smokers inhale when the cigarette is exposed to the process of combustion. Besides, it as well reduces the harsh effects of smoke. The major material that is used to produce filter is cellulose, which is derived from wood. In addition, cigarette filters are available in various dimensions.
The Dimensions of a Cigarette Filter
In point of dimensions, the mean length of a cigarette filter is about 3 centimeters. When dealing with diameter, it usually has similar value as the entire cigarette, which is about 0.8 centimeter. Some versions may be slightly bigger or a bit smaller than these measurements. Originally filters were made of raw material that is called crepe paper.
Extra Facts and Other Interesting Details
In 1925 the right for the process of using crepe paper to make a cigarette filter was granted to a Hungarian inventor Boris Aivaz. He revealed it while carrying out tests. Aivaz worked at an industrial factory that was owned by the outsourcing business Bunzl plc. In 1927, he invented the first filter under the auspices of Filtronic subsidiary under Bunzl. But, the absence of machinery led to its low uptake.
In 1935, the production of cigarettes with tipped filter was on the rise and that was due to the machine that was created by a British company at that time. Until 1954, filters were considered as specialty items. When the quantity of such machines increased, the use of these filters widely spread in various areas. At that time, cigarettes and especially cigarette use were widely criticized as there are many speculative affirmations made by researchers and physicians that associated smoking with health diseases.
Nowadays, almost all filters are made of cellulose acetate. The leading cigarette maker, British American Tobacco, affirms that the time needed for filters to break varies from 10 months to 15 years. This is the primary reason why they conduce greatly to major problems like environmental damage and littering. According to the findings taken from the International Coastal Cleanup in 2006, 27.4% of the whole litter was comprised of cigarettes and cigarette butts.
As for light cigarettes, the filters in such cigarettes have tiny holes, the aim of which is to dilute the smoke for less inhalation of nicotine and tar.
Early in 1950s, the filters were used only in Kent cigarettes and contained crocidolite asbestos.