In Ireland the representatives of Convenience Stores and Newsagents Association ( CSNA) told that Australia adopted too strict measures in order to improve their legislation on tobacco packaging. According to Vincent Jennings, More »
The FDA launches ads with people having wrinkles and yellow teeth in order to show teenagers the effects of long-term smoking. The $115 million anti-smoking campaign is called “The Real Cost” and More »
American Lung Association in its latest report “State of Tobacco Control” writes that New Jersey is failing in funding quit smoking and tobacco prevention programs. Each year, the American Lung Association releases More »
Health officials in Scituate, Massachusetts, voted a bill to raise to 21 the minimum age to buy cigarettes. The initiative makes part of set of regulations directed on reducing tobacco use among youth by making it illegal to buy tobacco if you are under permitted age.
This week took place the Board of Health meeting, on which members raised the purchase age limit, restricted e-cigarettes use in public places, banned cigar and hookah bars, and restricted the sale of single cheap cigars which have a price lower than $2.50.
Besides this, there were raised fees for tobacco licenses to $200 from $100 a year along with the penalties for violations. Board Chairman Russell Clark told that the business owners didn’t show their outrage about the law. The new regulation goes into action from May 1, and till then business owners will have enough time to dispose of that product.
Board of Health has been discussing the changes for a long period of time, but had said they probably would not touch to the age limits. However, in spite of initial plans, the legal age for buying tobacco is going to be increased from 18 to 21. Clark considers this was the right move.
The Board discussed an increase to 19 but finally decided to increase to 21 as it is the age when liquor is permitted to buy and it would be perfectly to have this age for tobacco sales too. In the state of Massachusetts such towns as Sharon, Canton, Needham, Arlington, Ashland, Wellesley, Dedham, Dover already raised the limit to 21. Westwood, Brookline, Sudbury, Belmont, Watertown, Walpole allow buying tobacco from 19.
Recently the anti-tobacco youth group Reality Check gave awards to such Hollywood starts as Woody Allen, Leonardo Dicaprio and Johnny Depp, people who promote smoking in movies.
They were called “Shame” by activists.
The organization includes a local chapter from Schenectady, Albany and Rensselaer counties. It analyzed for many years how Hollywood encourages people to smoke.
Reality Check’s International Week of Action gives her annual “Shame” and “Fame” awards one week before official 86th Academy Awards on March 2.
The Shame Award winners are:
1. Actor Johnny Depp, for permitting the famous animated character he voiced in the cartoon “Rango” to smoke cigarettes.
2. Actor Leonardo DiCaprio, for smoking in the movie “The Great Gatsby.”
3. Film director Woody Allen, for exposuring youth to tobacco smoke in his movies.
The Fame Award winners are:
1. Stanton A. Glanz & Jono Polansky of the Smoke Free Movies Network, for protecting children and teenagers from tobacco imagery in films.
2. Walt Disney Studios, for providing family entertainment with a assurance to protecting kids and teens from tobacco imagery.
3. National Association of Attorneys General & The New York State Attorney General’s Office for their work to protect youth from tobacco imagery in movies.
The Motion Picture Association of American told it will not modify its rating system to attribute an R rating when smoking is showed in a movie.
Latest Surgeon General’s Report wrote that young people who see in movies smoking scenes are more likely to smoke in their adult age. Kids and teens who are exposured to smoking on TV are about twice as likely to start smoking as those who get the least exposure.
The anti-smoking young activists consider that movies with smoking scenes should be R rated.
By the end of 2014 in Northwest Louisiana all universities will go totally tobacco-free. The last one who joined is Northwestern State University that declared recently about its decision. The new anti-tobacco policy comes into action from August 1 and prohibits tobacco use on all Northwestern State campuses.
Marcus Jones, Vice President for University Affairs, told that the anti-tobacco policy will cover not all campuses but also properties leased or operated by the university, indoor and outdoor athletic facilities, vehicles owned or leased by the university and cars on the Northwestern State campus whether they are moving or parked. The policy prohibits smoking on all University events and is applied to students, staff and visitors.
It should be noted that Northwestern State University earlier had implemented a smoke-free campus policy, which bans smoking within 25 feet of campus buildings and at outdoor athletic facilities. The new policy aims to create a healthy environment for students, staff, faculty and visitors on Northwestern State’s campus by restricting tobacco use. All people in the University must be protected from secondhand smoke.
The Louisiana Legislature demands that all public post-secondary institutions in the state go smoke free. The anti-tobacco policy bans the use of all products containing tobacco Those who will smoke a cigarette on the university area will be subjected to a fine.
New students will be informed about the policy during orientation sessions. Also the changes in the university will be communicated on safety meetings, internal communications and mails to athletic ticketholders. LSU Shreveport will go 100% tobacco-free on August 1, 2014. Southern University Shreveport went tobacco-free in July 2013.
