Category Archives: Tobacco Articles
Before adopting a smoke-free policy, the University of Minnesota discussed the subject for years as it raised particular controversies. However, the smoke-free policy was adopted and in July 1, 2014, it came into action.
Smoke-free policies in campuses of American universities and colleges gain popularity in the country and more and more educational institutions join this trend.
Experts say that smoke-free campuses become a norm in American society.
Anti-smoking policy in the University of Minnesota prohibits use of any form of tobacco on all University property. Earlier other five schools of Big Ten banned smoking in their territory during past decade. Other two schools permit smoking in designated areas on campus. University of Minnesota with other two of Big Ten schools banned both tobacco use and smoking.
First educational institution among Big Ten that prohibited use of tobacco and smoking on its campus in 2008 was Indiana University. According to Jerry Minger, superintendent of public safety at Indiana University, there were not received any complaints when the ban was proposed. He is happy that across the USA smoke-free policies become popular and more universities join the trend, because it will help to make society more healthy. Modern students are informed about the effects of smoking on human body and therefore welcome smoking bans on campus.
According to Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation, totally in the USA there are nearly 1,400 colleges and universities that already go smoke-free.
In Boynton College Student Health Survey conducted in 2013, more than 60% of students said that they do support a smoke-free campus policy. 10% of students told they are regular smokers who smoke cigarettes on the daily basis.
On Saturday, May 31, the entire world celebrated No Tobacco Day. With that ocassion in Durango city, Colorado, local health activists organized a party. No Tobacco Day is celebrated to encourage smokers to refuse from their cheap cigarettes at least for 24 hours.
Recently Durango City Council adopted an anti-smoking ordinance which prohibits smoking cigarettes in city parks, playgrounds, at bus stations, and on the Animas River Trail and surrounding it green areas. Around 75% of people came to Rotary Park to celebrate the recent ordinance.
People came to the holiday along with their children. They enjoyed a picnic on the fresh air under the blue sky and bright sun. On the holiday there were musical acts, snacks, kid’s games, promotional materials about No Tobacco Day.
The organizers of the holiday are volunteers and representatives of San Juan Basin Health’s Celebrating Healthy Communities Coalition.
The anti-smoking ordinance in Durango city is supported by the Colorado Indoor Clean Air Act, which prohibits indoor smoking in public places. The aim of such ordinance is to protect people from the effects of secondhand smoke exposure.
According to Lauren Patterson, the supporter of the health department and community volunteer, it is not easy to implement local ordinances in small towns in Colorado. There is need of a statewide act.
Authorities in Washington want this autumn to increase the state cigarette tax by $1 per pack. This will help to create a $1 billion fund for cancer research and prevention.
The idea (Initiative 1356) was proposed by Fred Hutchinson from Cancer Research Center and former Governor Chris Gregoire who worked over proposal for more than a year. The proposal is going to be voted on November 2014.
The supporter of cigarettes tax increase consider that Washington state will only benefit from it. Thus the economy will be improved, smoking rates will be reduced and there will be money for cancer research.
State Treasurer Jim McIntire is worried about borrowing that would be allowed by the initiative. He considers that the measure could limit the state’s general-fund budget, a great part of which goes to schools.
The proposal is expected to face opposition from tobacco companies. When California wanted to implement similar plan, tobacco industry spent $50 million to prevent its implementation.
Sandeep Kaushik, a spokesman for the initiative, said they expect to decide within several weeks on whether to go ahead this year.
According to a report, the Hutch and Seattle Children’s each have promised to give $500,000 to the initiative campaign.
Before its reviewing in November, the initiative campaign needs to get 246,372 valid signatures of registered voters by July 3 and present them to the Secretary of State’s Office.
Currently in Washington the cigarette tax is $3.03 per pack. The new initiative will increase by $1 taxes on cigarettes and by 10% taxes on cigars, chewing tobacco and other tobacco products.
Washington last increased the cigarette tax by $1 in 2010.
On April 17, Philip Morris International will present its 2014 first quarter earnings. Experts do expect data from Philippines, where an increase in indirect taxes implemented in 2013 affected negatively tobacco industry.
Experts say that Philip Morris business in European Union, Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa was affected by numerous anti-tobacco regulations. Russia is company’s biggest tobacco market in the region and all regulations in this country do greatly affect Philip Morris sales volume.
These days Philip Morris International is a leading international tobacco company. Tobacco products manufactured by the company are sold in more than 180 countries worldwide. Its most popular and successful brand is Marlboro. Except the USA and China, Philip Morris holds more than 28 percent of the total cigarette market in the world. Till 2008 Philip Morris International was an operating company of Altria Group.
Representatives of Philip Morris International say that 47% of total volume decline are attributed to its operations in the Philippines. Thus due to significant increase of indirect taxes in the country, the company was forced to increase prices on Marlboro cigarettes by 60%. As a result, Philip Morris International recorded a excessive decline in cigarette shipments to the market in 2013. Today more and more people are looking for discount cigarettes online as it is most beneficail and convenient.
You probably heard about Smokey and the Bandit, Smokey Robinson, Smokey Bear. Those smoky personages were popular few decades ago but even today may be observed their impact on pop culture. Same thing is with second- and thirdhand smoke.
Recently researchers found that even in case a woman never smoked cigarettes, her lifetime exposure to secondhand smoke increases her risks for tubal ectopic pregnancy, birth of a dead child and miscarriage. There were examined adults exposed to secondhand smoke at home for 20 or more years, kids exposed for 10 or more years and adults exposured at their workplace for 10 or more years.
Earlier scientists found that exposure to secondhand smoke may result in stroke, heart disease, lung cancer and asthma.
Secondhand smoke becomes thirdhand smoke when it enters various surfaces such ascarpets, fabric, wallboard, furniture. Children do ingest it when they put objects or hands with thirdhand smoke into their mouth. Namely this may damage their DNA.
What is the best way to protect your family from tobacco smoke? It is necessary to create a smoke-free environment at home. No smoking at home! How to convince your spose? Do with love, respect and understanding, be persistent and you will win.
In case you live in a state where smoking is banned at workplaces and restaurants, but you see that people still smoke there, then you should address your state representatives and complain about this public health issue.
In case at your home lived a smoker, you should remove all second- or thirdhand smoke by washing carpets, furniture lining, fabric, and even your kid’s toys.
If tobacco smoke enters your home from smoking neighbors via ventilation system, talk with them about finding an appropriate solution. Everyone deserves a smoke-free environment!
The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids has placed New Jersey at the end in the rating of American states which work to protect kids from smoking and tobacco use. It means that New Jersey shows very bad results in protecting kids from smoking and experts do recommend state authorities to reconsider using funds from the 1998 Tobacco Settlement to reestablish the state’s comprehensive Tobacco Control Program, which was removed in 2009.
According to Jill M.Williams, who is professor of psychiatry and chief of addiction psychiatry at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, though New Jersey receives funds from the Tobacco Settlement and gains tobacco-generated revenue of more than $947 million in Fiscal Year 2014, it spends nothing to support tobacco prevention and treatment programs.
Data from other states showed that prevention and treatment programs help to save money on healthcare expenses related to smoking such as lung cancer and heart attacks.
Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids representatives say that in New Jersey each year healthcare costs related to smoking are $317 billion, $967 million of which is covered by the state Medicaid program. To note that Medicaid program offers primary health insurance for people with mental diseases in the USA.
In New Jersey there exist great health differences. It was found that highest smoking rates are registered among poor people and those with menthal disorders. Authorities ignore the need to provide most vulnerable groups with smoking cessation programs and this leads to a number of diseases in them and increase of healthcare costs.
In March 2014 the Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry published an article where was highlighted the need for collaborative efforts in treating tobacco addiction. In order to improve education and access to quit smoking programs mental health services should work in collaboration with government-sponsored tobacco control programs.
Researchers from University of Kentucky say that secondhand smoke is main cause of a number of diseases in children, especially in rural areas,
According to one of authors of the research Ellen Hahn, who is a professor at the University of Kentucky College of Nursing and director of the Kentucky Center for Smoke-free Policy, told that the only way to protect children and non-smokers from secondhand smoke is to totally eliminate the source of tobacco smoke.
The research used data from a panel survey conducted in the Internet and administered to almost 500 residents in Kentucky each year from 2007 to 2012.
The vast majority of participants were females aged 35 to 54 having at least some college education. 50% of the participants were from a county where a comprehensive smoke-free law was adopted and smoking was prohibited in public places and 14% lived in a county with a moderate law, with some places excluded from the law.
The results of the research were published in the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research Journal. Scientists discovered that survey respondents from urban counties were 2 times more likely to report a smoke-free home than those from rural.
Besides this, it was found that people who responded to the survey in the last 2 years of the survey were more likely to have a smoke-free home in comparison to those in 2007. Researchers were happy to find that since 2007 more Kentuckians have made their homes smoke-free. However, at the same time they found that having kids at home does not mean they live in a smoke-free home.