People who think that smoking relieves them from stress are mistaken. A new research was made on the subject.
It found that quitting smoking has same effects on the depression and anxiety as antidepressants do. Experts say that effects on quitting are even greater than from using medicines.
The researchers from the universities of Birmingham, Oxford, and King’s College London, examined 26 studies and found that people who quit smoking had a great drop in depression, anxiety and stress.
According to researchers, quitting smoking is connected with reduced anxiety, depression and stress and improved positive mood and quality of life in comparison with continuing to smoke.
In studies participated 44-years-old people who smoked around 20 cigarettes daily and were examined for an average of 6 months. The findings are very useful for doctors who treat mental disorders as they should provide smoking cessation advuce for people suffering from anxiety and depression.
Though a lot of smokers want to quit, many of them continue to smoke because they believe that smoking provides them with mental health benefits. Regular smokers say smoking cigarettes imroves emotional problems, relieves from depression, anxiety and stress, stabilises mood.
The author of the study Gemma Taylor, the University of Birmingham said that it is encouraging greatly to show that quitting smoking helps to improve mental health.
Generally, over the last 40 years smoking rates have declined significantly, but among people with mental disorders the situation is the same. The main reason for that is that people do believe that quitting will worsen their mental health. Researchers claim that this is nothing but a myth.
It was estimated that almost 50% of all cigarettes sold in England annually are smoked by people with mental disorders, therefore latest research is expected to change the situation.
People suffering from menthal disorders do often smoke cigarettes in order to relax when they feel nervous, but they should know that smoking only worsens their condition.
In Ireland the representatives of Convenience Stores and Newsagents Association ( CSNA) told that Australia adopted too strict measures in order to improve their legislation on tobacco packaging.
According to Vincent Jennings, who is CSNA chief executive, the introduction of plain cigarettes packaging in Ireland should be delayed. The initiative should be discussed first in order to determine all pros and cons.
On the meeting Joint Oireachtas Committee on Health and Children, Vincent Jennings said that he was worried that there was not estimated the regulatory impact of the plain packs proposal.
The Public Health Bill entitled Standardised Packaging of Tobacco will introduce standardised plain packaging on all tobacco products. The Bill will clarify the position and size of health warnings displayed on cigarette packets.
The Australian anti-tobacco measures included a 25% annual increase in excise taxes during four years. Australian government totally spent A$85m (€56.3m) on tobacco policy, and A$28m of them were spent on high-risk and disadvantaged groups.
Mr Jennings added that the Australian government reduced the number of duty-free cigarettes from 250 to 50.
Australia introduced plan cigarettes packs in 2011 and it is the first country in the world who did this. Now many countries worldwide want to follow this example.
In January US Department of Health and Human Services celebrated the 50th anniversary of release of first Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health. In this regard they published a new report called “The Health Consequences of Smoking–50 Years of Progress”.
However, a new documental film recently released says that efforts to reduce smoking have become more symbol than substance. The film is called “Blowing Smoke: The Lost Legacy of the Surgeon General’s Report” and is directed by Alan Blum, chief of The University of Alabama Center for the Study of Tobacco and Society. The film says that annually huge money are spent on funds responsable for anti-smoking campaigns but seems like those money are wasted because smoking is still prevalent in the USA.
Back in January 11, 1964, when the Surgeon General’s Report was released, the author Dr. Luther L. Terry said that tobacco smoking is connected to lung cancer in males and is a health threat of serious importance to demand appropriate remedial action. However, mister Blum is pessimistic in this context. He says that the decades of anti-smoking efforts have failed because tobacco industry is very powerful and it does not want to lose its business.
Surgeon General Terry’s report of 1964 should have marked the beginning of the end of the Marlboro Man. Today Altria, the maker of Marlboro cigarettes, is the leading tobacco company which uses method of recruitment of college students as the new Marlboro sales force. It was estimated that though the number of American adults who smoke has lowered to 20%, the number of people who continue to smoke is almost the same as in 1964.
Blum speaks about the necessity to reduce demand for cigarettes, which remain the major cause of heart disease, cancer, emphysema, and high health costs.
The FDA launches ads with people having wrinkles and yellow teeth in order to show teenagers the effects of long-term smoking. The $115 million anti-smoking campaign is called “The Real Cost” and its main goal is to prevent teenagers from smoking and encourage them to quit.
The campaign starts on February 11 and will last one year. During the campaign will be shown ads in more than 200 markets throughout the USA. Also ads will be shown on MTV, magazines for teens and even social media.
Mitch Zeller, the director of the FDA’s Center for Tobacco Products, told that children are our future, therefore it is important to educate them now about the effects of smoking. Statistics and numbers will not reach them, therefore FDA used visual tools which will reach them easily.
Zeller, who analyzed the anti-tobacco campaign called “Truth”, said that the new campaign is a “compelling, provocative and somewhat graphic way” of attracting the attention of more than 10 million young people that are open to cigarettes.