The authors of the research say that there is need to promote smoke-free homes in rural areas in order to prevent children exposure to secondhand smoke.
Those who every morning do walk up the same stretch of pavement outside Farringdon station on their way to work in order to enjoy fresh air cannot enjoy it on the whole way as there is always a crowd of people puffing on cigarettes.
You may wonder why? You see smokers everywhere; not only congregated outside Farringdon station, but outside lecture theatres as well. It is not just the health effects that make smoking seem like an unintelligent thing to do, but these days smoking is really expensive. The bill will be really large if you smoke premium cigarettes and buy them at your local store.
Eleanor Doughty does not mind smoking. When she was 15 and hanging out with her friends, everyone smoked, except Eleanor, because she was so scared of fire that she couldn’t use a lighter. Eleonor and several of her friends liked to hang around outside because some people smoked. Some people became lots of people, and then lots of people became everyone until a point at a party in 2010 when she was the only one left inside.
In the university students called her ‘the bore’, because she didn’t smoke, and Eleonor hardly expected it to be outlawed. If anything she expected university to be more liberal. There is a smoking zone ob campus because smoking is forbidden on university territory. Students hang out of windows in flats without setting off smoke alarms.
However, nothing changes: on packed nights at the SU, students are pulled towards the fresh air outside; where question ‘have you got a lighter?’ is a good start for a conversation. This is a way to meet Colin Firth, but certainly he had his own lighter.
Eleanor says smoking is anti-social. October has began and it brought Stoptober, a national stop smoking month for anyone who wants to sign up. Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) says that two thirds of smokers start smoking before age 18. It is planned that Stoptober will attract 200,000 people to quit smoking.
Recently was published a new study in a leading international journal which found that exposure of young people to secondhand smoke in cars in New Zealand still is high, especially among Pacific people, Māori and vunerable layers of society whose parents smoke. The research was published online in the latest edition of the international journal Tobacco Control
The researchers used surveys of more than 25,000 school students over a period from 2006 to 2012. Thus ASPIRE2025 researchers discovered that while exposure levels went down slightly in that time, 23 percent of kids said they were exposured to secondhand smoke in the previous week.
56% of kids reported exposure to secondhand smoke on three or more days. ASPIRE2025 Co-Director, Professor Richard Edwards says that marked differences in exposure to secondhand smoke by socio-economic position and ethnicity did not lower.
The slow descending trend and persisting differencies are out of keeping with New Zealand’s aim of absolute protection of kids from exposure to secondhand smoke and smoking.
Professor Edwards says that smoking in cars is a very important subject because secondhand smoke is dangerous to kids. He also says that secondhand smoke exposure in cars is connected with exposure to more frequent smoking and even initiation. Edwards thinks that Government should introduce smoke-free laws that prohibit smoking in cars in presence of children.
Many countries in the world who adopted these laws achieved great results in reduction of exposure to secondhand smoke. However, Edwards considers that New Zealand needs specific smoke-free laws to ban smoking in cars, that should go in hand with other major structural changes that lower tobacco supply and demand.
Earlier the information about how much tobacco companies earn in Ireland was hidden from public but today the value of the Irish market to Big Tobacco has been revealed for the first time.
A new study says that the Big Tobacco in Ireland in 2011 made €227 on sales and profits of €104m. Moreover, after excise duties they enjoyed profit margins of up to 55% which is 3 times more than achieved food and drink manufacturers.
The study was conducted by Dr Robert Branston of the University of Bath. He said that Ireland is one of the easiest markets in Europe for cigarette companies to get a profit. 79% of the cost of a cigarettes package goes to the state in form of taxes and the rest is profit for manufacturers.
The study showed that leading tobacco maker Japan Tobacco International, which produces Benson & Hedges and Silk Cut, sold €112m worth of tobacco to Irish consumers in 2011.
Imperial Tobacco, the maker of Davidoff and Richmond, made €80m. British American Tobacco which produces famous Lucky Strike cigarettes made about €35m. As to new competitors, these days it is hard for them to enter the Irish market due to severe control on tobacco ads.
Dr Branston said that while Ireland earned €1.42bn in taxes on tobacco during 2011, this amount dropped by €2bn cost of caring for smoking-related diseases.
Tobacco companies can continue to modify premium prices and make big profits because their products are very cheap to make and competition in such a highly regulated market is very limited. What makes tobacco companies to fight tobacco control measures is great profitability.
The study was commissioned by the Irish Heart Foundation and the Irish Cancer Society. They say that the Department of Health is allowing these big profit margins through ineffective tax policies. They require tobacco taxes to be increased.