It was estimated that around 90% of adult people started to smoke by age 18 and more than 700 children under 18 become regular smokers every day.
The FDA intends to reduce by 300,000 number of young smokers within three years. “While most teens understand the serious health risks associated with tobacco use, they often don’t believe the long-term consequences will ever apply to them,” said FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg. The new anti-smoking campaign is focused on things that matter to teenagers, for example, appearence and the desire to be independent.
In two of TV ads teeangers enter a store to buy cigarettes and when salesman says that cigarettes will cost more than they have, the teens give a piece of their skin or a tooth to pay for their cigarettes.
In future the FDA wants to target young adults aged 18 – 24 and people who influence teenagers, including family members, parents and peers.
The smoking ban in Boston, Massachusetts, was proposed by the Mayor Thomas M. Menino and it came into action from the beginning of 2014. The lnew law prohibits to smoke not only cigarettes but also e-cigarettes, marijuana and vaporizers in all city open spaces such as parks and cemeteries.
The ban includes Boston Common located close to campus which makes the park a popular place for many Emerson smokers. However, with the smoking ban students have to look for other place to smoke.
Residents of the city say that it will be quite hard to make this law work because there are many people that choose to smoke in the Common. It is a common place for smokers, especially for Emerson students for whom it is the only place to smoke.
Those who violate the law will have to pay a $250 fine. However, at the beginning the enforcement will be on a peer-to-peer basis, which means that ordinary park visitors will inform smokers about the new anti-smoking rules. Fines will be applied in the last resort. People should be well informed about the new rules that recently came into action.
Some people consider the peer-to-peer aspect of the initiative to be problemati. They say that the only people who will eat smoker’s out are those affected by tobacco smoke. Silvia Stantcheva, a junior political communication major, told that Emerson students will not change their smoking habits. Stantcheva smokes about four Marlboro Reds daily and she added that many smokers pretend they are not aware about smoking ban.
Researchers from University of Kentucky say that secondhand smoke is main cause of a number of diseases in children, especially in rural areas,
According to one of authors of the research Ellen Hahn, who is a professor at the University of Kentucky College of Nursing and director of the Kentucky Center for Smoke-free Policy, told that the only way to protect children and non-smokers from secondhand smoke is to totally eliminate the source of tobacco smoke.
The research used data from a panel survey conducted in the Internet and administered to almost 500 residents in Kentucky each year from 2007 to 2012.
The vast majority of participants were females aged 35 to 54 having at least some college education. 50% of the participants were from a county where a comprehensive smoke-free law was adopted and smoking was prohibited in public places and 14% lived in a county with a moderate law, with some places excluded from the law.
The results of the research were published in the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research Journal. Scientists discovered that survey respondents from urban counties were 2 times more likely to report a smoke-free home than those from rural.
Besides this, it was found that people who responded to the survey in the last 2 years of the survey were more likely to have a smoke-free home in comparison to those in 2007. Researchers were happy to find that since 2007 more Kentuckians have made their homes smoke-free. However, at the same time they found that having kids at home does not mean they live in a smoke-free home.
The authors of the research say that there is need to promote smoke-free homes in rural areas in order to prevent children exposure to secondhand smoke.
American Lung Association in its latest report “State of Tobacco Control” writes that New Jersey is failing in funding quit smoking and tobacco prevention programs.
Each year, the American Lung Association releases such an report which contains information on implementation of state policies regarding tobacco use, cessation, prevention, taxation, and for each state gives grades.
The American Lung Association says that the main aim of the report is to take serious actions agains smoking in order to eliminate secondhand smoke and reducing smoking rates among population.
New Jersey received an “A” grade for smoke-free air, “B” grade for cigarette tax and “F” grade for tobacco control, prevention, spending and cessation. It means that some anti-smoking efforts are successful and some are not. Deb Brown, the American Lunch Association of the Mid-Atlantic’s CEO says that regretably, New Jersey is the only state that did not invest state money into funding the New Jersey Comprehensive Control Program.
In 2003 the Comprehensive Control Program got $30 million, but funding gradually lowered and is now non-existent. Besides this, the state fails to help smokers wanting to quit adequately, thus it takes multiple attempts to quit smoking. However, in spite of these failed anti-smoking efforts, New Jersey manages to show good results in taxing tobacco products and providing smoke-free air for employees.
Assemblyman John Burzichelli is happy to see New Jersey’s grade in the air quality category but cannot say why Gov. Chris Christie has failed to fund the smoking prevention programs. If a person likes to smoke — it is his personal choice, but non-smokers should be protected from tobacco smoke.
In New Jersey smoking is prohibited in workplaces, restaurants, bars, schools, childcare facilities. Today the only public places where smoking is permitted ar casinos and gambling establishments. In New Jersey the highest smoking rates are reported in Gloucester, Salem and Cumberland.